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Liaoshen, Huaihai and Hepingjin battles, which one is the most violent?
Fun history2018-10-17 14:36:31

The large-scale decisive battle in the liberation war was naturally the three major battles of Liaoshen, Huaihai and Hepingjin. However, if you asked which of the three major battles was the largest, the most annihilated, and the most intense battle, it was the Huaihai battle from November 6, 1948 to January 10, 1949.

Before the war, Chiang Kai-shek claimed that the battle of Xu Meng was "the key to the survival of the regime."

Before the war, Mao Zedong sent two telegrams to the East China Field Army, saying that he planned to win the decisive battle at the cost of 100,000 to 200,000 casualties. Chen Yi, Su Yu, and others later called Mao Zedong: "In order to overthrow the Jiang family, he made the greatest determination."

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In this battle, the two sides invested more than 1.5 million regular military forces, the scale of which was large, and the number of participating military forces was huge in history.

The People's Liberation Army has 600,000 regular troops. The main troops are: East China Field Army with 15 main columns and 1 special forces column, 35th Army (Wuhua Ministry of Culture), East China Military Region local forces, Central Plains Field Army with 7 main columns and Central Plains Military Region local forces. .

The Kuomintang has 800,000 regular troops. The main participating troops are: KMT Xuzhou "General" Command, Forward Command, 5 Army of the 2nd Corps, 4 Army of the 6th Corps, 5 Army of the 7th Corps, and 8th Army 2 Army, 4 Army of the 12th Corps, 3 Army of the 13th Corps, 2 Army of the 16th Corps, 5 Army of the 1st Appeasement District, 4 Army of the 3rd Appeasement District, etc.

The Huaihai Campaign was difficult and fierce, exceeding all the battles of the Liberation War. This decisive battle was Chiang Kai-shek's all-out, hard-fought battle, but the East China Field Army was more powerful and fierce. Its tactics and strategic levels for fighting vicious, tough, and big battles reached the peak of the liberation war.

After 66 days of battle, the Kuomintang army suffered 550,000 casualties and was captured. The PLA casualties alone were more than 100,000. The People's Liberation Army annihilated the enemy's Xuzhou "General Zong" forward command, 5 Corps Headquarters, 22 Army Headquarters, and 56 Divisions totaling more than 555,000 people. Most of these troops are Chiang Kai-shek's troops, housekeeping troops, the most well-equipped, and the most effective combat. In the situation where the PLA is in a disadvantaged position, it wins with fewer wins and annihilates the number of enemies, far exceeding the Moscow and Kurst battles conducted by the Soviets during World War II.

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In the victory of this battle, the PLA basically wiped out Chiang Kai-shek ’s elite southern line troops, liberated vast areas of East China and the Central Plains, and placed the enemy ’s Yangtze River defense line and the ruling centers of Nanjing and Shanghai under the direct threat of our army, which became the decisive factor in obtaining the war of liberation The key battle for victory. After that, the national army was no longer able to decisively fight against the main force of the Communist Party.

In the post-war review of the Kuomintang military command, the national army commander had to admit: "The failure of the national army has the most important impact on the overall situation, especially in East China."

In a report to the US Department of War, General Badawi, head of the U.S. military advisory regiment, said: "Due to the stigma caused by the failure of the KMT government north of the Yangtze River, whether the KMT government can obtain the necessary Supporting and mobilizing manpower in this area to rebuild its army is extremely doubtful. The total failure of the KMT is inevitable. "

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U.S. Ambassador to China Stuart Rayden said: "Jiang Jieshi's military strength actually collapsed."

The direct impact of this victory was: Three days later, Chiang Kai-shek announced that Shimoya retired, which is equivalent to "resigning blame."

On the same day, Mao Zedong announced: "Now, the People ’s Liberation Army is superior to the remaining military forces of the Kuomintang reactionary government in terms of both morale and equipment. At this point, the Chinese people have started to breathe out. The situation is now very clear. The remnants of the Kuomintang army made several major attacks, and the Kuomintang rule is about to fall apart and die. "

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