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The hereditary father-in-law Zhu Chunchen, why did he surrender Li Zicheng?

Do you know Zhu Chunchen's story? Next, the interesting historical editor will explain it for you.

In the spring of the seventeenth year of Chongzhen (1644), the Dashun Army led by Li Zicheng broke through Beijing, and Emperor Chongzhen and the eunuch Wang Chengen ascended to the mountain of coal and died. Before dying, the imperial monarch said: "Since he was seventeen years after he ascended the throne, although he has been bowing and ruling, he has been angry with the sky, but all the officials have mistakenly caused the rebels to approach the King. Strangling, no face Seeing the ancestors in the ground, he went to the crown to send a cover. Any thief split the corpse, do n’t hurt the people. ”Before that, Emperor Chongzhen who was trapped in the palace also wrote a scripture and ordered it to be ruled by Zhu Chunchen. The various armies and auxiliary prince Zhu Cixun tried to move backwards to save the society from death. What surprised him, however, was that at this time, the officials and foreign ministers of the DPRK had decided to go to the side of Li Zicheng, the king of the invasion. They would plan their own prosperity and wealth in the new dynasty, of course, including the final one. Cheng Guogong Zhu Chunchen.

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Zhu Chunchen, the last emperor of the Ming Dynasty. His ancestor was Zhu Neng, the hero of Ming Cheng's ancestor Zhu Xi. In his early years, Zhu Neng served as the deputy thousand households in the Yanshan Mountains. He followed the King of Yan to Mobe and was brave in fighting. He captured Beiping nine gates during the battle of Jingnan, defeated Geng Bingwen and Li Jinglong successively, and captured 100,000 Southern Army soldiers in Lingfu prisoner Ping An and other soldiers. He surrendered to the Zuo Dudu, the capital of the left army, and became a state official. Prince Edward. After Zhu Neng's death, the Duke of Chengguo has been hereditary by his descendants, and Chengguo ’s public hereditary ninth and twelve. Zhu Chunchen is the last one. Of course, the final outcome of his life and his name (Chunchen ) It's a big difference. In the thirty-ninth year of Wanli , Zhu Chunchen attacked Juecheng and became a grandfather. In May of Chongzheng, Emperor Chongzheng ordered Zhu Chunchen, the governor of Beijing, to see soldiers and horses. From this, we can see that Emperor Chongzheng trusted Zhu Chunchen very much.

However, with the drastic changes in the world situation, the fall of the Ming Dynasty was inevitable. In the first month of Chongzhen fourteen years (1641), the original army was besieged by the Ming army. Luoyang, killing the king of happiness, Zhu Changzheng , put forward the slogan of "Juntian is free of Fu", that is, the folk song "Welcome to the King without food". In the fifteenth year of Chongzhen (1642), Li Zicheng killed the governors of Shaanxi Province, Fu Zonglong and Wang Qiaonian, and defeated Sun Chuanting in Shaanxi. In August of the 16th year of Chongzhen (1643), Supervisor Sun Chuanting had 100,000 troops to go out of the customs, the two armies confronted Yi County, Li Zicheng army was strong and cleared the field, and General Liu Zongmin led a more than 10,000 light ride out of Ruzhou, truncating the Ming Army Road, Ming Army The defeat was overwhelmed by the 100,000 army, and the last life-saving straw of the Ming Dynasty was lost.

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In March 17th of Chongzhen, Li Zicheng army approached the capital. In order to prevent Li Zicheng from entering Beijing, Emperor Chongzhen sent Zhu Chunchen to supervise the capital's Qihua Gate. However, after Li Zicheng's attack on Beijing, there was a big mess in the capital. On the 18th, the imperious Chongzhen Emperor returned to the palace to persecute the concubine, stabbed Princess Zhaoren , who was only six years old, slashed 15-year-old Princess Changping , and chopped several concubines. Queen An Zhang committed suicide. In the early morning of the 19th, Li Zicheng entered the city of Beijing from Zhangyimen. Emperor Chongzhen held a three-eyed gun and dozens of eunuchs rode out of Donghuamen. Obstructed by arrows, he ran to Qihuamen (Chaoyangmen). Cheng Chungong, Zhu Chunchen, closed his door. At this time, Zhu Chunchen has decided to vote for a new owner. He knows that the Ming Dynasty's overthrow is only in front of him. Although he is deeply affected by the emperor for many years, he is definitely not willing to leave the rich and wealthy. Accompany the dead king to death. Therefore, no matter how Chongzhen Emperor shouted and asked, Zhu Chunchen remained behind closed doors and turned a deaf ear. As soon as Li Zicheng arrived, the Cheng Guogong immediately offered the Qihua Gate. Eventually, Emperor Chongzheng and eunuch Wang Chengen ascended to the coal mountain and died.

Prior to this, Emperor Chongzhen who had been trapped in the palace also wrote a scripture, ordering Cheng Gongzhu Zhu Chunchen to lead the army and assisting the prince Zhu Cizhen to save the society from danger. However, it turned out that he saw the wrong person. After Li Zicheng occupied Beijing, on March 22, Zhu Chunchen and Chen Yan persuaded the officials to advance, hoping that Li Zicheng ascended to the throne early in order to become a supporter and seek his own in the New Dynasty. Ronghua rich. But perhaps it was day by day. Li Zicheng, who lived in the palace, found the scripture written by Emperor Chongzhen on the table in Wenyuan Pavilion. He hated the betrayer and ordered Zhu Chunchen to take down and annihilate his property. Beheading in the future. The Cheng Guogong also failed to escape the end of his home . Pure ministers are impure, they are dead!

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