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What is the truth of the "Chibi Battle"? Why do some people say that it was Cao Cao's voluntary withdrawal?
Fun history2019-11-04 18:22:17 Sun Xiu Chengji Duan Sun Jun

What is the truth of the " Chibi Battle "? Why is it said that Cao Cao took the initiative to withdraw? The interesting historical editor will provide you with detailed relevant content.

The Battle of the Red Cliff is a classic battle in the history of our country. Whether it is the wonderful level of the battle or the significance of the war, it has become a topic of discussion. The Chibi poems written by Su Shi, a great writer in the Song Dynasty, are even more popular. As for the pen and ink that later generations spent on this war, they are even more numerous.

In the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties, Luo Guanzhong almost turned the battle of the Red Cliff into a big stage to show Zhu Geliang's personal talents in his novel The Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Zhuge Liang was deliberately beautified, even myth. He first persuaded Sun Quan to form an alliance, and then the straw boat used arrows to solve Zhou Yu's difficulties. Then he cooperated with Pang Tong and Huang Gai in the Battle of the Red Cliffs and burned out Cao Cao's fleet with a serial meter. "Borrow Dongfeng" special skills.

Of course, there is no such thing as a chain in history. So why did Cao Cao lose so badly in the Battle of Chibi?

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We still look for the answer from the history book "Three Kingdoms" and see what happened on the battlefield of Chibi at that time.

In Cao Cao's biography, Chen Shou recorded: "It is not good to go to Chibi, and to prepare for war. So the epidemic, the officials are dead, but the army is returned." This sentence clearly tells us that Cao Cao and Liu Bei fought in Chibi, The unfavorable situation, coupled with the outbreak of the plague, killed many soldiers.

And we look at Liu Bei's biography, which reads: "Fight with Cao Gong in Chibi, break it big, and burn its boat. The first master marched with Wu Jun by water and land, chased South County, and became ill, and the Northern Army died. "It is not difficult to see that in the Battle of the Red Cliff, Liu Bei defeated Cao Cao and burned his warship. Liu Bei and Sun Quan joined forces to pursue Cao Cao with victory. However, the house leak happened to be rainy. Cao Jun suffered a plague and suffered heavy casualties.

In the biography of Zhou Yu, who is in charge of the battle of Soochow, the battle was detailed. "Quan Suiyu and Cheng Pu and other forces were able to defeat Cao Gong and encountered Chibi. At that time, Cao Gong's army had disease. The first day of the war, the army defeated, leading Jiangbei." In other words, at the beginning of the battle in Chibi Cao Jun, who went south, was infected with the plague because of dissatisfaction with soil and water, and the combat effectiveness of the troops declined. As soon as the war began, Sun Liu Lianjun went on to victory and achieved a good start. Cao Cao was forced to return to the north bank of the Yangtze River because of a bad start.

Cao Cao was in Jiangbei, and Sun and Liu Lianjun were in Jiangnan. If the war of attrition is to be fought, Cao Cao will never lose to Sun Liu Lianjun who only occupied Jiangdong with the strength of the army and the strength of the northern support.

Faced with this situation, "The Ministry of Yu said that Huang Gai said: 'The Kou people today are weak, difficult and long-lasting. However, watching the warships are connected end to end, they can burn and go.'"

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At this point, the historical record is quite clear-the fire plan was proposed by Huang Gai.

The description of the novel is Zhou Yu and Huang Gai's bitter plan, Cao Cao believed it. Later, Huang Gai sailed to Cao Ying on the fireboat "filled with saliva, anointed with oil, wrapped in curtains, and built flags" in accordance with the discussion with Cao Cao in advance.

But it was: "Covering the ships and catching fire at the same time. When the wind was fierce, Siyan burned and camped on the shore. In a short time, Yan Yan Zhang Tian, the horses burned and drowned many people, the army then retreated, and Baonan County." When Huang Gai let the fireboats go together, the strong wind just blown up, so the fire used the wind and the wind to help the fire, and the fire affected the camp account on the shore.

However, in "Jiangbi Biography", there is another saying. In this book written by Yu Jin, a Jin person, Cao Cao wrote a letter to Sun Quan, saying that "the battle of the Red Cliffs was worthy of illness, and the solitary burnt ship retreated, which made Zhou Yu falsely obtain this name." According to this statement, Cao Cao burned the ship himself when retreating to avoid being taken away by Sun Quan. However, the article later stated that this was because "Yu's prestige was far away, so Cao Gong and Liu Beixian were suspicious."

From these records in the history books, we can see that the main reason for Cao Cao's fiasco defeat in Chibi was the following.

Most of Cao Jun's soldiers came from the north and were impermeable to water warfare. After a long-distance attack, Cao Bing did not adapt to the soil and climate of the south, so he was infected with a large-scale plague, which directly caused a large number of soldiers to die and died, which greatly weakened Cao Cao's combat effectiveness.

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Sun Liu Lianjun has a convenient position. Most of their soldiers were born and raised in Jingzhou and Jiangdong. They have long studied water warfare. In addition, Liu Bei, Zhou Yu, and other military commanders can only excel. As soon as they fight, they will have an opportunity to drive Cao Cao back to the North Shore, thus mastering the initiative in combat. If Cao Cao was not allowed to retreat from the North Shore at the beginning, the follow-up fire plan would naturally not be implemented, and it would be almost difficult for Sun Liu Lianjun to achieve the ultimate victory.

Huang Gai put forward the correct fire attack strategy and implemented it perfectly. Winning or losing a battle, the strategy of warfare is very important. Long living in Jiangdong, Huang Gai is familiar with the characteristics of the water station and the climate on the river. When Cao Jun was attacked by fire, a strong wind blew up the river. If Huang Gai's fire plan was a godsend, it would be successful in one stroke.

Cao Cao's fiasco defeat is definitely not due to the fact that Cao Cao is inferior to others, but due to the specific circumstances.

In the Battle of Chibi, the Wushu Alliance picked up development opportunities in vain.

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