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Which governor and governor of the Qing Dynasty is larger? How does the Governor govern the governor with similar powers?

Today ’s interesting history editor brings everyone similar powers. How does the governor lead the governor? Interested readers can follow the editor to take a look.

To talk about official relations in the Qing Dynasty , we must first understand their grades. According to the official system of nineteen and eighteen grades in the Qing Dynasty, among the three governors, the governor, the governor, the highest grade, the highest grade, from the first grade, followed by the governor, the second grade, the smallest governor, only the second grade.

When the governor and governor of the Qing Dynasty took office, they often sealed a certain number of titles. The governor sealed the warrior's book or the right ambassador, and the grade reached from the first grade.

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The complete official name of the governor is "the governor and other places, the governor of military affairs, food and food, and the governor", and the governor's official name is "the governor and some places and the military and food management."

Many readers will have such doubts: the governor and governor are local officials, and they can control the local military, government, and people ’s livelihood. Not only do they have similar functions and powers, many governors and governors have overlapping or even official residences. All are in the same city. Under such circumstances, how did the governor of the Qing Dynasty lead the governor? Why have never seen the same governor from the top of a product in the film and television drama to lead the governor?

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Let's start with the first question. In the early Qing Dynasty, the rulers exercised checks and balances, weakened local factions, strengthened political considerations of centralization, implemented a supervision system at the local level, and the governor and governor jointly controlled local power.

There are eight governors and fifteen governors in the locality. Except for a few regions, such as Zhili, Sichuan and other provinces, due to the important geographical location and difficult management, there are only governors, and no governors are set up to reduce internal consumption and avoid disputes. The remaining provinces Each has a governor.

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Establish a governor in several provinces that are close to each other and have similar cultures to govern military and administrative affairs in several provinces. Before the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the local governor and governor did not have a strict affiliation, and their powers were also chaotic.

In daily work, everyone must have experienced such a situation personally: if multiple people hold the same position or their positions overlap, it is easier for them to push each other, bluff, and reduce work efficiency.

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This kind of problem is particularly serious between the Qing Dynasty's local duties and the overlapping governors. The same local official often received two completely different instructions from the governor and governor.

Since the Qianlong period, governors no longer set up governors in the provinces where the local governors resided, and the governor also served as governor of the province, and the division of power between governors and governors has gradually become clear. In addition to governing the provinces where the governor resides, the powers of foreign provinces are focused on military affairs and supervision. The governor has the right to control and supervise the governor. Specific government affairs such as people's livelihood and public administration are attributed to the governor's management.

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Tan Jitong's father, Tan Jitong, was a governor of Hubei and governor of Hubei in the late Qing Dynasty. Hubei Province is his residence as the governor, so he is also the governor of Hubei, managing the military and political affairs of Hubei and the military affairs of Hunan. The Hunan government is managed by the other governor of Hunan and accepting the supervision of the governor.

The Governor has the right to oppose and report to the emperor when the governor executes a major decree. This is the governor's right to control. If the two play the central role together, the governor's name must be written before the governor to show respect for status and power.

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Let's look at the second question. The governor and governor belong to the civil service system. A governor with a higher rank and authority can naturally lead the governor. But the governor of the same rank as the governor is not only unable to lead the governor, but also subject to the governor's jurisdiction.

After the Qing Dynasty entered the border and consolidated its rule, the elite soldiers of the country were divided into Manchu and Mongolian eight flags , and were ruled by the Manchu nobles. The generals were the commanders of the eight flags, and Han troops were formed in various places, called green camps . The Governor is the commander-in-chief of the green battalions of the provinces, and the garrison generals and the highest military attache of a province.

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We know that the prominent feature of the feudal dynasty's power system in ancient China was that it emphasized literary and military affairs. Compared with military attachés, civilian officials were more likely to be trusted by rulers and had a higher status in the feudal bureaucratic system. Only reading high "spread.

The regime established by the Qing Dynasty as a minority nationality was more prepared against the Han army. Coupled with the relatively stable society in the middle and late Qing dynasties, the prosperous age of Kangqian emerged during this period, and the military commander was far less important to the country than it was during the troubled times.

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For these reasons, the official rank of Tito is seriously mismatched with his actual status. Many Qing history books mention that "Tito is not as powerful as states and counties." Although it is slightly exaggerated, it is still its low status. Real portrayal.

Therefore, the status of the governor as a civilian foreign official in the second rank is higher than the governor in the power system. How can the governor dare to point at the governor?

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In addition to this, another direct purpose of the Qing Dynasty governing system was to "manage military power by culture." The emperor gave the local governors the power to supervise the army, supervise and restrict the exercise of military power of local military attachés, and hold military power firmly in place. The court's hands prevented rebellions.

The transfer of troops by the governor must be approved by the local governor and governor, and they must report to the Ministry of Defense before they can obtain the Ministry's order. It can be seen that the Governor was also overwhelmed by the governor. This is another reason why the Governor cannot lead the governor.

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