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Why did the Sino-Japanese War fail in the naval battle? Did the Marine Qing have an advantage?

Today, the interesting history editor brings you the Sino-Japanese War of 1894. What would happen if we fight the land war? I hope it can help you.

The land battle was not lost, it was also lost.

However, if the Qing government really devoted all its troops to fighting the land battles, the Japanese army was really stingy, and it was not certain who would die . Maybe history will be rewritten.

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I. Time: There is not much difference between the comprehensive national strengths of China and Japan.

Although Japan undertook the Meiji Restoration , the Meiji Restoration began in 1968, the army reform began in 1872, the Western-style criminal law began in 1882, the cabinet system began to be implemented in 1885, and the constitutional monarchy was only established in 1889.

Western-style civil law was enacted in 1898, and American-style commercial law was enacted only in 1899.

A more crucial point was that in 1868, the Tokugawa Shogunate rebelled, the Emperor sent troops to rebellion, and the war fought intermittently for almost ten years, and it was only declared to end in 1877. At this time only seventeen years away from the Sino-Japanese War.

An undeniable fact is that the Meiji Restoration in Japan was a gradual process. Change is a systematic process and will not happen overnight.

This proves that the Meiji Restoration in Japan did reinvent Japan, reinvent itself , and move towards a modern country, but it did not change dramatically. At the time of the Sino-Japanese War, China's comprehensive national strength was behind Japan, but the gap between the two countries had not yet opened. At that time, it was not as large as expected.

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It can be said that when the Anti-Japanese War was forty years later, the gap between China and Japan was really widened, and the gap between China and Japan during the Sino-Japanese War was even greater.

But forty years later, we dared to fight against the whole people. Forty years ago, when the gap between China and Japan was relatively small, wouldn't we have a better chance of fighting a ground war?

Second, Renhe: The domestic situation is very favorable at this time.

During the Anti-Japanese War, the Chinese National Government only controlled China nominally, but the warlords in various places did their own thing and did not obey the command of the central government. There are warlords and parties.

During the Sino-Japanese War, the Manchu dynasty was a unified leader, and no one dared to resist the orders and play tricks in the current enemies.

Although the "warlords" in various places proposed mutual protection in the southeast when the Eight-Power Allied Forces invaded China, it was a negative reaction to Ci Xi 's war with the eight countries. The Sino-Japanese War of 1894 was provoked by Japan. The mistake was made by the Japanese side. The invasion of China by the Eight-Power Allied Forces was Ci Xi's agitation of the Boxers to challenge foreigners.

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Therefore, China under Cixi's leadership is unified, and the nation ’s military and civilian population is a game of chess. In theory, it can fight against its enemies . If it is a protracted battle on the ground, there will not be a bad situation of internal and external problems. Compared with the Anti-Japanese War, the domestic situation is more favorable.

3. Geography: The mechanization of the Japanese army is not high.

When the Sino-Japanese War broke out, the mechanization of the Japanese army was not high. In China's vast territory, they can only be exhausted and beaten, and they cannot compete in the strategically deep battlefield at all.

Moreover, Japan did not have an air force at the time. Compared with the period of the Anti-Japanese War 40 years later, they had one more disadvantage and the Chinese side had one less disadvantageous factor.

Another point was that China had no roads at that time, and the logistical support of Japanese troops coming from afar was a fatal problem. No matter where the Chinese army goes, it can use its home court to ensure logistics.

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Fourth, the Qing Army is the home ground, and some troops can fight well.

Many people mentioned that the Qing army was disdainful. In fact, the Qing army was also capable of fighting, not all of them were straw bales.

On September 1, 1894, the Chinese and Japanese armies met on a narrow road in Datong River, North Korea, and fierce fighting began. Ma Yukun, commander of Taiyuan Town in Shanxi, commanded the Chinese army, while the Japanese army was tasked by its 21st wing of Takeda. The 21st Wing led by Takeda, who had never been taught, defeated the enemy and fled.

On September 14, Pyongyang's Chinese garrison, under the leadership of Zuo precious , swore to meet the enemy, and the soldiers fought hard to the end. Zuo Zhuang died in Pyongyang with his blood, and the Japanese soldiers who entered the city paid tribute to the Chinese soldiers. Many people consciously buried the bodies of officers and men of the Qing Dynasty.

Pyongyang fell behind and the Japanese army succeeded in the pursuit. In the Battle of the Yalu River in the eastern Liaoning battlefield, the Qing army responsible for guarding Hushan fought desperately against the Japanese army under the command of Ma Jinxu and the general Nie Shicheng. In the case of running out of food, they were still brave and strong There is no retreat. "

The Japanese army organized four large-scale attacks on Hushan. The Qing army had been fighting hard to resist, fighting to the last person.

In the subsequent fierce battle in Caoheling, Heilongjiang General Yi Ketanga led a fierce battle with the Japanese army. Iktanga came to the front to direct the battle, and the generals around him led the soldiers and charged forward. The battle was very fierce, and the Japanese paid a heavy price to capture Caoheling.

On the battlefield in the south of Liaoning, the arch guards under the command of Xu Bang, the chief soldier of Zhengding Town, even fought out the army and achieved a record of winning by less.

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In November 1894, Major General Nagaki Nori, the commander of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division of the 2nd Army of the Japanese Army, attacked Jinzhou, where Xu Bangdao was stationed. The Japanese troops were seven times stronger than the Chinese defenders, and their weapons and equipment also surpassed our army. I thought the victory was in the hands, but it also took two days of bloody battle to break through the city. The Japanese soldiers' bodies were swept across the ground , and many Japanese officers were killed.

It can be seen that although the soldiers of the Qing Dynasty were greedy for life and feared death, there were also many hot-blooded men who were willing to defend the country with their own flesh and blood.

Since there are so many favorable factors, why is Ci Xi afraid to fight land wars and protracted wars with the Japanese?

Mainly the Manchu ruling Han people, the minority ruled the majority, and the legitimacy of the government was problematic.

They were afraid that after the war, the Han people would take the opportunity to rise and threaten their rule.

For Japan at the time, their national strength was not so strong, and their appetite was not as great as 40 years later. The original intention of their war was that Japan was strong through the Meiji Restoration, and they tried a small knife on Manqing. Let the Manchu government give up North Korea, spend a little more money, and open the Chinese market; if possible, cut Taiwan off. To put it bluntly, I gave myself an ritual of ritual, and wanted to review the results of my own rehabilitation through this battle and officially start the road to strengthening the country.

For the Manchu government, this requirement is too low, and they can fully meet it. Cixi is worried about his rule. As long as the regime is not lost, everything else is easy to say.

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The full-scale war with Japan broke out, the Qing Dynasty would suffer great vitality, and the regime would be in danger of losing it. The sum of money and compensation for the land would be a piece of cake for the Qing government. The two evils take precedence over others, and under the balance, sum is the highest.

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