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What about Meng Wentong? How does it affect China
Fun history2019-03-11 13:38:58 Xu Xusheng Li Ji Jia Lanpo De Rijin Su Bingqi

Meng Wentong is a student of Liao Ping, a well-known classicist in modern times. His revision, play and development of Liao Ping's classics have revealed his revelation and interpretation of the ideal system and ideological essence of modern writers.

Revision development

Historically, the study of classics in the Han Dynasty was divided into classics of classics and classics of classics. Liao Ping, a well-known modern scholar of modern classics, advocated the distinction between modern and ancient learning by the "ritual system". His classics was the peak in the history of classics. As a student of Liao Ping, Meng Wentong not only inherited Liao Ping's doctrine, but also revised, developed and developed it.

Liao Ping mainly distributes modern literature by region and ancient literature mainly by classics. His division is not scientific and standardized. To this end, Meng Wentong revised Liao Ping's statement of distinguishing between ancient and modern schools.

Meng Wentong believes that Jin Xue accounted for most of the composition of ancient literature, in addition to books in the wall and scholarship spread to the people.

Meng Wentong pointed out: "Six Arts" is the study of the Lu people, "Guliang" is the study of Lu, Lu is the authenticity of the "Six Classics", is a martial art of the Confucian doctrine, and is true to the old, to the teacher, and pure Confucianism. "Fu Sheng Shang Shu", " Xiahou Shang Shang Shu", " Tian He Yi", "Liang Qiu Yi", "Lu Shi", " Hou Shi Li" are all Lu Xue.

According to Meng Wentong, Emperor Hanwu ’s exclusive Confucianism, which is not true Confucianism, has changed its flavor. This Confucianism abandons the ideals of Confucianism and the true meaning of Confucianism. People who teach the true ideals of Confucianism are in danger of life. They can only enter the state of secret to spread, and thus form the study of the Weishu in the Han Dynasty. However, the dissemination of today's literature has not disappeared. The Confucian "weak words and great meanings" have gradually shifted from secret transmission to practice, and the "revolutionary" thoughts in the "Qi Shi" of modern literature and Jingfang "Yi Zhuan" have entered Taoism . Become the guiding ideology of the Yellow Turban Uprising .

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Explain meaning

Meng Wentong's greatest contribution to the study of Jinwenjing is: he summarized the main systems of contemporary literature into five types, and conducted a detailed analysis, which revealed the essence and significance of modern literature thought. Meng Wentong believes that modern and contemporary literature in the Han Dynasty is divided into internal and external studies. The internal study contains Confucian "weak words and great meanings". External studies not only betrayed the revolutionary ideas of modern literature, but also did not study the "ritual system". "Ghostly without knowing its source", plunged into the cumbersome philosophy of "analysing words, talking about words ", this style of study has had a profoundly bad influence in history. Meng Wentong did not follow the path of Kang Youwei , but moved forward along the academic direction of Liao Ping. He focused on analyzing the ideal system of modern literature, and revealed the revolutionary and progressive nature of modern literary thought through the analysis of its ideal system. Greatly enriched the connotation of modern literary thought.

Main source

Meng Wentong believes that the Mohism and the Fahism have the greatest influence on modern literature.

First of all, the modern writer's progressive thought is deeply influenced by the Mohist thought, and its influence mainly has the following aspects: the "literary thought" of the modern writer comes from the Mohist; the central "modern hall" of the ideal system of the modern writer is also the source Yu Mojia; the most notable modern scholars have learned from the Datong theory in "Li Yun"; the "Su Wang" theory originated from the Mojia; the "filial piety" thought also originated from the Mojia.

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Secondly, Meng Wentong also believes that the literature of the Han Dynasty also absorbed the ideas of the Legalists. That is to say, literary scholars have absorbed the thought of the legalists against "hereditary nobility" because the hereditary system is opposed to the "uniform equality" thought; secondly, they have also absorbed the "great unification" and "respecting the king" of the legalists. Aspects of thinking.

Therefore, from the perspective of Meng Wentong, since the literature of today has absorbed the ideas of various families, it has developed and summarized the thoughts of pre-Qin Confucianism and philosophers, the most significant of which is the absorption of the ideas of Mohist and Legalists; , Attach importance to the system, detailed in the system. As a result, the thought of today's literature is richer, more ambitious, more comprehensive, and more specific, thus adapting to the requirements of the society and history at that time and meeting the needs of the rulers of the time. This is not only necessary for its historical development, but also for its inherent logical basis.

As can be seen from the above, on the basis of inheriting Liao Ping's Confucian classics, Meng Wentong has "corrected" it, developed it, and has its own "independent" things from Liao Ping. These "corrected" and "independent" departments The contribution is Meng Wentong's contribution to the Jinwenjing Research Institute.

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