在线一本码道高清

In the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, why did hundreds of thousands of Qing troops only wipe out more than 1,000 Japanese troops?
Fun history2018-05-06 11:57:07 Guangxu Cixi Zeng Guofan Li Hongzhang Yuan Shikai

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894 was an all-out war between China and Japan in 1894. In this war, the two countries held a peak showdown. The Qing government invested 630,000 troops, plus the auxiliary forces such as the militia, with a total strength of more than 1 million. The Japanese side also almost mobilized, investing 240,000 troops and 154,000 troops. The two countries fought fiercely in various battlefields including North Korea, the Yellow Sea, Liaodong, and Shandong. After a war, the Qing army suffered close to 40,000 casualties, more than half of them were killed, and the Japanese army suffered 13,000 casualties, but the number of casualties was only over 1,400. Most of the casualties came from diseases such as cholera and beriberi. In other words, hundreds of thousands of Qing troops killed only a thousand Japanese troops for a year, which can't help but surprise people. So why do hundreds of thousands of Qing troops just wipe out more than a thousand Japanese troops? Let's analyze them below.

image.png

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894 was divided into two battlefields, one onshore and one on the sea. Let's start with the maritime battlefield. At sea, the Beiyang Fleet and the Japanese Fleet fought fiercely in the Yellow Sea. Although the Beiyang Navy claims to be Asia's No. 1 navy, the so-called Asia's No. 1 is long past. In 1888, the Beiyang Navy was indeed the first in Asia when it entered the army. However, after the army was established, it did not add a ship for ten years. It was an old ship ten years ago. . The Japanese Navy is changing with each passing day, desperately buying ships, new warships, fast speeds, and fierce firepower, and the Japanese Navy's combat literacy is also high, so the decadent Qing Army is not the opponent of the Japanese Navy, the Beiyang Navy was defeated. During the Sino-Japanese War, the Beiyang Navy only sank a torpedo boat in Japan, so there were few major casualties in the Japanese Navy.

In terms of land warfare, although the Qing Army has invested millions of troops, most of them are in soy sauce, eating and drinking and betting, but fighting is not enough. The Japanese spy Ogawa once again stated in the "Quest for the Qing National Policy" reported to the Emperor: "Although the Qing court has a million people, only 400,000 people are brave and trained." These 400,000 troops have to defend vast areas such as Liaodong, Zhili, and Shandong. The Qing ’s traffic conditions are very poor, and it is difficult to support each other when fighting, so there are not many field mobile units. The mobile units that can be mobilized and have combat effectiveness are only the Huai Army led by Li Hongzhang and the Xiang Army led by Liu Kunyi . In the Sino-Japanese War, the Qing Army's combat troops did not exceed 170,000. Therefore, although the Qing forces seem to have an overwhelming advantage on paper figures, the Qing forces are actually at a disadvantage in terms of actual strength, because most of them are playing soy sauce and maintaining order. In addition, although the Xiang and Huai Army claimed to be elite in the Qing Dynasty, their combat effectiveness was actually average. Although the Xianghuai and Huaijun armies were replaced with advanced western weapons, they were still essentially a feudal army, which was one of the main reasons for the defeat of the Qing army. For example, in the Hunan Army in the southeast, some people commented on them at the time: the fly camp dogs , the soldiers were lazy, and the officers collected money, and they no longer have the former combat power. Therefore, in the Liaodong battlefield, the southeast Hunan army led by Liu Kunyi collapsed in the battle in Niuzhuang. Throughout the Sino-Japanese War, the Qing troops fought not ordinary but often ran after firing their guns. They ran faster than rabbits, and a positional battle quickly evolved into a pursuit battle. If the Navy can still sigh , then the Army is not even qualified to be scolded, because they fought badly in the Sino-Japanese War.

image.png

The Qing Navy is not as good as Japan, the Army is not as good as Japan, and logistics support and battlefield medical care are not as good as Japan. Because Japan has a sound logistical support and a battlefield medical system, although the number of Japanese casualties is large, the number of casualties is small, and most of them have been effectively treated. The Qing army is different. The military medics and furnishings are similar, and many soldiers are directly attrited if they are injured. Without effective treatment, many soldiers directly lost their combat effectiveness and even died. In the war, the Western Red Cross gave the Qing army some help. If it were not for their help, Qing casualties might be even higher. In the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War, hundreds of thousands of Qing troops actually eliminated just over 1,000 Japanese troops. Can only be described in one sentence, the Qing army is too incompetent.


Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.

Recommending ...

24 hours hot text

Change

    the latest update

    • character
    • Decrypt
    • War history
    • unofficial history
    • History
    • culture

    Latest ranking

    • Click Ranking
    • Gallery Ranking
    • Thematic ranking

    Illustrated World

    Change