Who said that "a man died for a confidant"? What is the story about "Yu Rang Yi Yi"?
Fun history2019-12-29 21:00:09 Fan Chizai to Duanmu Cizhong by Confucius

Many people do n’t know who said “the scholar died for a confidant”? Let ’s enjoy it with the interesting editor of history.

Yu Rang was an assassin in the late spring and autumn. The third character in " Historical Records of Assassins" is Cao Mo, Zhuan Zhu , Yu Rang, Nie Zheng, Jing Jing, and so on. In fact, in the "Historical Records", in addition to the five people recorded in "Assassin's Biography", there are several examples of suicide in order to repay the knowledge of encounters, such as Hou Ying and Tian Guang. They were all patriots of that era, and they believed in universal values where faith and honor were more important than life. The classic saying of Yu “dead for the confidant” and its allusion “Yu let the attacker” still be deeply rooted.


"Historical Records of Assassins": Yu let the concubine flee the mountain and said, "Louhu! Scholars die for those who know themselves, and women are those who please themselves. Today, Zhibo knows me, and I will die for revenge. Then, my soul is worthy! What he said: Yu Rang escaped into the mountains to hide, and said, "Hey! Scholars give their lives to those who appreciate themselves, and women decorate their faces for those who like themselves. Zhibo appreciates me so much, and I must avenge and die for him in return for Zhibo's knowledge. Then, even if I die, the soul will not feel ashamed. "

Assassins are one of the oldest occupations in human history. They were most popular during the Spring and Warring States Period. Their activities are usually very secretive. The purpose of assassins is to make the target person and related things fatally hit in a short time. The true essence of the assassins, such as Yu, has made them all have strong "loyalty," "righteousness," "belief," and "brave" thinking. They do not seek fame, wealth, or return. Whatever it takes. At the same time, what is valuable is that they keep their own chivalrous righteousness, have their own sense of justice, have their own standards of value judgment and moral bottom line.

The background of Yurang assassins was the end of Spring and Autumn, when the Jin Dynasty was controlled by six large families, and they attacked each other in the face of interests. Among them, Zhi's was the strongest, and Fan's and Zhongxing's were destroyed. In 475 BC, Zhibo became the ruling state of Jin. Because Doctor Zhao refused to offer the land, Zhibo, together with Wei and Han , launched the " Jinyang Battle " against Zhao.


Unexpectedly, Zhao Xiangzi, who was also one of Jin Guoqing's doctors at that time, sent someone to tell Wei and Han Chen that they were at stake. Wei and Han rebelled against Ge and joined Zhao to counterattack Zhi. Zhi Bo was captured by Zhao Xiangzi. After the extermination of Zhibo, the three families divided his territory and completely divided Jin Dynasty. This is the famous " three families divided into Jin " during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods. Among them, Zhao Xiangzi hated Zhibo the most, and also used Zhibo's skull as a drinker.

The first thing Yu Rang did for revenge for Zhibo was to change his name and pretend to be a tortured person. He also did the most degrading job: cleaning the toilet. With this temporarily learned technique, Yu Rong successfully entered Zhao Xiangzi's palace to clean the toilet. When Zhao Xiangzi went to the toilet and felt that this person was not right, he sent someone to let Yuren arrest him for investigation, and it turned out that he had a dagger hidden in his body. After asking the reasons, he thought he was a man of righteousness, so he let go.

Yu gave up, and painted her body with lacquer to ulcerate her skin, swallow foal, burn her vocal cords, and change her voice. Everything changed, and Zhao Xiangzi's itinerary was explored one day, and he let him ambush under the bridge. When Zhao Xiangzi arrived at the bridge, the horse hissed and he was discovered. Zhao Xiangzi asked him, "Did you ever serve Fan and the Bank of China? Zhibo killed them, why didn't you avenge them, And what about revenge for Zhibo alone? "

Yu Rang explained, "Fan, Zhongxing, Fan, and Zhongxing all met me, and everyone reported it to me. As for Zhibo, Guoshi met me, and I said," so the main idea of this sentence is that I Serving Fan and Zhongxing, they all treat me as ordinary people, so I repay them like ordinary people. As for Zhibo, he treats me like a scholar, so I repay him like a scholar.


Zhao Xiangzi was very touched, but felt that he could not let go of Yu Rong anymore. When he was hesitant about how to deal with him, Yu Rong spoke first. He made an unexpected request to Zhao Xiangzi: "Please ask Zhao Xiangzi to take off a piece of clothing and let him symbolically assassinate to complete the original oath."

This is where the "Yu Rang Jiyi" allusion comes from. According to the record of " Warring States Policy Zhao Zhaoyi", Zhao Xiangzi finally fulfilled this somewhat funny request from Yu, and sent someone to bring his clothes to Yurang. "Yurang drew his sword three times. I can report it to Zhibo. He died with his sword. " It is said that on the day of his death, the people of Zhao Guozhi wept and wept.

In addition to Yurang, other famous assassins during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, such as Jing Yan and Nie Zheng, were all such characters. Jing Xuan's "Wind, Xiao Xiao, Yi Shui Han, The Strong Men Will Never Return Once They Go" shows the heroic feelings of a generation of assassins, whose chivalry and morals have been extolled to this day. But their masters are all a routine, letting their lives die with small favors.

Another example is Nie Zheng, a Korean in the Warring States Period, known as Ren Xia. Because he killed a man when he was young, he had to hide from his enemies, and fled to Qi Guo to live in seclusion with his mother and sister, and slaughtered livestock for a living. Later, South Korean doctor Yan Zhongzi was hunted and killed by the Korean knight, because he was tired of revenge, and fled to Qi country for refuge.

After hearing about Nie Zhengxia ’s name, Yan Zhongzi visited the house several times, and on the day of Nie Zheng ’s mother ’s birthday, he invested in a large banquet, personally held a cup, toasted his mother, and presented gold as a birthday gift. Yan Zhongzi begged Nie Zheng to take revenge for himself, but Nie Zheng wanted to serve his mother and politely refused.


Until the death of Niezheng's mother and the expiration of her mourning period, Niezheng Yi and Yan Zhongzi knew the grace and came to the capital of South Korea with a sword alone. When she saw Xie tired sitting on the high hall, she walked straight through the guard holding the sword To kill Xia Lei, he killed dozens of Xia Lei's guards after one blow. After that, he was afraid of involving his sisters who looked similar to himself. He took the opportunity to self-destruct his face, dug out his eyes, and cut his belly. The intestines shed and died.

The Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods are not only an era of a hundred schools of thought , but also an era of rivers and lakes rangers on the historical stage. Taishi Gong also specially opened the "Assassin Biography" for them in "Historical Records" to record their deeds in order to show publicity and commemorate them. Assassin culture has become history, but their connotations of "loyalty," "righteousness," "belief," and "your bravery" are still worth tasting. Let the classic "dead for the confidant", if we only remember the second half of the sentence "women are self-pleasing," your spirit will not rise. In today's words: responsibility, responsibility, and a raised chest have weight and meaning.

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