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Is it right or wrong for Zhao Guo to take over the "party" before the Changping battle? What kind of place is the Shangdang?
Fun history2019-12-19 13:49:58 Fan Chizai to Duanmu Cizhong by Confucius

Hello everyone, here is the interesting history editor. Today I will tell you about the pros and cons of taking over the party in the battle of Changping . Welcome to pay attention.

The Warring States Period in the East Weekend was the first time in the history of China where there were hundreds of thousands or even millions of wars. In the era when 100,000 troops were all small-equivalent wars, the most impressive war was The battle of Qin Zhao Changping.

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In this protracted top-level duel, Qin Zhao and Zhan Zhao have invested nearly one million troops (not including the peripheral reserve forces). The scale of the war is unprecedented. The war ended with Qin Guokeng's killing of Zhao "400,000 deaths", completely destroying Zhao Guo's accumulated capital from the Wuling King era, and finally laid the general trend of Qin's unification.

To this day, many people have talked about Zhao Guo taking the hot potato of Shangdang County, which is obviously a cause of ignorance, but it is unwise. Is this really the case?

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Picture / Changping Battle

01. Party with the sky

The ancient Shangdang area was Liaozhou, Qinzhou, Jiao'an, and Zezhou, which were under the jurisdiction of Shanxi Province in the Qing Dynasty . They are also the Yushe, Zuoquan and Changzhi and Jincheng areas in the southeast of Jinzhong today. Two cities, it is a highland surrounded by mountains. It is located in the southeast of Shanxi Province. It faces Taiyue Mountain and Wangwu Mountain and Fenhe Valley to the west. Taihang in the east can enter the North China Plain, and Wangwu Mountain in the south passes through it. Arriving directly at the bank of the Yellow River can be said to be a relatively occluded, but strategically important area. Di Ziqi's "National Policy Place Name Examination" states that "the ground is extremely high, and the sky is the party, so it is called the party."

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Map / Topography of Shangdang Plateau

02.Korea's Party

One misunderstanding that needs to be corrected is that the Shangdang County of South Korea at that time was not the size of the 17 counties of Shangdang County of Qin State. In the process of dividing the Jin Kingdom between the Han, Zhao, and Wei kingdoms , they actually got a share of the entire Da Shang area based on their geographical advantages.

South Korea, which occupies central and western Henan today, relies on Tongguanyu (Qinyuan County, Henan Province) and Taihangyu (Qinyang, Henan Province) in Taihang Batang to control the Qinshui watershed in the west of the Shangdang Plateau ( Taiyue Mountain and Zhongtiao Mountain), while Wei Guo relied on Baiyu (Lingchuan County) south of Jincheng to control the Jincheng Basin on the southeast of the plateau, and Zhao Guo also relied on Tongkou to the west of Handan to control the northeast of the plateau. Changzhi Basin. It can be said that the Shangdang County before the Qin Zhao war was the strategic extension area of the three Central Plains forces of South Korea and South Korea in the southeast of Shanxi.

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03. Party must be argued

In the early years of the Warring States Period, Wei ruled the central government as a Central Plains bully. However, under the dual pressures of the Western Qin Kingdom and the Eastern Qi Kingdom , it weakened immediately. After Shang Yang's reform, the military of the Qin country thrived. During several battles in Hexi in the 4th century BC, he drove Wei Guo out of Shanxi, and occupied the Hedong area downstream of the Fen River all the way east. The county borders. At this time, if Qin Guo wanted to occupy the whole of Shanxi further to the east, so as to form the strategic advantage of overlooking the North China Plain from Taihang Mountain, the entire Shang party must be included in it. Therefore, Qin Guoren's demand for the party is essentially a necessary prerequisite for its expansion strategy.

Therefore, the high-level leaders headed by King Zhao did not simply covet land as the historians interpreted, but actually saw that Qin Guo's occupation of the Shangdang area in South Korea was only the first step of the entire chess game. If you don't want to react passively after Qin Ren's chess series, you can only take the lead. When South Korea controlled Shangdang County, it could also exist as a buffer zone for Qin Zhao's two military powers. Once this buffer zone faced the crisis of being captured by Qin Kingdom, then Zhao Guo could not move.

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Map / Changzhi Basin and Jincheng Basin

As mentioned earlier, the Shangdang County in South Korea is located in the Taiyue Mountains and Nakajo Mountains in the west, and is the western barrier of the Shangdang Plateau, which can effectively curb the momentum of attacks from the Western Qin Army . Zhao Shang's Shangdang County is in the basin area to the east of this barrier. Although the economic conditions are good, it lacks customs that can be checked.

After the Qin Kingdom occupied Taihangyu in the south, the connection between South Korea and the Qinshui Basin was completely blocked, and Shangdang County was in danger . Qin Junbing's high front can destroy Zhao Guoshang Dangjun in the Changzhi Basin instantly, and once the entire Shangdang is owned by Qin Guo. Then Qin Jun, who has a high degree of advantage, can emerge from the Taihang Mountains along the Tongkou and Yuyu, directly threatening the capital of Handan, the kingdom of Zhao.

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Picture / Taihang Hachiman

Therefore, Zhao Guo must seize South Korea ’s Shangdang County as soon as possible, and use local mountains as much as possible to build a complete terrain defense line. This time, it is a wise move to resist Qin.

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