Today, the interesting history editor will bring you the story behind the Sino-Japanese War of 1894. I hope it will be helpful to everyone.
As we all know, in the late Qing Dynasty, China had become a semi - colonial and semi -feudal society. What does this mean? The Qing Dynasty in this period seemed to be unified and complete on the surface, but actually some of its sovereignty was lost. As a shaky Daqing ruler, a woman headed by Cixi had extravagant life. The rule of the Qing dynasty belonged to "fire fighting everywhere", and the " demolition of the eastern wall to fill the western wall " has been hard to come by.
Fighting Jackals with Remnants
The troubled Qing Dynasty became a semi-colonial colony of the powers. The powers adhered to the standard of "you give me money, and I will not beat you", and acted as a blessing on the Qing dynasty. Under such circumstances, Japan, the Asian powerhouse that has risen since the Meiji Restoration , saw it. With the exhaustion of Japan's resources and the shortcomings of its geographical limitations exposed, Japan decided to "take a shot and turn bicycles into motorcycles." Japan came with a big gamble, betting on Japan ’s National Games, and battling the Qing government that “upper the kingdom of heaven”, the future was promising, and the defeat was stagnant.
In the face of Japan ’s desperate fighting, the Qing government first felt the threat of a small country from the “projectile” land. At this time, they realized that this “country” that had been subordinated to their own for many years was now so fierce. However, the Qing dynasty also wanted to save face, and the powers were not enough to defeat the enemy. Couldn't Japan still fight? So the Qing government decided this time to compete with the invading Japanese army.
"Lean dead camel is bigger than horse"
There is a saying in China: "Thin dead camels are bigger than horses". This is why the powers only dared to turn China into a semi-colonial colony. Although Japan has developed well in the recent days, it is still too tender compared to the Qing Dynasty. .
Why do you say that? Because Japan's national strength was not dominant compared to the Qing Dynasty at that time, and it was far behind the Qing Dynasty. If we simply compared the national output value, the disparity was even greater. At that time, the Qing government had an annual gross national income of more than 3 billion taels of silver, a figure that Japan couldn't reach. The total annual revenue of the Japanese government is about 50 million yuan, and the total annual revenue of the Qing government is more than 70 million yuan. This figure seems that Japan is indeed very strong, but the Qing government has other income of more than 300 million yuan.
Where did these other incomes go? Why wasn't the war used in the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War? This was the reason for the rapid defeat of the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War.
At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, fiscal power was vested in the central government. As the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement began, the four quarters of the army became insufficient . This scene seems to have met, yes, it is exactly the scene after the Yellow Turban Army uprising in the late Eastern Han Dynasty.
In the Qing dynasty under successive years of war, local officials took charge of their own affairs, and when they collected taxes, the locality began to hide some unreported items, accumulating their own strength and small treasuries. These hidden wealth was obtained from the Qing government's national gross national income, that is, the "other" income mentioned earlier. These incomes fell into the small coffers of local officials. The Qing government did not even know that they existed, and even if they knew it, they could not collect them.
Even so, with 70 million versus 50 million, the Qing government still had an advantage in fighting Japan. But something unexpected happened at this time. When Beiyang Marine Division prepared for the war, the 2,3 million silvers applied to the Ministry of Households only approved 1.5 million pairs, and the 1.5 million pairs were still not delivered to the front line until the war started. All in place, only the 180,000 silvers given at the start of the war. This number is a ridiculous number. In those years, Yao Yao beat a nomadic people far more than the military expenditure of this number.
The war was fought for national strength, not to mention the military equipment of the Beiyang Marine Division and Japan. Just this figure of military expenditure makes this war a joke. "The soldiers and horses did not move, the grain and grass came first ." However, the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War in the Sino-Japanese War did the opposite. The war began immediately, and the meal was not yet settled the next day. Who would like to fight such a war? People, under such circumstances, fought fiercely against the Japanese invaders. This also gave Japan a powerful blow, which made Japan a little panicked. They did not expect that the Qing Dynasty, which the powers arbitrarily manipulated, was so stubborn. Knowing this, they would never dare to fight the whole country to wage this war.
Personal "corruption" of the Qing government
At the first glance of the Qing government, the Sino-Japanese naval battle far exceeded expectations. In this way, once they were defeated, their dominance would not be maintained. At this time, the Qing government saw that it was involved in its own interests, and quickly raised funds to make use of it. All in all , he only supported 30 million silver in the entire war. Japan consumed as much as 80 million yuan, and Japan's ultimate budget was an astonishing 160 million yuan. The original number was nothing to the Qing Dynasty. Unfortunately, the corrupt Qing government went to the end and eventually defeated and surrendered.
Japan obtained an unexpected and horrific victory. When it learned that the Qing government surrendered, it was very excited. When the " Maguan Treaty " was signed, the Japanese took a long breath and Cixi also long Breathed. The Japanese sighed a sigh of relief. This time they gambled and finally won with no surprise. After receiving huge compensation, this wave of aggression was not lost. Ci Xi sighed with relief, she saw Japan accepted the surrender, and it was nothing to take some money, as long as Japan did not break into Beijing to destroy her Qing ruling regime. It would be fine to get more money, and then squeeze the people.
Why do you understand the Qing government of Cixi so well? It is not unreasonable suspicion. There are 230 million indemnities in the "Maguan Treaty." Everyone knows, but what you may not know is that 80 million two silvers are needed by the Qing government. Only pay within six months. In other words, the Qing government had money to pay, but the front line of support for the war only took out 30 million yuan in such a long time, which made people angry.
What if the Qing government did not surrender?
The Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War was a "marathon" in the war world. This was a war of endurance and a war of national power.
If he would rather die, the results would not be very good. Japan still has a lot of budget military expenditures, but the Qing government at this time was corrupt and could not afford a penny to support the national war. If it continues, Japan will land, and Cixi will choose to run away, or choose to relocate the capital, as the Eight-Power Allied Forces entered the Forbidden City. In short, she will flee and desert the people.
When Japan landed, their purpose was to grab money, to grab a lot of money. This can be seen when the Eight-Power Allied Forces entered Beijing. Japan is the country that steals the most money because the fundamental reason for the Japanese war was lack of resources and money. . Basically, the resistance to Japan can only be relied on the strength of the people to reduce it to zero . To put it bluntly, if the Sino-Japanese War continued, the "comprehensive anti-Japanese war " would come earlier, and the world situation at this time would be " Different from the Second World War, Japan ’s strategy of supporting war by war may not be as smooth as during the Second World War. After all, the interests of China involve multinational powers. Naturally, they will not stand by and let Japan become the dominant country. You can see it. "
If Japan cannot rob a large amount of silver and resources to return to the country after the landing war, Japan may not be able to continue at this time. After all, Japan ’s domestic conflicts are heavy. If the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War becomes a protracted war, Japan may end up withdrawing from China under the restraint of the powers, and will never recover.
The essence of Cixi's surrender
Qing Dynasty weak and incompetent? No, the Qing Dynasty's years of rule and the expansion of the territory of the Qing Dynasty said that the Qing Dynasty was weak and incompetent, saying that Cixi was useless for nothing.
We should be soberly aware that Queen Mother Cixi is not a stupid woman. She has shown her brilliance for more than 40 years. She chose to surrender not to see the domestic situation in Japan, nor to the fact that she will eventually defeat Japan. It was just that Ci Xi was too selfish and chose to give up the national justice for his own selfish benefit.
The Qing government ’s desperate struggle to defeat Japan will eliminate a great enemy for the Chinese nation and the world. In this way, Cixi cannot be considered a hero. Only in this way, Ci Xi, who was originally high, would lose her current status and lose control of China in the chaos. Ci Xi did not understand what would happen after the war continued, but he was too clear that he would What is lost.
Maybe in the view of Empress Dowager Cixi, she enjoys one day and enjoys one day. As for the future of the Chinese nation, she naturally does not have to worry about it. This mess is left to future generations.
In summary, if the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War in the Sino-Japanese War continues, Japan is likely to be trapped in the quagmire of war in China and unable to extricate itself under the restraint of the major powers. Eventually, domestic conflicts will erupt and they will never recover. Cixi will lose its dominance of China in a chaotic situation, and the Qing government is likely to die prematurely as a result.
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