在线一本码道高清

When did the Yiwei War occur? Causes of the Yiwei War

The Yiwei War, also known as the Battle of Yiwei, means that after the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of 1895, when the Chinese Qing Dynasty was forced to cede Taiwan to the Japanese Empire in 1895 (Lunar New Year's Eve), a series of large and small battles between the people of Taiwan against the Japanese rule occurred. In general, it is also the largest war in the history of Taiwan Island.

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After the defeat of the Qing court in the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of 1894, Taiwan and Penghu were permanently ceded to Japan by a paper treaty. The corruption decision of the Qing court made the Taiwanese people extremely angry, and countries around the world stood by for their own interests. Taiwan is also here. Isolated and self-reliant under the circumstances of isolation and helplessness, he founded the Taiwan Democracy on May 25, 21st year of Guangxu (1895) in the Qing Dynasty. In the early summer of the same year, the Japanese army ) Landed, and captured Tainan City at the end of the autumn of the same year. The Taiwan Democracy, which had been maintained for less than five months, officially disintegrated. At this point, only the Hakka army in Taiwan's Liudui region in southern Taiwan is still dealing with the Japanese army until November 26. After the Hakka army lost the battle in Huoyaozhuang (now Changxing Village, Changzhi Township, Pingtung County, Taiwan), the Taiwanese People ’s Anti-Japanese War was also ended. This battle lasted for about 6 months from the Japanese landing on May 29, 1895 to the end of November of the same year. It caused the death of 14,000 soldiers in Taiwan, the sacrifice of the Taiwan Volunteers, and the innocent killing of the Taiwanese people. Although only 164 Japanese Expeditionary Forces died in the battle against the Japanese Imperial Army, the Japanese troop killed 4,700 officers and soldiers because of Taiwan's fate (including the famous North Shirakawa Palace in Japan and Prince Nohisa Yamaguchi and Major General Yamane. ).

At the beginning of 1895, the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War, which was due to the struggle for the sovereignty of North Korea, came to an end because the Qing was approaching defeat and actively seeking peace. Japanese Prime Minister Hirofumi Ito and his Japanese cabinet have long considered that whether it is a war or a peace, they must take Liaodong Peninsula and Taiwan as the outcome of this war. In January of the same year, the Satsuma-dominated Japanese army and about 5,500 expeditionary forces composed of about 4,000 regular army forces were actively preparing for landing in Penghu. On March 15, 1895, the army secretly departed from Sasebo Port, Hiroshima, and landed in the early morning of March 23 without any resistance on the main island of Penghu, the main island of Penghu where Magong City is located.

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On the other hand, there are 12 infantry battalions, 2 artillery battalions, and 1 navy battalion stationed in Penghu. The morale is low due to old equipment and the defeat of the Sino-Japanese War, and there is not much resistance. During the period, the top director of the Penghu Office, Tainan Prefecture arrested Chen Buti, who was arrested for food and sea defense, and fled to mainland China shortly after the campaign. Therefore, on March 24, 1895, the Japanese army occupied the capital of Penghu, Magong in less than two days. During the Penghu battle, although the Japanese army suffered little casualties, during this period, the Japanese army refused to accept the soil and soil , and the number of soldiers suffering from cholera was about 1,700, and the deaths reached 1,000.

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On March 26, 1895, it had obtained the strategic position of the Taiwan Strait, and it was determined that Japan, which could easily take Taiwan, accepted Shimonoseki's peace request in Japan.

On April 17, 1895, Li Hongzhang , who tried hard to make peace, was still ordered to exchange peace with the Liaodong Peninsula and Taiwan Island, and signed the Treaty of Secession to cede Taiwan. Earlier, the Taiwan gentry who was informed of the occupation of Penghu was already frightening. After learning about the "occupation of territories", some Taiwanese officials of the Qing Dynasty cooperated with some Taiwan gentry and announced their establishment on May 23, 1895 "Taiwan Democracy", the year "Yongqing". The former governor Tang Jingsong, who was stationed in Taiwan by the Qing Dynasty, was promoted to be the president of Taiwan ’s Democratic State, Liu Yongfu was promoted to be a general, and Qiu Fengjia was to command the volunteer army.

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