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What research results does Meng Wentong have? What kind of theory does he have in history
Fun history2019-03-11 13:34:18 Xu Xusheng Li Ji Jia Lanpo De Rijin Su Bingqi

Buddhism

Mengwen Tongzhi Buddhism originated from the great debate in modern and ancient Chinese in the early 1920s. After graduating from the Sichuan Ancient School in 1918, Meng Wentong returned to his hometown of Yanting to make a living as a private servant, and continued to study classic history in the ruined temple for three years. After the May 4th Movement , China set off a new cultural revolution. New cultural cadres represented by Lu Xun and Chen Duxiu will have fierce debates with Xueheng and other academics such as Wu Yue and Zhang Shizhao . In this controversial dispute, Meng Wentong couldn't choose, so he resigned from the posts of Chongqing Fulian Middle School and Chongqing Provincial Second Women's Normal School. "Study between Wu Yue, visit the major historians, and discuss with Zhang Taiyan about ancient and modern times. Rheology, and Ouyang regardless of the influence of the Buddhist scriptures. " In the long-term study tour, Meng Wentong still had difficulty choosing between the two. But recognizing the deep subconscious influence of Buddhism in Chinese thought, Meng Wentong stayed in the "Zinanai College" that Ouyang did not have. Concentrated on the study of Buddhism, from 1923 to 1927, as long as four years. In this issue, Meng Wentong and Tang Yongtong, Xiong Shili, and Lu Cheng spent time with each other, arguing with each other. Although there are different theories, they are very different, even the tit-for-tat, but this has a very important role in the study of the Buddhist literature of Mongolian Tong.

In the long-term "gossip" and "controversy", Meng Wentong was able to bypass the roots of each school's argument and the process of its argumentation, thereby making his system more precise and rigorous, so that few people could reach it at the time in Buddhist studies. Ouyang hoped for Meng Wentong for this reason, hoping that he would inherit the mantle to study Buddhism. "Improved and finished (" Zhongyongzhuan "), send this first. But my brother can know that the person talks about it, and wants to reach it quickly .... Quanquan view line, a trace of Jiuding; continue to be difficult, Germany If you are alone, you can also be sad! "" Confucianism, talking about the beginnings, and immense events, I hope my brother's followers will tell stories. "After Meng Wentong left the" Inner Academy, "Ouyang actually wrote and asked questions. I hope that "to cut the window candle and write a talk together", "How can I never leave my word for years!"

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Not disappointing that Ouyang had no hope, Meng Wentong made major breakthroughs in Buddhism. Ouyang was overjoyed after reading his "Chinese Zen Examination" and "New Insight", and read it again, sometimes indignantly writing between the manuscripts and sometimes writing on the manuscript paper. Later, both articles written by Meng Wentong were published in the first issue of the academic journal "Inner Learning", immediately after Ouyang Jingwu's "Dharma" and "Mindology".

Historical literature

In classics and literature, Meng Wentong showed a deep foundation in Sichuan Canggu School as early as possible. In 1914, Meng Wentong's " Confucius Classics of the Ancients" wrote strokes that penetrated into the roots of the old history and the Six Classics, thus discerning the differences and thus unlocking the crux of scholars' debates on the two in the future. Meng Wentong's unique insight was praised by his teacher Liao Ping: "Wen Tongwen is like a bucket bottom off. Admire! Admire! Everyone will become everyone later." After that, Meng Wentong wrote successively "A Brief Discussion on Sinology in the Past Twenty Years", "The Origin of Confucian Classics", "Tian Wen itself", "History of Zhou Qin Nationality", "History of Chinese Historiography", " Archaeological Zhenwei", "Development of Confucian Political Thought", "The Evolution of Moxue and Its Principles", etc. Monograph.

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As for the history of the classics, Meng Wentong has always regarded it as the history of the longitude and latitude. The two and literature overlap each other to form a torrent of history. His writings and arguments often use classics to rule history, and historical notes to each other overlap each other and make each other stand out and become interesting. In 1968, Meng Wentong's "Yueshi Series Examination" published a detailed reference to more than 130 kinds of ancient documents and materials, with history and mutual evidence. This article explores the origin, development, expansion, and weakening of Vietnam from twelve perspectives. The argument is rigorous, the information is detailed, and it is very convincing. In the early 1980s, the Vietnamese authorities instructed their domestic scholars to write "Ancient Vietnam History" with a view to finding an excuse for invading our country. In 1984, the Zhonghua Book Company was about to publish the materials of the "Yue History Series" written by Meng Wentong. The public opinion effect produced by the book "Ancient Vietnam History" disappeared.

Mr. Meng Wentong's most important historical thought is "to gain a thorough understanding and understand its changes". He believes that history is a development and change. The task of a historian is to point out traces of historical change and reveal the reasons for development. In practice, Mr. Meng Wentong focused on exploring the reasons for historical development from the study of socio-economic history. The article "Expansion of Agricultural Production and Evolution of Enlistment System and Academic Thought in China" is a masterpiece of the "History of Ming Dynasty".

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In his later years, Mr. Meng Wentong devoted himself to the study of national history and local history, and proposed that Kunlun should be a cultural center of the ancient times. He believed that the Bashu culture was gradually spreading from the west to the east, and the Chu culture was also influenced by the Bashu culture. Famous academic opinion of the product. Here, it is worth a great book that, as a historian, Mr. Meng Wentong, with a sense of responsibility for safeguarding the noble interests of the Chinese nation, used his last four years to write a monograph on the history of the ancient Baiyue ethnic group The History of Yueshi Series. This is a book full of real patriotism, and its achievements mark a new level of research on the history of ancient nationalities in China. In addition, there are dozens of monographs and academic papers such as "Ancient Land Zhenwei", "Five Theories of Confucianism", "Ten Kinds of Taoist Schools", "Analysis of Ancient History of Bashu", "Pre-Qin Ethnic Minority Studies" and so on. In ancient history, ancient geography, ancient nations, ancient academics, ancient religions and many other fields, he left very rich results for posterity. In addition, there are hundreds of thousands of manuscripts yet to be published.

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