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Why did the Qing emperors have a life shorter than one or even no offspring?

Why the Qing emperor was short-lived is a question that many readers are more concerned about. Then let ’s work with you to understand it and give you a reference.

As we all know, the Qing Dynasty is the last dynasty in ancient history of our country. We love and hate this dynasty. Love is mainly because the Qing Dynasty had a unique culture of contentment, and the kindness of the first emperors opened the golden age one after another . The ruthlessness is mainly a retreat, ignorance, corruption and incompetence, repeatedly being bullied by Western powers. However, I don't know if you have found a very strange phenomenon, that is, the emperors of the Qing Dynasty counseled one by one and lived longer than one segment, and the son-in-law was also less than one. Until the last emperor Puyi , there were no descendants. So why is this? Let's take a look together.

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You must know that all the emperors in the early Qing Dynasty were full of children and grandchildren, such as Kangxi, Yongzheng, and Qianlong. Not only can they excel, they can be diligent in government affairs, work hard at governance, make the country governed, and let the people live and work in peace. And there are two common characteristics. On the one hand, they have a long reign and a long life. A generation of emperor Kangxi emperor, 61 years, lived 69 years. Emperor Yongzheng reigned for 13 years and lived 59 years. The emperor Qianlong reigned for 60 years and even lived to 89 years old. In addition to longevity, they also have extremely strong fertility, with many children and grandchildren. Kangxi had 35 sons, Yongzheng had 10 sons, and Qianlong had 17 sons.

It can be seen that there was no problem with fertility and genetics in the Manchu dynasty. Why did the opposite situation occur in the late Qing Dynasty?

The last emperors of the Qing Dynasty, Tongzhi , Guangxu , and Xuantong , not only had a short life span, but also did not give birth to a son during the 70 years of their rule.

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First of all, looking at the Emperor Tongzhi, his blessing was not big. After only three years as the emperor, he suddenly died. Although three years is not long, for an emperor who has countless beauties in the harem, three years is more than enough to have a group of children, but one child is not left, which really makes people wonder.

Secondly, looking at Emperor Guangxu, Emperor Guangxu is a veritable puppet emperor. Since the end of the coup d'état, he has been placed under house arrest by the Empress Dowager Cixi , and has never been able to escape the claws of Cixi. However, although he did not have the power of the imperial court, he was an emperor after all. In addition to the second concubine and the second concubine, there were still many maids in the harem. Female, it's equally confusing.

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Finally, look at Emperor Xuantong. Emperor Guangxu had no son, so at the time of his death, Puxi, the three-year-old son of Emperor Guangxu ’s younger brother Zai , was emperor, and Puyi ’s father was put in prison. In this way, the three-year-old Pu Yi took the position of emperor in the understanding and became the Emperor Xuantong. In 1911, the 1911 Revolution led by Sun Yat-sen broke out, and Sun Yat-sen consulted with Yuan Shikai . As long as Yuan Shikai could let Xuan Tong abdicate, he would give up the presidency to Yuan Shikai. As a result, Yuan Shikai used his strength and finally forced the Emperor Xuantong to abdicate the following year. Later he was driven out of the palace by Feng Yuxiang . After the September 18th Incident , Pu Yi became a Japanese puppet again. After the Japanese government surrendered in 1945, the absconding Pu Yi was captured by the Soviet Red Army and imprisoned for five years. In 1950, he was transferred to China and was served at the Fushun War Criminals Management Office. After 10 years of renovation, they were amnestyed and finally freed and died at the age of 61.

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Although Emperor Xuantong's Fu Yi was regarded as a long-lived emperor in the late Qing Dynasty, it was equally astonishing that he had not left a son and a daughter in his life. Of course, there are many reasons for the short life of the emperor in the late Qing Dynasty, but a key heart is that most of the emperor in the late Qing Dynasty was a decoration. He had no real power in his hands. He lived in depression and depression all day long. How could he live long? In addition to other factors, or sudden illness, such as the Emperor Tongzhi; may be due to poisoning, such as the Emperor Guangxu.

Of course, there were many reasons why the emperor did not have children in the late Qing Dynasty, such as palace fighting, for example, artificial factors, but in recent years, experts have given the latest answer, four words: close marriage. For political needs, most of the emperors of the late Qing Dynasty married their cousins. Even the harem women were mostly close-knit relatives. As a result, their genes naturally mutated, which eventually led to the expulsion of the Qing emperor.

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