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Wu Qi defeated 500,000 Qin Army with 50,000 recruits. Why did Wu Qi miss one of the four great warriors in the Warring States Period?
Interesting history2020-01-11 15:29:30 Mencius Jiyou Luzhuanggong Xuxing Mencius

Why Wu Qi missed the four Warring States generals, this is a question that many readers are more concerned about, so let ’s learn with you and give you a reference.

Talking about the real undefeated ancient Chinese, in addition to the well-known killer Bai Qi , there is also a little-known character, this is Wu Qi!

Wu Qi, Jiang surname , Wu family, Ming Qi, Wei Guozuo (now Cao County, Shandong), military strategist, politician, reformer in the early Warring States period, representative of the military, once defeated 500,000 Qin with 50,000 newly trained soldiers Army , the overall ability is beyond Bai Qi.

What is puzzling, however, is that such a brilliant figure eventually missed the list of the four great warriors of the Warring States Period . Why? The so-called four great warriors of the Warring States Period came from the Confucian Meng Xue's work "Thousand Characters", which means "Siqi Pomu "The best military use. Xuanwei Desert, known as Danqing", then agreed to become the four famous warring states, namely Bai Qi, Wang Xi, Li Mu , Lian Po , of which Bai Qi is the first of the four famous generals! One is more than Bai Qi Why is Niu's famous warring nation inconspicuous?

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How bullish is Wu Qi?

We all know the Seven Warriors of the Warring States Period, so who is the No. 1 Warring States Warlord, and who has created the No. 1 Warring States Warrior? The answer is Wu Qi!

In 412 BC, a war broke out in Qilu, and Lu Mugong appointed Wu Qi as a general, and led the army to defeat the army. However, due to the internal instability of Lu Kingdom, Wu Qi was jealous, and his protagonist Ji Sun's was killed. Therefore, Wu Qi left Lu Kingdom and went to Wei Kingdom , making the Warring States number one!

After Wu got up to Wei Kingdom, he mainly did two things: First, Wei Wenhou appointed Wu Qi as the general, Lien Chan defeated Hexi area of Qin country, and finally occupied Hexi area (the Yellow River coast of Shaanxi province) that originally belonged to Qin country, and established Hexi County. Without this strategic place, Qin Guo will never have a chance. The second is that Wu Qi reformed the Wei Guo military system and established the martial arts system—the first elite of the Warring States Period. In 389 BC, Wu Qi used a newly trained 50,000 soldiers and 500,000 defeated Qin Huigong , this is the famous battle of Yin and Jin .

Since then, Wei has become the number one hegemon in the Warring States Period, and its origin lies in the reform of Li Zhi in Wei, but the key starting point is Wu Qi!

We are familiar with Pang Juan's Sun Xun fighting methods. Pang Juan was led by Wei Wudi , who had breached Handan, the capital city of Zhao . At that time, Qi , Qin, and Chu did not dare to fight Wei. Of course, Wei Wuzu ended up in the battle of Maling, and more than 100,000 people died, causing Wei to suddenly become a second-rate country.

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However, after Wei Wenhou's death, Wu Qi was met with suspicion within Wei, so he came to Chu again.

King Chu Mourning appointed Wu Qi as the eunuch of Wancheng and was promoted to Ling Yin a year later. The so-called Ling Yin is the highest official title of the Chu State during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods. It is the highest official who masters political affairs and issues orders. He is in charge of the national authority of a country, is in the upper ranks, leads the people, presides over state affairs internally, and hosts wars externally. Military and political power in one. It was generally the aristocracy of Chu Kingdom, and Wu Qi was able to serve as Ling Yin, showing his ability.

After serving as Ling Yin, Wu Qi carried out drastic reforms in the country of Chu. To put it simply, it is governing the country according to law, streamlining aristocratic officials, forbidding private trusteeship, and correcting bad official customs, etc. This is the famous " Wu Qi Reform " in history. .

After the reform of Wu Qi, the country of Chu quickly became powerful, leading the army to attack Baiyue in the south, expanding the territory of Chu to Dongting Lake and Cangwu County; leading the army to the north can fight against the mighty Wei Wu's wrench wrists, and even Chu and Zhao The coalition forces of the two countries also defeated Wei Jun. But there is no doubt that Wu Qi's reform has offended a large number of nobles. On the day of the death of King Chu Mourning, Wu Qi was assassinated by the Chu aristocracy, and at the same time declared that Chu's reform was unsuccessful!

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It can be seen from the above introduction that Wu Qi was a super army god in the Warring States Period. According to historical records, Wu Qi's life spanned Shilu, Wei, and Chu , and he was proficient in the thoughts of the soldiers, law, and Confucianism, and achieved amazing achievements in internal affairs and military affairs. Especially in the military, his works include "Wu Zi's Art of War", which is also called "Sun Wu" with Sun Wu , a soldier of the army , and was listed in the temple of Emperor Wu Cheng during the Tang Suzong period and became one of the ten philosophers of Wu Temple.

In this case, why did Wu Qi miss the four great warring statesmen?

First, Wu Qi has two major flaws in his personal morals. Wu Qi studied Confucianism under the confucian disciple Zeng Shen's son, but after his mother died, he did not return home to follow the Confucian filial piety of filial piety and was severed by the teacher-student relationship; Wu Qi's wife was a Qi national, and the Qilu war At that time, in order to show that he would not kill Qi's wife in favor of Qi State, it showed that Wu Qi did everything he could to achieve his fame .

In judging this paragraph, Bai Juyi pointed out, "In the past, there was a Wu Qi, and the mother was not mourned. The disciples were not as good as birds."

Second, in addition to the soldiers, Wu Qi ’s greatest identity is the Legalist, which is very important! Wu Qi ’s reform in Chu State used the legalist system, and his thoughts originated from Wei Guo Li Zhi. This involves the dispute between Taoism and Confucianism. The Confucian hatred for the Fa is naturally not good for Wu Qi. Therefore, we can see that later generations have criticized him badly. For example, the Han Dynasty Ban Gu commented on his "Pesun, Wu Zhe, Shang Being snobbish and expensive, it is used to treacherous and stunned nations. There is a period between princes and ministers, centrifugal ups and downs, and poor political planning. "

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Since 2000, Confucianism has always held the position of public opinion. Although the military has an unbeaten record in life, Wu Qi, who has a loss of personal ethics and legal status, is naturally not as pure as the four great leaders of the Warring States Period, and naturally will not be praised by future generations. It is not surprising to be included in the top four warring states. (The Confucian and Legal thoughts are very different.

In fact, in my opinion, compared to the four great warriors in the Warring States Period, Wu Qi's ability is obviously better. It is correct not to be included. Later, someone tied him with Bing Sheng Sun Wu, which only reflected Wu Qi ’s true level. !

It is worth mentioning that during the Warring States period, the reformers were basically legalists. The three well-known reformers, Li Zhi, Wu Qi, and Shang Yang , were all legal representatives, and all achieved the goal of strengthening the country. The ideological achievements of Shang Yang's reform were inseparable from the previous Li Yan and Wu Qi.

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