Japan, a country with a remote island, has always been a very ambitious country. As everyone knows, Kublai Khan conquered Japan, and the pirates on the southeast coast in the Ming Dynasty believed that the earliest Sino-Japanese confrontation began in the Yuan Dynasty. In fact, as early as the Tang Dynasty, China's most powerful era began to fight. Of course, the end was Japan ’s fiasco. This war, regarded as the first confrontation between China and Japan, was called the “Baekkou”.
I. Background of the Battle of Baijiangkou
In the early years of the Tang Dynasty, the Korean peninsula was in a state of standing among Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla . All three countries wanted to unify the peninsula, but they were not strong enough, so they sought assistance from neighboring countries and established diplomatic relations with the Tang Dynasty and Japan respectively. In the end, a political situation with Goguryeo, Baekje and Japan as one party and Silla and Tang Dynasty as the other party was formed.
In March of the first year of the Great Tang Dynasty (660), Baekje and Goryeo on the Korean peninsula joined forces and sent troops to Silla for many times, burning and looting. Silla was weak and had no choice but to ask the Tang Dynasty for help. General Li Jili urged Liao. This time, more than a dozen cities were conquered, and a total of 70,000 people were registered in the Tang dynasty as registered migrants, killing more than 40,000 people in Goguryeo, and the Tang army lost nearly 2,000. Finally, due to the cold weather, Tang Taizong was forced to return to the dynasty.
In 655, Goguryeo and Baekje captured more than 30 cities in Silla. So in 660, Su Dingfang annihilated Goguryeo's accomplice, Baekje. Tang Jun returned with only a few thousand soldiers staying behind, leaving Baek's injustice to help Yu Fuxin, a thief's heart sprang up, regrouping the old people, resurgence, and turning to what he believed to be a powerful country and a nation (at this time, Japan was not called Japan, "The Great Treasury" (Later, it was called Japan) to use its troops to recover the country. At that time, the Japanese Emperor Tianzhi attempted to occupy the Korean Peninsula and then the mainland. Therefore, more than one thousand warships were sent, led by their commanders Abirov, Lu Yuanjun, and others, and united the Baekje army on the ground with a total of more than 50,000 people, killing menacingly.
Second, the strength of the two sides of the battle
Tang Jun: At that time, Tang Jun participated in the war with 13,000 people and had 170 warships;
Qiang Army: The number of enemies in the enemy's army was 47,000, and more than 1,000 warships were owned.
Judging from the number of war participants and warships, Tang Jun will definitely lose.
Third, the battle passed
In August of 663 (three years of Gaozong Longshuo), Liu Rengui sailed to Baijiangkou first. Encountered by the Japanese army, "Thousands of barges, parked in Baisha, riding Baekje, and guarding the ship ashore." One hundred and seventy battleships of the Tang army were listed under the command of Liu Renzhu, and they were waiting for them.
On the morning of August 27, the Japanese army could not bear it and rushed to the Tang army boat formation. At that time, the shipbuilding skills of the two countries were too different. The active warships of the two armies were different from each other. The Tang warships were tall and sturdy, and the Japanese boats were not opponents at all. As soon as the two ships came into contact, the Japanese army was at a disadvantage. Although the Japanese generals had no brains, they were courageous and rushed to Tang Army, which was already in a line, out of order. When Liu Rengui saw the Japanese army's incompleteness and swarmed , he commanded the fleet to change its formation, divided into two teams, and surrounded the Japanese army. The Japanese were surrounded, the ships collided with each other and could not turn around, and the soldiers were in chaos.
Tang Jun won all four battles.
Although the number of Tang warships was absolutely inferior in quantity, China ’s shipbuilding technology during the Sui and Tang Dynasties was still very high. The walls were strong and well-designed. Japanese warships were naturally shabby in comparison. The next step was to annihilate the ground.
Liu Renqiao was well versed in the " burning of the Red Cliff ". At that time, the slaves were not as proficient in Chinese allusions and military books as after Tang. More than four hundred wooden shipbreakers were crowded together. The flames rose, and the sea water was red. " Burning to death and drowning in an abandoned boat drowned, thousands of slave soldiers all sank to the bottom of the Baijiangkou. In the end, all Japanese warships were burned, and tens of thousands of Japanese were killed or drowned.
The General Chronicle Chronicles writes excitedly:
"(Tang Jun) burned four hundred of his boats, the smoke was burning, the sea water was red, and Baiji Wang Feng escaped to go to Korea, and Prince Zhongsheng and Zhongzhi descended."
The "Book of Japan" wrote:
"The Japanese sailor broke into the Tang array, and Tang Jun calmly greeted him, setting fire to the Japanese ship ... It was necessary to suffocate, the army was defeated, the drowning in the water was numerous, and he could not return."
In the Battle of Baijiangkou, almost the entire army was defeated by the Japanese. In this battle, the Tang Dynasty's naval forces gave full play to their own advantages and defeated the Lao National Navy, which was several times as powerful as their own. This was a classic water battle with fewer wins.
Impact of the Baijiangkou World War I
The battle at the Baijiangkou was short-lived, but its effects have profoundly changed the political situation in Northeast Asia.
1. On the Korean Peninsula, the long-term dispute between Silla and Baekje was ended and the balance of the peninsula was broken. The Kingdom of Silla finally unified the peninsula with the support of Datang, ending the era of the first three countries for hundreds of years and establishing Silla. The dynasty, the capital of Qingzhou, ruled after the state system of the Tang Dynasty.
3. Japan is a country that is good at learning. This war has awakened Japan. Since then, Japan has sent a large number of envoys to the Tang Dynasty to learn the advanced systems, culture, science and technology of the Tang Dynasty. It is similar to the Westernization of the Meiji Restoration . At that time, Japan was completely Sinochemical, including today their architecture, kimono, tatami and so on were all learned from China and retained to this day.
3. As for Datang, it united Silla with the demise of Northeast Asian bully Goguryeo, incorporated the Liaodong region into state rule, and safeguarded Datang's hegemony in the East. It directly affected the international popularity of the Tang Dynasty. The comprehensive combat capabilities of the Tang Dynasty's naval forces were truly manifested. For the Tang Dynasty, its international prestige was enhanced, and it also played a certain deterrent to some small countries around it.
Emperor Tianzhi of Japan feared that the Tang army would attack the homeland. Since 664 AD, it has spent huge amounts of money in the country to build 4 defense lines. Since then, Japan has adjusted its foreign policy, submitted to the Tang Dynasty, and began to use China as a division to seek self-reliance. For nearly a thousand years, Japan did not dare to wage war against China.
Why did n’t they pursue Japan after the Battle of Datang Baijiangkou and annex Japan?
First, Japan was really afraid of being beaten.
After the Battle of the Baijiangkou, Japan was painful in the past, knowing the huge gap between itself and Datang, and then fighting against it was a dead end. Therefore, immediately after the war, Tian's shameless envoys sent a confession to Datang, so Datang did not continue to fight Japan at that time.
Second, Japan is not a strategic place and has no value.
At the time of the Tang Dynasty, the land area was very large, and it was not worthy of most of the surrounding land. It was considered to be a barren land and worthless. Moreover, at that time, Japan could not form a little threat to Datang, so there was no need to destroy and occupy it.
Third, there were powerful enemies around the Tang Dynasty
Although the Tang Dynasty was very powerful at the time, there were many threats surrounding Tubo , Turkic Khitan, Goguryeo, and barbarians. It can be said that as the Great Empire of the mainland empire, there are stronger enemies to be dealt with on all sides.
Six years after the Battle of the Baijiangkou, after careful preparation, Datang completely destroyed Goguryeo and incorporated it into the territory. Only then did he cut off this confidant. Therefore, during the battle of the Baijiangkou, Datang did not continue to destroy Japan, which was the situation.
It should also be good luck in Japan. If you encounter a tough emperor, such as Emperor Hanwu , I am afraid that I will hit the Japanese hometown and kill it!
to sum up
In the Battle of the Baijiangkou, the Tang Army drove Laos out of the Korean peninsula completely, and laid the pattern of East Asia for more than a thousand years. This battle is the first battle between China and Japan as a national entity, and it is also an earlier international battle known in Northeast Asia. This battle also allowed Lao Guo to truly recognize the gap with the Tang Dynasty, and sent Tang envoys to the Tang Dynasty to study. Although the battle of the Baijiangkou has passed for so many years, it still leaves us with a lot of meanings. The most important one is that to deal with the Japanese, you can only crush them thoroughly and persuade them. Japanese talents serve you!
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