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What writing theories does Xu Xusheng have? What historical excavations were involved
Fun history2019-03-11 10:58:41 Li Ji, Jia Lanpo De Rijin , Su Bingqi, Gao Benhan

Xu Xusheng was awarded the Medal on behalf of the King of Sweden for his outstanding organization and leadership of the delegation. Our government has developed a set of commemorative stamps for this inspection-this is the first time that our country has issued commemorative stamps for academia.

The second half of Xu Xusheng worked hard in the field of history. In 1933, he went to Xi'an and organized the Shaanxi Archeological Society, the first archeological institution in the Northwest. He has been excavating the Baoji Doujitai site for several years. He has written academic papers such as "Archaeological Investigation Report near the Weihe River in Shaanxi Province" and " Neolithic Sites Recently Discovered in Shaanxi Province".

From 1932, he began to explore the formation of the Chinese nation, devoted himself to studying the legends of Chinese ancient history, and authored the book "The Legendary Times of Chinese Ancient History". He believes that the division of ancient Chinese tribes can be roughly divided into three groups: Huaxia, Dongyi , and Nanman. The three major groups fought against each other, and later coexisted peacefully, and finally assimilated completely, gradually forming the Han people . Three major changes have taken place: First, the Huaxia and Dongyi ethnic groups have gradually assimilated; China, which is lined with clans, has gradually merged to form several major tribes. Second, the emergence of Gao Yang after the death of Huangdi . This is the end of the national society. Productive forces have developed, the rich and the poor are divided, and labor and labor are divided. . Third, after Dayu ruled the water, the clan system gradually disintegrated and became a stereotyped and organized kingdom.

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The first dynasty in our history, the Xia Dynasty, was established as early as the end of the 22nd century BC. But for a long time, the Xia Dynasty was a big gap in archeology. Xu Xusheng based on the literature, after careful and careful research, clearly pointed out in the article "Study on the Study of Xia Cultural Issues", there are two areas that should be paid special attention: First, the Luoyang Plain in the western Henan region and the surrounding Songshan, especially the Laoshuigu The upper reaches of Dengfeng and Yuxian; the second is the lower reaches of Fenshui in the southwestern part of Shanxi Province. In the summer of 1959, Xu Xusheng, a 72-year-old, went to the western region of Henan to conduct a field survey of the "Xiaxu". Preliminary Report on the Investigation of 'Xiaxu' in Western Henan.

In the spring of 1964, he personally visited the Erlitou site in Yanshi to specifically guide the excavation work of the site. During the inspection, he refused to take care of the local government . Every time he went, he took a small roll of bedding and sat with the young people on a seat. , Live in a shed, eat ordinary food, miss the meal time, buy some sweet potato glutinous rice, often walk more than 40 miles a day. Once in heavy rain, people advised him to take a big car. He didn't agree and insisted to take off his shoes and walk on the muddy road. No matter how tired during the day, he insisted on recording the investigation gains and experiences under the kerosene lamp at night in detail. His fearlessness, hard work, and ambition for the scientific cause grew older and stronger. Thereafter, Erlitou, Gaocheng, Xiafeng, Taosi and other sites were successively excavated. At present, more than a hundred sites have been discovered in the Erlitou culture , and one or twenty sites have been officially excavated, achieving great archeological results. Xu Xusheng is indeed a pioneer in the exploration of Xia culture.

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Mr. Xu's spirit is profound. Huang Shilin, who worked with him for many years, wrote in Mr. Xu Xusheng's Biography: "Xu Lao's life is hard-working, hard-working and well- read . He is a profound scholar. He is decent, upright, sincere, simple, everywhere. It is our example. His kind and kind scholar style, hard work for academic research, serious and responsible work, rigorous and pragmatic scholarship, can be called a model of a generation, is an example we will always learn. "

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