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Why did ancient Chinese have two opinions: prime minister and prime minister? Are there any differences?
Fun history2018-04-11 10:02:44

Generally speaking, the prime minister is a system, the prime minister is a substantial official name. The prime minister system began in the Spring and Autumn Period and ended in the Ming Dynasty . After the abolition of the prime minister system in the Ming Dynasty , the "cabinet" (Wenyuan Pavilion is in the palace, hence the cabinet name) system , Qing Chengming system, there is no nominal prime minister system.

Introduction to the Prime Minister System of the Past Dynasties: The Prime Minister originated from the Spring and Autumn Period. Guan Zhong was the first outstanding prime minister in Chinese history. By the Warring States Period, the post of Prime Minister had been established in various vassal states.

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In the Qin Dynasty, the prime minister's official official name was the prime minister. Sometimes it is divided into right and left, with the right as the top, called "right prime minister", "left prime minister", and eunuchs who serve as prime ministers are called "central prime ministers."

The Han Dynasty was similar to the Qin Dynasty, except that if it was called Xianguo, it would have a higher status. During Emperor Hanwu's time, a group of Confucian scholars were used as prime ministers to handle daily administrative affairs, and the government affairs center was transferred to the inner court. The power of the prime minister was gradually transferred to the chief of Shang Shutai. Emperor Han Ai changed his prime minister to chief Situ, and Eastern Han Dynasty was governed by Situ, Si Kong, and Lieutenant. During the Emperor Han Xian , the prime minister was restored, and Cao Cao served as the prime minister.

During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties , the prime minister or the kingdom of the kingdom professed power for ministers and became a means of usurping power. The Northern and Southern Dynasties' system was changeable. The emperor 's discussions with government affairs or entrusted secrets were the prime ministers, and the official names were Zhongshuan, Zhongshuling, Shizhong, Shangshuling, servants, or generals. The most respected and powerful person is Lu Shangshu.

The Sui Dynasty set up a three-province system. The governors of the three provinces, the internal history of the province, the Nayan of the Menxia province, and the Shangshu of the Shangshu province are all prime ministers. In the Tang Dynasty, the province of internal history was changed to the province of Zhongshu, and the internal history was changed to Zhongshuling. After Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty, only those who added "Three Grades under the Tongzhong Book" and "Ping Zhangshi under the Tongzhong Book" were prime ministers.

In the Song Dynasty, the official name of the prime minister was Tongping Zhangshi, and the deputy was the governor. From the Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty, the emperor's courtesy of the Prime Minister was gradually downgraded to Song Taizu's abolition of the "sit on" ceremony, which greatly reduced the status of the Prime Minister. Yuan Feng was restructured, and the prime minister was two. The Prime Minister said that the left servant shoots and the servants under the door, and the second friend Shang Shu shoots and the servants under the door; there are also the assistant servants, the servants in the middle, and the servants in the middle. In Zhenghe, the left servant shot was changed to Dazai and the servant of the door, and the right servant shot was the young soldier and Zhongshu of the door. In Jianyan Room, the Prime Minister's official name was changed to Shang Shu, Wei Fu, She Ping Zhang Shi and Zhong Shu, and the Deputy Prime Minister was in charge of administrative affairs. The main road was changed to left and right.

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In the Yuan Dynasty, the province of Zhongshu was used as the center of government affairs. The chief official Zhongshuling was often led by the crown prince.

At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty , the province of Zhongshu was also set up, and the right and left prime ministers. In the thirteenth year of Hongwu (1380), he dropped the province of Shushu, abolished the prime minister, and the emperor decided on the government. The prime minister system was abolished. After the emperor was overwhelmed by the complexity of politics, he set up a cabinet university associate document. The post office became heavier, and the bachelor became the de facto prime minister, called the assistant minister, and the leader was the assistant.

The Qing Dynasty followed the Ming system, and the Yongzheng Military Office was set up. The cabinet became a leisure cao and the military minister became the de facto prime minister. The Ming and Qing dynasties used to call university scholars as worshipers, but they did not have official prime minister status.


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