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What magical killing of the Japanese famous flower "Abe Jixiu"?

Abe Xiuxiu was the first Japanese general to be killed in the history of the War of Resistance against Japan .

One afternoon in late autumn of 1939, the Japanese army entered the ambush circle of the Eighth Route Army in Huangtuling, Wuyuan County, Jinchaji base. The Eighth Route Army discovered that the independent courtyard about 100 meters from the top of the hill was the enemy's command post. The artillery company was quickly dispatched to the mountain, and four artillery shells exploded at the Japanese command post and the observation post. Soon after, Japan's "Asahi Shimbun" published a mourning article for three consecutive days under the headline "The flower of the famous general withered on Mount Taihang." The special report said: "... the enemy's shell suddenly flew to the side and exploded. Abeka Wounded right abdomen and legs ... "

What kind of weapon did you kill Abe Jixiu? A 75 mm mortar produced by Yan Xishan Shanxi Taiyuan Arsenal! It is known as the "three artifacts" of guerrilla resistance against Japan!

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Today, among the heavy collections in the Beijing Military Museum, a non-tall mortar, which holds a prominent display case on its own. Some people say that it is the first arsenal of the Eighth Route Army, "Genzhen Miao Hong", and some people say that it is a booty seized from the Japanese army; some people say that it is the most common 82 mm caliber in China, and some people say it is rare 75 mm caliber; some people also said that it can be called a "beheading weapon" aimed at the Japanese generals ...

From the model of the gun, it belongs to the Stokes style after World War I. Its production time in China was from about 1923 to about 1930. Because the quality and craftsmanship of the gun is very good, it can be judged that it should come from a large and powerful arsenal.

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In the history of the War of Resistance Against Japan and the War of Liberation, 20-type 82 mm mortars have a long history and are the most common in the Chinese army. However, the mortar that killed Abe Jisu was an unusual 75 mm caliber.

In the 1920s and 1930s, the Chinese manufacturers of 75mm mortars were mainly Hanyang Arsenal and Taiyuan Arsenal. The Hanyang Arsenal was successfully made into a 75mm mortar in 1923.

The length of the mortar tube that killed Abe Jixiu reached 135 cm, which is about 18 times the caliber. This is a very large number of mortars, and it should be to shoot higher or farther. In the book "Ammunition Identification" of the North China Military Region printed in 1950, there was a record of "Jin 75 mortar anti-air grenades, also known as antiaircraft mortars".

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Judging from the area where the gun is used, it is the Jinchaji base area. Judging from the anti-Japanese cooperation of the KMT and the Communist Party of China, Yan Xishan of Shanxi supported some outdated and outdated weapons of our army.

Our army also seized some of the weapons of the Japanese Puppet Army. Because the gun is delicately crafted, and the steering wheel of the gun body is wrapped in leather. Wrapping the weapon is a major feature of Japanese weapons, so some people think that the gun was seized by the Japanese invaders. But in the authoritative source, the book "Mortar" by Saburo Sayama, introduced all kinds of guns in great detail, but there was no such 75mm gun.

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Then why would anyone enthusiastically label it from Huangyadong Arsenal? Huangyadong Arsenal located in the deep mountains of Shanxi Province is the first "red arsenal" developed by the Eighth Route Army in the blood and fire fight. It was also the only small artillery production plant at the time. However, the factory was completed and started construction at the end of 1939. It was already 1941 when the Eighth Route Army regular troops were equipped with their own "red mortar".

Putting the mortars that killed Abe Jixiu into our army's self-made "Red Generation" weapons is just a wish that people subjectively load on this "national treasure".

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