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What is the difference between a temple and a temple? Where did the temple and temple come from?

Today, the interesting history editor brought you an introduction about temples and temples, welcome to read ~

When it comes to "temples", Chinese people usually talk together, but in fact, "temples" and "temples" are totally two different occasions. Recently, a drama called "Qing Yu Nian" is very popular, and the main character Fan Xian was arranged to go to the "Hongyao Temple", which is full of ancient "diplomats". Then the question comes, shouldn't there be a monk in the "temple"?

Do n’t worry, today I will show you what is called “temple” and “temple”. Do n’t get confused.

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"Temple", pictophonetic characters, "earth" and "inch" indicate the land of inch, accurate and unsustainable changes. Therefore, the "Shuowen Jiezi" interprets the temple as "the temple, the court, and those who have the law also "After the Qin Dynasty , the offices where officials held their posts were commonly referred to as" temples ". To put it simply, ancient civil servants' offices were called" temples ", such as Dali Temple and Hongying Temple.

It can be seen that before Buddhism was introduced into China, China already had "temples", and at this time it had nothing to do with Buddhism.

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One day in 64 AD, Emperor Hanzhuang Liu Zhuang (son of Liu Xiu) had a dream. He dreamed of a golden man from the west who was 6 feet tall and had his head lighted up. He flew around in the palace, and Liu Zhuang was awake. The next day he summoned the ministers to interpret their dreams. Dr. Fu Yiqi played, "There is a god in the West, and it is called a Buddha. You may dream of a Buddha!"

Liu Zhuang was very happy and felt that he had a lot to do with this western deity, so he sent more than 10 people to the Western Regions to pray for Buddhist scriptures and Buddhist dharma. Historically it was called "Hanming's dream, preach his way." It is considered to be the earliest time when Indian Buddhism was introduced to China.

Later, the monks from the Western Regions also came to our country. The department that received them at the time was the "Hongye Temple" (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the year). Because the monks brought a lot of Buddhist scriptures, all came from the healthy white horses. A new official residence was built next to Hongying Temple, named " White Horse Temple ", and the monks lived in White Horse Temple.

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The appearance of "White Horse Temple" signifies that "Temple" has the meaning of "Buddhism Temple" in China. With the development of the times, "Temple" has also become the unified title of Buddhist architecture.

Next we look at the "temple".

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"Temple", pictophonetic characters, ancient writings "庿", "广" are related to buildings, so temples were buildings for worshiping ancestors in the ancient times. Prior to the Han Dynasty , rulers attached great importance to temples and had strict rules on the scale of temples. Equal limit.

"Book of Rites" reads: "Seven Temples of Heaven, Five Temples of Qing Dynasty, Three Temples of Doctors, and One Temple of Scholars." That is, the highest ruler Tian Zi can build 7 temples, which are: father, ancestor, great ancestor, high ancestor, and high ancestor's father. , Grandfather, and ancestor temples; princes can build 5 temples, respectively: father, ancestor, great ancestor, high ancestor, ancestor temple; Dafuli 3 temples, respectively: temple of father, ancestor, great ancestor ...

By analogy, ordinary people are not qualified to build temples, and can only commemorate their ancestors at the bedtime, which shows that the feudal etiquette of the Zhou Dynasty was harsh.

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The time came to the Han Dynasty, yes, it was the Han Dynasty, and the meaning of "temple" began to change. The temple and the original shrine (such as the Land Temple) were mixed together, and they became the rivers and rivers, and the city of Wangwang, which was controlled by the Yincao Prefecture Government. Shrine, so the temple can be used to worship ghosts and gods, and the ancients are superstitious that after death, they will enter Yincaodifu and reincarnate.

So to commemorate those who have made outstanding contributions and died, build temples for them, such as Confucian Temple ( Confucius Temple), Wu Temple ( Guan Yu Temple), and accept the worship of incense from generation to generation and live in people's hearts, so at this time "Temple" has nothing to do with Buddhism.

To sum up, the "temple" is the place where government offices, buddhas, and monks live; the "temple" is a place to worship ancestors, worship ghosts and gods, and worship great people. "Temple" is just a slip of the tongue.

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I believe that after reading this article, readers and friends have already understood the difference between the two.

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