在线一本码道高清

It is expected that the battle of the hundred regiments in 7 days will last more than half a year?

From August 20, 1940 to January 24, 1941 (one said December 5, 1940), the Eighth Route Army fought a hundred regiment battle in North China.

From the issuance of preliminary orders on July 22 to the final issuing of operational orders, the Eighth Route Army Headquarters deployed the Battle of Zhengtai with more than 20 regiments. It was not until August 22nd when the Operational Section of the Eighth Route Army Headquarters comprehensively organized the battle situation that Peng Dehuai and Zuo Quan accidentally discovered that a total of 105 regiments participated in the battle. As a result, a brilliant term appeared in the history of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression -the "Hundred Regiments".

The Eighth Route Army Headquarters did not initially stipulate a war period for the Hundred Regiments, but only required one month of food preparation from the date of the troop's preparation order. This can be understood as about one week of combat. Therefore, the combat instruction issued by the 129th Division on August 17th required: "Must guarantee at least five or seven consecutive days of destruction from the next day at 22 o'clock, and strive for a longer time to achieve the destruction mission."

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So why did the Hundred Regiments fight so long?

First of all, the great fighter has extended the combat time.

Within a few days after the fighting began, the Japanese troops in the theater were completely passively beaten, and the Eighth Route Army completely controlled the situation on the battlefield. In order to fight for greater results, on August 24th, "the general order of the magistrate must be broken for at least half a month (15 days)".

On August 26th, the Eighth Route Army abandoned the Lion's Brain Mountain, which had spent seven days and seven nights. The Japanese army in Yangquan began to attack.

On August 28th, the Eighth Route Army abandoned the scramble for Niangziguan. The Japanese army in Hebei began to enter Shanxi.

On August 30, the Japanese army began to implement the "Jinzhong operation". More than 6,000 Japanese troops from the southern part of the country took about 500 people to stop the soldiers and civilians returning from Zhengtai Road to the Taihang Mountain base. They once threatened the northern part of the Chinese Communist Party that was transferred to the Qiangugou Bureau, the Eighth Route Army Field Political Department and the 129th Division Division, the situation began to tense.

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According to changes in the enemy ’s situation, the Eighth Route Army headquarters ordered a full line transfer from the next day on September 2 and all battles ended on September 10.

Second, in order to further expand the results of the war, the second stage of the battle was launched.

The victory in the early stage of the Hundred Regiments led to Peng Dehuai's idea of carrying out the second phase of the battle. He solicited opinions from He Long , Guan Xiangying, Nie Rongzhen, Liu Bocheng, and Deng Xiaoping on August 31, and reported to Mao Zedong, Zhu De, and Wang Jiaxiang. Ask whether it is possible to completely destroy some sections of Zhengtai Road and Tongpu Road, so that the three northwestern bases of Shanxi, Jinchaji, and Taihangshan are united.

This estimate is too optimistic, but it is entirely possible to expand the results. On September 16, 1940, Zhu, Peng, and Zuo jointly issued a combat order for the second phase of the Hundred Regiments. This order requires: (i) to continue to disrupt enemy traffic; and (ii) to return to certain strongholds in our basic base.

On the night of September 20, the second phase of the Battle of the Hundred Regiments started.

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Third, the anti-sweeping campaign and the expansion of political influence prolonged the Hundred Regiments War until late January 1941 and finally ended.

In order to retaliate against the Hundred Regiments, the Japanese army deployed a "destruction war" at the end of September 1940. There are up to 5 divisions, 10 independent mixed brigades, and 1 cavalry brigade incorporated into the battle sequence, and the actual troop strength is about 150,000.

Against this background, the Hundred Regiments War turned into an anti-sweeping stage.

On October 28, the Okazaki Brigade of the 36th Division of Japan entered the Guanjiabang for a time, this place is only more than ten miles from the village of Brick Wall Village, Wuxiang, where the Eighth Route Army headquarters is located. At this time, a total of four regiments of 72, 16, 16, 38, and 25 led by Chen Kun were resting in the area near the headquarters of the Eighth Route Army. As soon as Okazaki Brigade arrived in Guanjiayu, they were surrounded by the Eighth Route Army.

Guan Jiazheng's battle started at 4 am on October 30th. Zhou Xihan , chief of staff of the 386 brigade at the front, said: "After two days and nights of fierce fighting, seventeen or eight fierce assaults were launched, and multiple white-blade combats were finally conducted. Completely occupied the enemy-occupied hills with fortifications. Almost all of the more than 600 people in the Okazaki brigade were annihilated. On the mountain of Guanjiayu alone, the enemy left more than 280 dead bodies and ashes. Three big piles. You can see how badly the enemy has lost. "

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The Eighth Route Army's casualties were also very serious. With the blocking forces, there were more than 600 casualties. The battle of Guan Jiayu became the most criticized battle in the Hundred Regiments.

What cannot be ignored is that the Japanese army couldn't bear the loss of hundreds of people who died in one battle. The day after Guan Jiayu ended, that is, on November 2, the North China Army hurriedly announced the end of the comprehensive "sweep" and Guan Jiayu fighting. Therefore, it became the sign of the end of the main battle of the Hundred Regiments. On December 10th, the Field Political Department of the Eighth Route Army Headquarters released the "Hundred Regiments Battle Summary Report", which actually declared the end of the Hundred Regiments Battle. Because the deadline for the record of statistics is December 5, many people in the historical circles take December 5 as the end of the Hundred Regiments.

Since then, on the one hand, the anti-sweeping battles in the base areas continued; on the other hand, due to the particularly tense relations between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party at this time, Mao Zedong and the Central Military Commission also demanded that "the Hundred Regiments War should not be declared over". As a result, the Eighth Route Army continued to fight against "sweeping" on the one hand, and seized the opportunity to continue to break off the assault and ambush. It was not until the Jan. 24th, 1941, the Northwestern Shanxi Base crushed the Japanese anti-sweeping, that the Hundred Regiments finally ended .

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