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What are the differences between "Book of Bamboo Chronicles" and "Historical Records"? What is the status of "Bamboo Book Chronicles" in today's history?

"Zhu Shu Ji Nian" shocked the historians in that the historical materials recorded in it were not only different in content but also different in value orientation. The Zhushu Chronicle describes the bloody coups and military conflicts that have occurred from the Xia Dynasty to the Warring States Period. According to the "Historical Records", after the Shang Dynasty Taijia was imprisoned by Yi Yin for three years, Yi Yin saw that Taijia was rehabilitated and solemnly Give him the country. After the restoration of Taijia, she painfully accepted the lessons and became a diligent monarch who loved the government and loved the people. However, "Zhu Shu Chronicle" has a different description: After Yi Yin exiled Taijia, he established himself as a king. Seven years later, Taijia sneaked back to kill the usurper Yi Yin, and changed Yi Yin's son Yi Yi And Yi Fen inherited Yi family. Du Yu said, "This is a big difference between" The Book of Shang "and the story of Da Jia. I don't know the old man's death or fainting. This ancient book is also a miscellaneous record at that time, which is not enough for trial."

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The Zhu Shuji years have been scattered since the Han Dynasty. In the Western Jin Dynasty in 279, a tomb of King Wei in Henan Province today was dug and excavated. At the same time, a large number of bamboo slips in the tomb were unearthed. At that time, the state attached great importance to this matter. The Emperor Jin Wu ordered Zhongshu Jian, Zhongshuling and He to translate the bamboo slips (because there is a big difference between Wei Guowen and Qin Guo's Xiaoyan). The length of the bamboo slips is two feet and four inches. Each of the four crosses of the Jane, with thirteen articles, started from the Yellow Emperor [4]. After the emperor Zhou Ping moved to the east, he used the Jin Dynasty, and the three families during the Warring States period used the Wei Dynasty. During the period, he encountered many political disturbances such as the Eight Kings Rebellion. His secretary, Wei Weiheng, was killed while engaged in the "examination of Zheng", which greatly affected the progress of the arrangement, and was continued by Wei Heng's friend Zuo Shulang Shuxi. In the end, the official in charge sorted out the historical records and named them "Bamboo Books". The "Bamboo Book Chronicle" records many things about the Jin and Wei Kingdoms. Generally, this book is regarded as the history of the Wei Kingdom.

Because "Historical Records" uses the chronicle to describe events, the emergence of the Zhu Shu Chronicles can be viewed from another angle, such as "Xia Qi kills Boyi ", "Taijia kills Yi Yin", "Mantin kills the quarterly calendar ", "Gongbo and Gan throne" is very different from the history books. Another example is the "Zhushu Chronicles", which states: "The first year of King Wang, Tian Zaidan was in Zheng ...", which may refer to the early morning of April 21, 899 BC in Zheng (today's Shaanxi Fengxiang or Huaxian) area. The total solar eclipse can be used to infer the true year of the first year of Zhou Zhenwang (some scholars have doubts about this statement). Wang Guowei pointed out in the "Zhushu Chronicles of Today's Bamboo Book" that the six years (776 years before) of the eclipse of Zhou Youwang in this year came from "October" in the Book of Songs and Xiaoya, and "New Tang Book Calendar" "Dayan calendar discusses solar eclipse", this is the eclipse-free solar eclipse record of the Zhou Dynasty and calculation results before the Tang Dynasty .

Record

" Book of Jin · Volume 51 Series · Twenty-first · Shuxi":

At the beginning of the second year of Taikang, the Ji County people were not allowed to steal the tomb of King Wei Xiang , or the King of King Tomb, and got dozens of cars in bamboo books. Thirteen of his "Chronicles" recorded the death of Zhou You from the Xia Dynasty to Zhou Rong , followed by events, and three families, still describing the Wei Dynasty to the 20th year of King Anli. Gao Wei's history books are roughly corresponding to "Spring and Autumn".

Among them, the story is very different, then Yunxia years are more Yin; Yi Qian starts his position and starts to kill it; Taijia kills Yi Yin; Wen Ding kills the quarterly calendar; Perish, there is a Gongbohe who take pictures of the emperor, and non-two-phase republic also.

The two Yijings are the same as the upper and lower classics of Zhouyi. The two chapters "Yi Yang Yin Yang Gua" are slightly the same as "Zhou Yi", but "Ci Ci" is different. An article in the Yi Gua under the Gua is different from the one in the Gua. Two "Gongsun Duan", Gongsun Duan and Shao Xun on "Yi". "Mandarin" three articles, words, Jin things. Three "Names", like "Book of Rites", but also "Erya", "The Analects". One piece of "Shi Chun" and various books of the book "Zuo Zhuan", "Shi Chun" seems to be the name of the book maker. Eleven articles in "Zuoyu", the book of the monsters of the various countries. A piece of "Liang Qiu Zang", first describes the number of the Wei Dynasty, and then said the Qiu Zang gold jade. Two "Books", on the shooting method. An article on "Seal", sealed by the emperor. In "The Big Calendar", Zou Zi talks about the heavens. Five "Mu Tianzi Biography", saying that Zhou Mu King marched around the sea, see Emperor Taiwan and the West Queen Mother. "Picture of Poems", also belongs to painting praise. There are nineteen miscellaneous books: "Zhou Shitian Law", "Book of Zhou", "On Chu", "Death of King Zhou Mu Beauty Shengji" There are seventy-five articles in general, and seven simple books are broken, and the title is unknown.

In the mound, there was another bronze sword, two feet five inches long. The lacquer books are all words. The first tomb mourners burned photos to collect treasures, and they were collected by the government. The embers were simply broken, and the text was incomplete and repeated. Emperor Wudi used his book to pay the secretary's school order, searched for the index, and wrote it in this article. Xia is in the works, and she has a good view of the bamboo books. Qian Shang Shu Lang.

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Attach a "beautiful person":

Shu Xi: Scholars of the Jin Dynasty, Emperor Ji of Jinshu, one of the "Twenty-Four History", was written by him. According to reports, he was a well-known and proficient scholar at the time. He had a calm nature and did not admire fame and wealth. He had written "Xuan Zhuo Shi Yu" to draft "Gu Di Han" and never used knowledge as a tool to win prosperity. Therefore, his academic accomplishments are quite deep. His "The Seven Generations of General History", "Biography of the Three Wei Dynasty", "The Book of Five Classics", "Fengmengji" and other works have been highly respected by later scholars.

Attachment 2 " Sum of the Surname ":

From the "Book of Shuxiu Biography" records, the surname of Shu is a descendant of the Western Han Dynasty, Gao Shi and Han Guang . In the last year of Wang Mang , Meng Da, the great great-grandson, was dissatisfied with Wang Mang's usurpation of government. After "manufacturing the new", Meng Da fled to Shalushan in the East China Sea and changed his family name. The Wangs live in Nanyang County (now Nanyang County, Henan). There are also Shu Shuming: Shu Jia in the Song Dynasty inherited the purpose of Shu Jia, the painter Shu Zonggen in the Yuan Dynasty , and the official Ming Dynasty Wanzai Shu Qing in the Ming Dynasty.

Attachment 3 "Fried Soup Cake":

The article "Tang Bing Fu" of the Jin Dynasty Shuxi said, "Xuandong is extremely cold, the morning meeting, the nose is frozen, and the frost is condensed outside the mouth. The soup is the most devoid of war. It is weak like spring cotton and Bai Ruoqiu. The qi and sorrow are spreading in the air, and the fragrance is scattered and far away. Pedestrians lose their saliva, and Tong Fu looks at it obliquely. He pushes his lips, and the waiters dry their throats. "

Soup cake, now called noodles. Han and Liu used "Release Name" to say: "Bread, and also, noodles make the merger also. Steamer day" steamed cake ", cook day" soup cake "or" boiled cake ", fried day" oil cake " "There is also a kind of baked cake imported from Xicheng, called Hu Bing. By Jin Dynasty, the soup cake had been thin. The scene of soup cake was described in Shu Xizhi's" Fu Fu ":" So Huo Sheng Tang Yong, steaming fiercely, Zhenyi Zhenshang. Grip [change the drowning word into the handle] Fight, the face is higher than the finger, the hands are intertwined, and they are refuted, and the stars are hail. "Shu Xi called soup cake" weak as spring cotton, Bai Ruoqiu practice. "Hou Geng explained" Evil Cake Fu "has the sentence" Wang Sun sighs sighed in the thread, Shu Zi Fu is weaker than Chun Mian ", Fu Xuan" Qi Mo "has "But there is a concubine of the three beasts, and the guests meet. Suddenly swimming and long lead, the thin Yan Yan into the Fei Yu, as fine as the cocoon of the thread, extravagant as the line of Lu Yan, said as thin as the cocoon of the cocoon, extravagant as the line of Zeng Xi, it is already very thin.

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through

In the early years of the Western Jin Dynasty, a major incident occurred in Ji County, Henan Province. A grave robber who was not allowed (pronounced "No") secretly dug up an ancient tomb. After the tomb was opened, because the tomb was dark, and it was inconvenient to find the funeral, he swiped across the floor and felt a piece of bamboo. Pointing at bamboo pieces to take treasures, he didn't find the gold and silver treasures as he expected. The bundles of bamboo pieces appeared in front of him, and he was not disappointed because these things were useless to him. In disappointment, he was very reconciled, so he turned the bamboo piece upside down, took some valuables, and threw it away.

When the villagers saw the opened tomb and scattered bamboo pieces, they informed the government. A few officials came and saw that the bamboo pieces were the same size, with the words on them, and the writing was neat and huge. So I picked up the bamboo pieces and packed them away. Who knows, these bamboo carts have unveiled a shocking and earth-shattering event in Chinese history. This is the "Kizuka Book" and "Bamboo Book Chronicle".

This batch of bamboo slips was transported from Jixian to Luoyang, Beijing. Emperor Jin Wu hit Shu Jian, Zhong Shu Ling, and He to sort it out. The length of the bamboo slips is two feet and four inches, and they are written in ink (or lacquer book, that is, ink book), with 40 characters each. At that time, the bamboo slips were said differently. One was called "Xiaoyu", the other was "Kudo", and the other was "Ancient Chinese", which should be a relatively standard script of the Warring States Period. The finishing work was first ranked second to the bamboo slips, followed by written explanations at the time, and finally written a summary. Through the study of bamboo slips, it was found that the tomb excavated by the grave robbers was the Wei King's grave in the Warring States Period, and the bamboo piece with the word was a previously unknown book, because it was not allowed to be found by the Ji County people when the grave was grave Therefore, these batches of bamboo slips are called Jitsuka Books. "Bamboo Book Chronicle" is the most valuable historical material in "Kizuka Book".

The first-rate scholars of the Western Jin Dynasty sorted out the Jitsuka Books, among which they discovered the history books of Wei Kingdom. This precious history book reappeared in the world is called "Bamboo Chronicle". The name "Bamboo Book Chronicles" certainly has its own truth. It turned out that there was no paper in ancient times. The words are written on bamboo slips. Most of the books are compiled into a book, so it is called bamboo book. Chronology is a compilation of historical events, and it has become a genre of historical books. This so-called "Bamboo Book Chronology" indicates that it is a historical book.

Although everyone agrees that Jitsuka was discovered because of grave stealing, there has been controversy in the historical circles about the time when Jitsuka was unearthed. One is Xianning five years (279), which is represented by "Jinshu · Wu Diji", as well as "Khan Jane Syllabus" and Zhang Huai's "Book Break".

Another term is the first year of Taikang (280). The earliest such term was the post-interpretation of the Spring and Autumn Scriptures by Du Yu, a university scholar at the time. . The "Beitang Book Notes" volume 101 quotes Wang Yin's "Jin Shu", the current "Jin Shu · Wei Heng Biography", "Jin Shu · Li Chronicles" and " Sui Shu · Jing Ji Chronicles" all share this view.

There is also a saying that in the second year of Taikang (281), the prince who presided over the collection of Jitsuka published this view in the "Preface" written for another book, "Biography of Mu Tianzi". · Shuxi Biography and Taiping Yulan also support this view. In addition, Taikang's Ten Years of Great Emperor Lu Wangbei's "Waibei Monument", which made Fan Yanglu stand up for ten years, said the same thing.

Taikang's early years were more credible. It is very likely that Taikang was not allowed to dig up Jitsu in the first year, and the Jitsuka book was turned over to the government for two years in Taikang.

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Ruins

10 kilometers southwest of Jixian County Town (now Weihui City), Xinxiang City, Henan Province, south of Sunniang Village, Niangangmiao Temple (Village), another saying is in Daliliang Village, Zancheng Town, Southwest of Huixian City. ). Because of the cemetery in Ji (the ancient name of Ji County in Ji County). Tombs during the Warring States Period. There are seven places (numbered by east, west, and five elements from east to west). During the two years of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (AD 281), the people of Ji County were not allowed to steal the tomb of "Gold" No. 3 in the tomb of King Wei Xiang (or King Yan Tomb), and received dozens of cars in bamboo books. "Bamboo Chronicles" is the earliest chronicle book in China (which has been controversial in academic circles). It was one of the four major discoveries in Chinese cultural history. It is a county-level cultural relics protection unit.

As for who is the owner of the Tomb of Izuka, there are different opinions. The Ji County of the Jin Dynasty is now southwest of the Ji County of Henan Province. During the Warring States Period, it was a fiefdom of Wei. According to "Jin Shu · Wu Di Ji", "Luli Calendar", "Mu Tianzi Biography", Wei Heng's "Four-body Book Potential", King Wei Xiang is the tomb owner. Wang Yin's Biography of Shushu of the Book of Jin believed that the tomb owner should be King Wei Anli. To this day, there is no clear conclusion on this issue.

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