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Why the Japanese Army was unable to attack Chongqing because of this battle

During the Anti-Japanese War, most of the territory of Hubei was occupied by the Japanese army. Why did the Japanese not use Wuhan as a springboard to go against the river and kill the accompanying capital, Chongqing, but just sent an air force to bomb? Our history books have never told us that this is Because the terrible battle of defending Shipai Town.

Important strategic location of Shipai Town

Shipai is an ancient town with less than one hundred households. It is located in Yichang County (now Yiling District, Yichang City), located on the right bank of the Xiling Gorge of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River, more than 30 kilometers away from Yichang City, and it has always been a battle for soldiers. After the Japanese invasion of Yichang, Shipai became the first portal of Chongqing, the arch-guardian capital, and it could be said to be the only portal that could be called "natural insurance". Once Shipai is captured, with the cooperation of the Japanese army's water, land and air, Chongqing will be at risk and China will be at risk.

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Ship Fort

Both China and Japan saw the importance here. In the winter of 1938, the Chinese Navy set up the first turret at Shipai, installed a total of 10 artillery pieces, equipped with mine-drift teams, smoke screen teams and more than 100 officers and soldiers to block the Yangtze River. .

Sure enough, in early March 1941, the Japanese attacked the Pingshan dam on the front of Shipai from the other side of Yichang with heavy soldiers, and attacked Caojiayu on the other side of Shipai. The Japanese troops on both sides were severely hit by our garrison at that time, and they returned home with disastrous defeat. The Japanese army, who had learned its lessons, dared not rush to capture the Ship Fortress from the front. Therefore, in May 1943, the Japanese army attempted to attack it by bypassing the Ship behind the Ship Corps.

Japan wants to win China

On May 22, Chiang Kai-shek sent a call: "Shi Pai Fortress should designate the eleventh division to stay on guard." Such a heavy responsibility fell on the eleventh division of the Eighteenth Army, division commander Hu Yan , a national army general.

On May 25, 1943, the Japanese army approached the Shipai fortress. The strength comparison between the two sides is as follows:

Japanese Army: Two divisions and one brigade, with a total of 100,000 troops coming straight.

National Army: The 11th Division of the Eighteenth Army led by Hu Yong is stationed at the core position, the ninety-fourth Army of the Tenth Army covers the right wing, the Air Force fighters cooperate and bombard the Japanese rear to cut off enemy reinforcements and supplies.

The battle of Shipai fortress was very difficult. One side was determined and the other side desperately defended.

On May 29, Hu Yan issued orders to the commanders: "From tomorrow on, we will meet the enemy's short soldiers ... to the last one, bury the dead bones of the enemy here, and write our name and flesh on the rocks of Shipai. . "

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Shipai Town

Since the Japanese army entered the main position outside Shipai, due to the mountains and mountains in this area, its infantry can only carry mountain guns to cooperate and cannot withstand the attack of our army. So instead of bombardment, bombardment was carried out with planes, and 9 planes were kept flying low every day to assist. By May 30, more and more Japanese troops broke through the perimeter defense and began to storm the Ship Fort. Under the cover of the air force, the enemy divided into several small units and stormed our position. As long as there was a little gap, the Japanese army charged in a dense team and made a cone-shaped in-depth.

When both the enemy and us were destroying the frontier of Shipai at the expense of life, General Chen Cheng , commander of the theater, called Hu Yan: "Are you sure you can keep the fortress?" Hu Yan answered categorically: "While success Unsure, Chengren is determined! "His heroism is evident.

Within a few hours, the fate of the country would be decided, and the scale of victory seemed to be tilting towards Japan. More and more Chinese and Japanese soldiers began to use bayonets-they were close enough to see each other's faces clearly. At this time, thousands of soldiers of the Chinese and Japanese armies were rushing towards each other with bayonets.

Hand-to-hand combat, no gunfire for three hours, no loss of position

The eleventh division officers and soldiers fought bravely under the command of Hu Yan. For three hours, no gunfire was heard on the Gaojialing area near Caojiayu. This was not a truce between the two sides, nor was it a break. To a certain extent, the two armies of the enemy and ours turned into a group to engage in hand-to-hand combat. They were fighting bayonets, and the largest white-blade battle in World War II broke out.

Attacked more than 1,000 enemies in Sanjiaoyan and Sifang Bay, and used tear gas bombs at one time in order to compete for the commanding heights of Guizhou donkeys . Our army had no anti-chemical equipment, and used the flesh and blood to fight against the enemy, and miraculously wiped out the enemy. The battle of the Eight Fighters was the most intense place in this battle. The enemy's progress in every inch of land must pay the same price for flesh and blood. The two armies repeatedly smashed in this projectile land, and the sun and the moon eclipsed them. Our army fought in blood, killing nearly 2,000 Japanese soldiers, and the enemy bodies at the front of the position were pyramid-shaped.

The Central News Agency reported to the whole country that "the battle on the west coast of Yichang has reached fierce. Every stronghold must fight for it." This is a true portrayal of the battle at that time.

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Ship Fortress

China National Geographic once described the teenager who died in this white-bladed battle:

"At that time, the children of Chinese peasants' families were generally malnourished. Most of the sixteen-seven-year-old soldiers had not yet had a rifle with a bayonet. They would fight hard with a gun longer than themselves. If they were alive, they would have They are seventy or eighty-year-olds. They will also drink sips of fragrant tea in their own orangery, and leisurely look at their children and grandchildren, warming them up forever. But they can die for the sake of other Chinese people. Now. "

In that cruel afternoon, the blood of countless strong men soaked the land on the south bank of the Yangtze River. After three hours of fighting without gunshots, Bai blade battle fell to the tent, and 1,500 Chinese soldiers lay quietly in China's most beautiful rivers and mountains. They had fought bravely, but at this time they were quiet and shivering, much like most of their short lives. The Chinese army's position has not been lost, and the Japanese have fallen back.

Hu Yi's testament: When the sons grew up, they would still avenge themselves as soldiers and serve the country with loyalty.

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Hu Yan and the 11th Division are ready to kill themselves. At present, the enemy is fighting fiercely, and Hu Yan is repairing five books at night to say goodbye to his family. Two of them are as follows:

A letter to my wife:

"I have been ordered to defend the Shipai Fortress. The soldiers return to the country by death. It was my duty, so I have nothing to care about. I only care about the poor, the poor, the wives, the children, the villagers, and the loneliness. I had to pay the fate. When the grown-ups grew up, they would still take revenge as soldiers and serve the country as loyalty .... Family can be frugal, when you can have enough food and clothing, and you have a good education for the poor and the ancients. … More than ten years of Rongma career, I have a lot to bear on you. I want to say goodbye now, and I am deeply impressed. Here is a gold watch, a fountain pen, a diary, and a memorial. Take this letter without grief. No pain, a hundred years of life, there is a death in the end, and death is well-deserved, it is just joyful. Hurry and wish treasure. "

A letter to my father:

"Master Father: I am ordered to play the defense of Shipai Fortress, fight alone, the future is unpredictable, but there is no other way to succeed in benevolence ... there is a child to die, and the feelings of adults are comforting ... Yi Qiangfan, that is why the soul of the superhero naughty ... "

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