在线一本码道高清

One of the Ten Anti-Japanese Campaigns-Why did the "Shanghai-Shanghai Battle" fail?

Battle of Songhu (August 13th-November 12th, 1937), also known as the Battle of August 13th, was the first large-scale battle in the Anti-Japanese War, and the largest and most violent battle in the 14 years of resistance. A total of 800,000 (300,000 casualties), the Japanese army participated in a total of 300,000 (40,000 casualties). This battle was initiated by the Chinese army, and it absolutely crushed the Japanese army in number, but why was it still a fiasco?

On July 7, 1937, the Japanese army created the Lugou Bridge Incident and threatened to perish China in three months. In order to facilitate the long-term operations of the Chinese army, Chiang Kai-shek was preparing to launch a battle in Songhu, changing the direction of the Japanese invasion from north to south to east to west, so he ordered Zhang Zhizhong , commander of the 9th Army, to report to the Japanese Marine Corps in Shanghai on August 13. The Hongkou base launched a siege in an attempt to drive the Japanese army to the sea.

image.png

When the war broke out, the Chinese army launched a comprehensive offensive against the Japanese forces in Shanghai. At the same time, it dispatched the Air Force to bomb the Japanese Marine Corps Command, Huishan Pier, and the surface ships. At first the focus of the attack was on the Japanese army's Hongkou base, and then turned to the Kungda Spinners.

At the beginning of the Songhu Battle, the Chinese army had an absolute advantage. In addition to two elite divisions (one division 20,000 to 20,000), there were also two heavy artillery regiments equipped with German artillery, as well as tanks and air forces. The Japanese army was in Shanghai at that time. The Marine Corps has only more than 3,000 people, and it should reasonably be possible to expel the Japanese soon. However, the Japanese army relied on strong fortifications to resist stubbornly, which prevented the Chinese army from achieving a major breakthrough. And after several days of hard fighting, Chiang Kai-shek fell into the illusion of the great powers (referring to the imperialist powers that divided the world during the same period and had colonies around the world). The fantasy powers could interfere in the Sino-Japanese war and interfere in the powers. The truce, which further defeated the Japanese ambitions for North China. This fantasy has made the Chinese army's operations somewhat lax, which has given the Japanese army a chance to increase its troops. Since then, both sides have continued to increase their forces in Shanghai, and the two armies have continued to engage in fierce fighting.

On October 20th, the Japanese army secretly formed the 10th Army to prepare for the large-scale siege of the Chinese army. On November 5th, the 80th Japanese Army of the 10th Army landed at Jinshanwei. Chiang Kai-shek delayed the retreat due to the interference of fantasy powers, waiting Chiang Kai-shek came to his senses and lost the best time to retreat. On the evening of November 8, Chiang Kai-shek ordered a full retreat. All troops withdrew from Shanghai and retreated to Nanjing and Suzhou west of Jiaxing in two ways. Due to hasty orders and uncontrolled command, about 400,000 Chinese soldiers crowded on several highways and were bombed by the Japanese Air Force. The Great Retreat became a big escape. Hundreds of thousands of soldiers dispersed when they evacuated to Nanjing, defeating the Nanjing Defensive Buried foreshadowing. On November 12, Shanghai Mayor Yu Hongjun issued a notice to the citizens, annoyingly announcing the fall of Shanghai, the largest city in the Far East.

This battle is the first large-scale coordinated operation of the Chinese Army's services (Air Force, Navy, Army) and various services (Infantry, Artillery, Tank), but the coordination effect is very poor: the infantry forces the tank to charge and does not cover it. As a result, the tank It was completely destroyed by the Japanese army; the infantry lost its tank cover and suffered heavy casualties. There was even a tragedy in which a battalion was crowded in a street and blocked by the Japanese army.

Therefore, the reasons for the failure of the Songhu Battle were: the sturdy Japanese fortifications, Chiang Kai-shek's illusions about the powers, which led to improper command, and the poor ability of the Chinese army to coordinate operations.

However, despite the defeat of the Chinese army in Songhu, the fighting force of our army caused great damage to the Japanese army, which completely shattered Japan's plan to destroy China for three months.

Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.

Recommending ...

24 hours hot text

Change

    the latest update

    • character
    • Decrypt
    • War history
    • unofficial history
    • History
    • culture

    Latest ranking

    • Click Ranking
    • Gallery Ranking
    • Thematic ranking

    Illustrated World

    Change