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Did the battle of Changping Zhao Guo fail because he faced Qin? What was Zhao Wuling's original plan?
Fun history2019-12-13 17:02:47 Fan Chizai to Duanmu Cizhong by Confucius

Today's interesting history editor brought you the battle of Changping. What is the reason for the failure of Zhao Guo ? I hope it can help you.

After Zhao Wuling Wang Hu served his horse, he extended his forces to the Yunzhong and Jiuyuan areas to the west through Linhu and Loufan. This has threatened the Hetao area, thus putting pressure on Qin from the north. In response to the weak defense in the northern part of Qin Kingdom, King Zhao Wuling formulated a plan to send surprise soldiers from Jiuyuan and the clouds and launch a surprise attack on Xianyang to destroy Qin in one fell swoop. Then, in the battle of Changping, if Zhao Guo took the confrontation with Qin Army and adopted the plan of King Zhao Wuling, could he defeat Qin Guo?

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King Zhao Wuling formulated the strategy of destroying the Qin Dynasty.

Zhao Guo has taken the lead in forming strong cavalry among the nations since Zhao Wuling Wang Hufu rode and shot, and his military strength has been greatly improved. The powerful Zhao Guo included Fei Yi, Lou Wen , Xi Xiangru , Yu Qing , Zhao Sheng , Zhao She , Lian Po , Li Mu, and other well- known men , and his national strength steadily improved; outside the west, he broke through forests and husses, and Lou Fan, and North destroyed Zhongshan, extension of a thousand miles.

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The rapid rise of Zhao Guo after Hu Fu riding and shooting can be said to have completely unexpected all countries in the world. And Zhao Guo ’s external expansion is also very European strategic skills. Due to geographical reasons and the melee of the Central Plains countries at the time, Zhao Guo did not want to be involved in this melee, so after the destruction of Zhongshan , he will mainly expand. In the north, it not only acquired a large amount of land through Xibo Linhu and Loufan, but also extended its influence to Yunzhong and Jiuyuan, putting pressure on Qin from the north.

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In 299 BC, King Zhao Wuling passed the throne to his son Zhao He, claiming to be the master, and began to set aside other state affairs and concentrate on planning military affairs. After the rise of Zhao Guo, the duel between Qin and Zhao was inevitable, so the battle between the two sides never stopped. The return of Zhao and Wuchi to the meeting was a trial and error between Qin and Zhao.

It is for this reason that King Zhao Wuling formulated a plan to destroy the Qin Dynasty, that is, the soldiers divided into two routes, and the suspected soldiers went all the way to the Hangu Pass to attract the attention of the Qin country. Quickly defeated Qin Guo. Even if the Qin Dynasty cannot be destroyed for a while, the Qin Kingdom can be re-created, and then other countries can be summoned to jointly destroy the Qin Dynasty.

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In order to ensure the success of the plan, King Zhao Wuling also personally entered Qin in 298 years ago to visit the surrounding terrain of Xianyang and the situation of the monarchs and rulers of Qin Kingdom. Unfortunately, before the plan of King Zhao Wuling had been implemented, he was starved to death amidst the Dune Palace changes in the first 295 years.

If Zhao Guo adopts this strategy in the battle of Changping, it is actually difficult to defeat Qin Guo

So, what if Zhao Guo adopted this strategy during the battle of Changping? Yi Lianpo confronted Wang Qin in Changping, and then attacked the hinterland of Qin Kingdom from Jiuyuan and the clouds. Can he defeat Qin Kingdom? Still extremely difficult for the following reasons:

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1. In terms of terrain, it is difficult to surprise the place in Guanzhong. Xianyang, the capital of the Qin Kingdom, is located in the Guanzhong area, and the Guanzhong area of the Qin Kingdom is a place of four congestions. The Hangu Pass in the east, Wuguan in the southeast, Dasan Pass in the west, and Xiaoguan in the northwest firmly lock the Guanzhong area. It is difficult for foreign enemies to invade the Guanzhong area. Although Qin Guo ’s defense in the north was weak since he destroyed the Yiqu, due to the fact that Zhao ’s surprise attack was mostly a cavalry, it was difficult to break Xiao Guan stuck in the main traffic lane, and even if Xiao Guan broke down, it was equivalent to losing. Stunning effect.

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2. In terms of military strength, there is not much difference between the military strength of Qin Zhao and Qin Zhao. Although the final battle scale of the Changping Battle reached one million people, during the early confrontation, both Qin Zhao and Zhan Zhao did not go all out. When Zhao Guo replaced Lian Po, he had brought 200,000 reinforcements and replaced them with nothing. Wang Yunshi also brought about 200,000 reinforcements. If you count Zhao's garrison, then Zhao should be able to withdraw about 300,000 troops to launch a surprise attack on Qin, and Qin can also mobilize no fewer than Zhao to resist, and Qin also occupies Advantages of home combat.

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3. As for the coach, Zhao Guo is likely to be at a disadvantage. If a surprise attack on Qin State is to be carried out, the Changping battlefield must continue to be handsome with Lian, otherwise it will be difficult to resist the attack of Qin State. Who should be selected as a surprise attack general? Le Yi and Tian Dan have been rare in historical materials since 270 At this time, it is very likely that he has passed away, and Li Mu is not yet famous at the Yanmen Pass (maybe he has not yet served in the army), so Zhao Guo can be said to have no generals available, should he use Zhao Kuo ? And Qin Guo At this time, there has not been a change of generals, but there are still Bai Qi, Meng Yan and others in the country. Zhao Guo is likely to be at a disadvantage in terms of coach.

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4. In terms of logistics, Zhao Guo and Qin Guo are far apart. We know that the reason why Zhao Guo changed coaches in the battle of Changping was largely due to the pressure of food supply. Compared with Qin Guo, who has two major food producing areas in China and Bashu, Zhao Guo ’s grain output is a bit dwarfed. . In this case, it is necessary to ensure the logistical supply of the Changping battlefield and prepare for a large-scale surprise attack. Zhao Guo's logistical supply is already difficult to bear. Moreover, once the surprise attack was blocked and switched to long-term operations again, Zhao Guo would not be able to afford huge logistics at all, and Qin Guo would instead have the home court advantage.

To sum up, even if the battle of Changping adopted Zhao Zhaoling's surprise attack strategy, it would not only be difficult to defeat Qin Guo, it might even make Zhao Guo into a more unfavorable situation.

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