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The prime minister and the prime minister in a TV series are not the same thing at all.
Fun history2018-05-24 13:05:27

If the word "prince" is mentioned, I believe that the most direct response in everyone's mind is "below one person and above ten thousand people", assisting the emperor 's important minister in handling government affairs. If the word "prime minister" is mentioned again, I am afraid that the word that emerges in everyone's mind will still be "under one person, above 10,000 people." Since "Prince Minister" and "Prince Minister" both refer to the elders who are above 10,000 people, what is the difference between the two?

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First, the prime minister is an official, and the prime minister is a idiom.

Regarding the "principal prime minister" and "principal prime minister", everyone often mistakes them for the same concept. In fact, this is a wrong perception, the prime minister and prime minister are not an equivalent concept. Because in Chinese history, the prime minister is a clear official name, and the prime minister is a customary name for the assistant king to deal with government affairs, not an official position or office.

The term Prime Minister first appeared in the Warring States Period, and the vassal states in the Warring States Period set up the position of Xiangguo to assist the monarchs in handling national affairs. However, this Prime Minister is not an official with the Prime Minister today. The Prime Minister was an official who assisted the country in handling government affairs, and was his deputy. By the end of the Warring States Period, the Prime Minister gradually invaded the power of the Prime Minister, and the Prime Minister officially became a post with more than 10,000 people.

After the Qin Dynasty unified the six nations, he still set up the post of prime minister to assist the emperor in handling government affairs. After the establishment of the Western Han Dynasty, the system inherited from the Qin Dynasty still set the prime minister, and ordered him to assist the emperor, such as Xiao He and Cao Shen in the early Han Dynasty. It is precisely because of the high weight of the phase, it also lays down its position in people's hearts.

However, the prime minister has not always appeared in history as an official. When the Emperor of the Western Han Dynasty was sad , the name of the prime minister who had been attacked for more than 300 years was changed to "Situ." Since then, except for Shu Han and Cao Cao , the prime minister has been set up briefly, and his position has almost disappeared in history. It was not until the Tang Dynasty that there were left and right prime ministers, the title of the prime minister appeared in history again, and continued until Ming Taizu abolished the prime minister.

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The name of the prime minister appears almost the same as the prime minister. As early as in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States period period book " Zhuangzi ", there is a record of the prime minister. In " Lv's Spring and Autumn" it is even more blunt: The prime minister can be replaced on behalf of the monarch. "

But the prime minister is different from the prime minister, it is not an official position, but a habitual title. "Zai" means to dominate and manage; "Xiang" originally meant to be courteous to others, but also meant to assist. For this reason, the words "Jai" and "Xiang" are used in combination to refer to those who assist the king in handling political affairs, such as the prime minister, Shang Shuling, and Tongping Zhangshi.

Difference two, prime minister is prime minister, but prime minister is not necessarily prime minister

Mr. Zhu Zongbin once made a brilliant definition of the nature of the prime minister in China. He believes that as long as an official has the following powers in Chinese history, he can be called a "prime minister". 1. Must have "negotiation power" that can discuss government affairs with the emperor; 2. Have "exercise power", be able to supervise and urge hundred officials to perform government affairs. These two powers are indispensable , and as long as they are missing, they cannot be called prime ministers.

Therefore, according to Mr. Zhu's standards, the Prime Minister of the Han Dynasty , as the head of the Three Gongs, can not only discuss military affairs with the emperor, but also supervise Baiguan (Jiuqing) in handling government affairs.

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However, in China's history, not only the prime minister can be called the "prime minister". In fact, in the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties , Shang Shuling (or Shang Shutai), the chief of Shangshu (sometimes Shangshu left servant), the chief of the three provinces of Shangshu, Zhongshu, and Xiamen; and Tongping Zhangshi of the Song Dynasty can be called "Prime Minister". Although the cabinet ministers of the Ming Dynasty and the military ministers of the Qing Dynasty were also high weights, according to Mr. Zhu's standards, they failed to have both the "executive power" and the "discussion power" and could not be called prime ministers.

For this reason, Prime Minister and Prime Minister are not an equivalent concept. As long as the prime minister can basically be called the "prime minister", but not only the prime minister can be called the prime minister. In different stages of Chinese history, there are different officials who can be called prime ministers.


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