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Which nine ethnic groups are the "Nine Nine"? What are the cases of the "Nine Nine" in history?
Interesting history2020-01-04 16:06:58 Dou Xianniang Explains Yang Shuang

Today, the interesting historical editors will bring you the cases of the "Nine Jiuzu" in history. Interested readers can follow the editors to take a look.

We often see the story of the Jiulian Jiuzu in film and television dramas and some historical books. I believe that my little friends don't know what the scope of the "Jiuzui" is. Here we will talk about it today.

The Nine Jiu ethnic group originated from the "Yi three ethnic group" law after the Qin Dynasty reform. The purpose of the Yi group was to cut off the grass and roots. The historical examples of Shaokang Zhongxing and Wu Zixu Fachu are the typical representatives of the resurgence. Therefore, the Qin Dynasty initiated the brutal punishment of the Yi people. At the end of the Qin Dynasty, Li Si and Zhao Gao were punished by the Yi people, and the father, mother, and wife were all killed, and then extended to form the more cruelty of the Nine Nine.

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The nine families here refer to the father family, the mother family, and the wife family.

The four fathers are: the prisoner's own family (grandfather and grandson Quanqing), the married aunt and the cousin and aunt cousin's family, the married sister and the niece and nephew's family, the married daughter, and the granddaughter and grandson's family.

The three maternal families are: the grandfather's family, the grandmother's family, the mother, sister, brother and their children.

The second wife is the family of father-in-law and mother-in-law.

You may not feel anything about this, referring to the Yi tribe in the late Qin Dynasty, parents, stepfather, stepmother, father-in-law, and relatives within the tribe. What is the concept of the Nine Tribe? Let me give you an example. This person may not have seen the prisoner from birth to death, and then he was dragged to the execution ground because the prisoner was taken by the Nine Tribe. The feudal ruler can see this in order not to stay behind, including the married daughter and son-in-law, which are all close relatives, and must be in the ranks of killing.

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In history, few people have been punished with the crime of "Nine Nine Clan", unlike in the film and television dramas, saying that the emperor did not like to listen to the Nine Nine Clan. This punishment is not only extremely cruel to the prisoners, but also difficult to implement on the side of the executioners, because the number of people involved is difficult to investigate one by one. Strictly speaking, the Jiu Jiu ethnic group has been executed twice in history. One was the Sui Dynasty's eldest son Yang Xuan, who was conspired by the Emperor Yang Guang of the Sui Dynasty to order the Nine Nine Clan, and the other time was the King of the Yan Dynasty Zhu Zhu killing the Ming Dynasty writer Fang Xiaoxuan .

Among them, Yang Xuangan raised his counterattack while Emperor Sui Yang expeditioned to Goryeo. Emperor Sui Xuan withdrew his troops and rehabilitated in Liaodong. In the end, Yang Xuangan defeated his soldiers and cut off his head. Emperor Suiyang was so angry that he divided Yang Xuangan into corpses and exposed it, and cut it into pieces and set it on fire. All of Yang Xuangan's righteous brothers and his father Yang Su and other people were killed. In the end, Yang Xuangan's surname was changed to his surname.

However, although the Sui Book records that Yang Xuangan was sentenced to the Nine Nine Clan, the Sui Dynasty has made great adjustments to the Nine Nine Clan. Except for the two generations of slaughter by his father and son, all others were exempted from capital punishment by exile or reduced to slavery. Take a step back and say that Yang Xuangan is Hongnong Yang , after all, this vein runs through the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and he is in charge of the relative power. Presumably, Emperor Sui Yang did not have the courage to uproot himself.

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On the other hand, Fang Xiaoxun was more miserable. Fang Xiaoxun refused to accept Ming Chengzu's collection on the court, and blatantly began a scolding battle. On the book, he wrote a "swipe thief to usurp " and scolded Zhu Zhe. Zhu Xi reluctantly endured Fang Xiaoyu to threaten Fang Xiaoyu with the Ninth Clan, and tore Fang Xiaoyu's mouth to the ear. Fang Xiaoyu still did not fly from the blood and said to Zhu Xi:

"If you want to kill, kill me, what about the ten races?"

Under the fury, Zhu Xi counted all of Fang Xiaoyu's students and friends to make up the ten ethnic groups. There were more than 2,000 relatives and friends who had relations with Fang Xiaoyu, of which more than 870 people were sentenced to death and more than 1,000 people were punished. The sentence of exile.

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So in the punishment of the Nine-Nine, does the package not include women who marry?

During the Qin and Han dynasties, more attention was paid to the criminal law of sitting together. Women of the third and third ethnic groups included women. All the marriages and marriages were counted, and many women were foolishly cut off. The Han Dynasty was slightly looser than the Qin Dynasty and had the emperor 's amnesty.

Developed into the period of Cao Wei, the ruling people began to reform the "Nine Nine" criminal law, and women were no longer subject to multiple sittings by their parents and husband's family. The decree was specifically modified for this:

"The unmarried woman is only guilty of sitting with her parents, and she is guilty of sitting with her husband after getting married."

Maybe everyone feels that there have been no major changes, but we must know that this is the beginning of the ruler's introspection of his own humanity, which is commendable.

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During the Western Jin Dynasty, this criminal law was reformed again, stipulating that women will no longer be executed, regardless of whether they marry or sit together, but take their original status and become slaves. By the time of the Southern and Northern Dynasties and the Sui and Tang Dynasties, there was only one name left for the "Nine Nine Clan". The Sui Dynasty's "Emperor Law" stipulated:

"Big rebels, father and son are all beheaded, and there is no official family."

This is also one of the reasons why Emperor Sui Yang did not touch the depths. In the Tang Dynasty Tang Law, it was further specified that the scope of "ethnic clan" was:

"Father and son were executed together at the age of sixteen and above. All other relatives were exempted from execution."

However, the good times didn't last long . In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Jiuzu tribe revived. Zhu Yuanzhang 's "Law of the Ming Dynasty" stipulated that those who "rebelled" were their ancestors, fathers, sons, grandchildren, brothers, and cohabitants, regardless of their surnames, uncles, and sons of brothers. All beheadings over the age of sixteen. With this rule, Zhu Yuanzhang basically wiped out the founding fathers. When Zhu Xi was in power, there was even a first-ever family of ten people. As long as you knew him, you would go to jail and listen to it.

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The Qing Dynasty even more cruelly linked the Nine Nine and the Punishment. The Qing law stipulated that for the crimes of "treason" and "rebellion", the principal offender was punished by Ling Chi, and the father, son, brother, and uncle and brother living together within three generations, Among their children, men over the age of sixteen were beheaded. Underage boys under the age of sixteen are punished as official slaves after castration, and mothers, wives, sisters, young wives and other female dependents, regardless of their age, are punished as official slaves.

If you lived in ancient times, you should not only take care of yourself, but when a relative commits a crime, you have to startle you, even if you are diligent and kind, and suddenly you will be taken away by a sudden sitting. Cry without crying.

Of course, the Jiu Jiu's discourse is nothing more than scary. After all, from the perspective of history, there are only two cases that can be checked and they are still controversial.

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