In the early years of the Ming Dynasty, Buddhism became common practice. In order to change this atmosphere, Zhu Xi began to vigorously promote Confucianism and supported Wudang Taoism. Zhu Xi used imperial examinations and revisions to attract intellectuals across the country, and then rectified and restricted Buddhism. Of course, the ancient emperors basically had no good opinion of Buddhism. Zhu Xi's operation was also used by the later dynasties, and his approach had a profound impact. Since then, the Wudang Mountain Palace was overhauled in various places. Wudang Taoism has gradually become a trend, which is also an important event in the history of Taoism. Of course, the real reason for Zhu Xi to do this is also to stabilize his regime.
(1) Zhu Xiqiren
Leader of the Absolute Rights of Da Ming Feng Hua, Ming Chengzu Zhu Xi, male, Han nationality , was born on May 2, 1360, and died on August 12, 1424, is the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty and the family of the Ming Dynasty.
It was reigned from AD 1402 to 1424, and its age was Yongle. Later generations called it the Yongle Emperor. On April 17, 1360, Zhu Xi was born in Yingtianfu (now Nanjing, Jiangsu Province). He got up early as the King of Yan, and later launched the battle of Jingnan.
He ascended the throne in Nanjing in 1402 and changed to Yongle in Yuan Dynasty.
Zhu Xi's main achievements during his reign include: reforming the organization, setting up the Guizhou Provincial Government, consolidating the north-south border defense, and maintaining the integrity of China's territory. Zheng He has been sent to the West many times to strengthen the friendly exchanges between China and foreign countries. Emphasis on the inheritance of history by the editors of " Yongle Grand Ceremony ", Zhu Xi also attached importance to water transportation, dredging the Grand Canal. The relocation of Beijing to Beijing in 1421 played a very active role in strengthening the rule of the Ming Dynasty.
During his reign, he will develop from a swollen situation after the Jingjing to a prosperous age with economic prosperity and strong national strength. After the death of Zhu Xi , the body number Tianhong Road Gaoming Guangyun Shengwu Shengong Chunren to Emperor Xiaowen, the temple name Taizong, was buried in Changling (now Tianshou Mountain in Changping County, Beijing).
(2) In "Bright Ming Dynasty", Zhu Xi's worship of Buddhism is inconsistent with the official records?
As we all know, Zhu Xi ’s father, Daming ’s founding emperor Zhu Yuanzhang , was a monk in a temple before the uprising, so the Daming Dynasty treated Buddhism very much. In “Bright Ming Dynasty”, Zhu Xi often had nightmares after usurping , dreaming of Dad Zhu Yuanzhang hacked at himself with a machete.
When he could not be relieved, the monk was summoned to pay tribute, and the monk calmly handed the beads to warn Zhu Xi that there would be kills in the Zhu family in the future. Zhu Xi soon called the three sons and one grandson into the palace, so that they would never persecute their kin. It can also be seen from the play that Emperor Daming attaches great importance to the words of Buddhist monks.
Everyone, officer, then the question comes. Because according to the official records, our emperor Yongle has a special love for Taoism.
(3) Why is Zhu Xi keen on Taoism?
After Zhu Xi's success as a soldier, he quickly moved the capital to Beijing. After emulating the capital of Nanjing, Zhu Xi built the Beijing Imperial Palace. After completing the construction of the Beijing Imperial Palace, Zhu Xi sent the 300,000 military and civilians and artisans involved in the construction to the south and began to build a religious palace on a mountain. .
So, why did our great Emperor Zhu Xi go to Wudang to build a building? This is neither a place for soldiers nor a center of power.
All this has to start with his rebellion. When Emperor Wenwen was built and his clan was cut, Zhu Xi was inadequate in strength. In terms of military strength, he was at an absolute disadvantage, but he stepped into danger one step at a time.
For example, during the battle with Emperor Jianwen, the battle of Baigou River, although it was a battle of great disparity, it was winter, and the water surface of Baigou River was filled with hard ice, so that people walked over, ice They will not crack. At this time, the soldiers of Zhu Xi just passed over the ice, and the followers of Jianwen Emperor of the Ming Dynasty followed, but at this time the ice surface began to thaw, and all the followers of Jianwen Emperor of the Ming Dynasty fell into the water.
However, the result of this battle was almost half a day, regardless of victory or defeat . At this moment, dark clouds rolled, flying sand and rocks, and the dust storm that rolled up rushed directly to Jianwen Emperor's soldiers, so Jianwen's army was defeated. Zhu Xi's victory was over.
This was a battle of great disparity, and Zhu Xi's chances of winning were almost zero.
And because the folk and Taoism of the Ming Dynasty were superstitious about the Emperor Zhenwu of the North at that time, many soldiers interpreted it as having the help of the gods. It is precisely that Zhu Xi was originally rebellious. It would not be better if he could use God to win the hearts of the people.
Coincidentally, the people believed that Zhenwu was the god of the North at that time, that is, the Emperor Xuan of the North, the incarnation of the God of War. It happened that Zhu Xi rose up and rebelled in the north, so he used himself to be the Emperor of Zhenwu to justify his rebellion and make all the coincidence Even the random fabrications professed to be the blessing of the Emperor Zhenwu of the North. With the help of the ideas of the monarchy , he declared his legitimacy and legitimacy.
Because this is the god of Taoism, Zhu Xi supported Taoism in a big way, so he began to build Wudang Mountain on a large scale. According to the specifications of the Beijing Imperial Palace, Wudang Mountain was built. Since the buildings are all on the mountain, it is difficult to imagine. But after all, it was hosted by Zhu Xi personally. The Wudang Mountain Taoist building complex, its vast project, and meticulous craftsmanship, this is not only a model of ancient Chinese planning, design, and architecture. Even in the contemporary era, it is a great miracle in the history of world architecture.
(IV) Zhu Xi worships both Buddha and Tao
Isn't that "Bright Ming Dynasty" exaggerating the status of Buddhism in the Ming royal family? Actually, it should not.
According to historical records, when Ming Taizu ordered Ha Lima to build "Pudu Dazhai" at Linggu Temple, when he recommended blessings to Taizu Gao and Emperor Tsima, North Korean and Chinese officials came up with many "Ruiying" phenomena, and the cabinet For this reason, the bachelor Hu Guang wrote the "Song of the Filial Piety", composes a Buddhist song, and sang and danced in the palace. Zhu Xi also ordered the artist to draw the "Pidu Ming Taizu Long Scroll". Since his father entered the world as a monk during the chaos in the world, he created an empire. Later, more or less respect for the Buddhist place was considered a psychological sustenance.
Watch the history of dramas, enjoy entertainment in pursuit of dramas. Dear officials, this concludes our discussion of today's web drama. For months, endless glory. Instantly, the story happened. I hope that all officials will bloom in their own times and years.
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