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Yin

Distribution area

Tianshui County, Gansu, Hejian County, Hebei.

Historical source

The surname Yin is the 91st surname in China today, accounting for about 0.19% of the national population.

"Yin" comes out

1. Originated from Shaohao 's family, with Yip as the family. According to the "Tongzhi Clan Profile" and others, Shao Hao is a descendant of the Qiang and Tribes in ancient times, and the leader of the ancient Dongyi tribe, named Jin Tian. The son of Shao Hao is Gongzheng, and the ancient book is also called "Gongzheng". The master made Gongya, sealed in Yincheng, and is called "Yin like" in the world. Future generations often use the name "Yin" as the surname. 2. From the Xi Zhou Taishi Xijia, with the officials as the clan. Xi Jia, the word Bo Jifu, is called "Yin Jifu" in the world, and was a minister during the reign of King Zhou Xuan . The eldest son of the grandson Boqi takes "Ji" as his clan, and the oldest son of Zizi bofeng uses "Yin" as his clan. 3. From your surname. The Xing family name originated from the southern Chu country and was the ancestor of the "Jingchu Eighteen Family Name", which later evolved into the Yin family. 4. Han ethnicity changed from surname. According to the historical book "Tongzhi of the Qing Dynasty ", the Mongolian Borzigit, Yeguluot , and Yinzhai all have the Han surnamed Yin; the Manchu and Xibo Zhangjias have the Han surnamed Yin; today the Bai , Miao , Zhuang , Korean, etc. all have Yin surnames.

Migration distribution

The Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods: According to Feng Qigong's "Yin Family Origin Examination Excerpt" contains: "Zhou Huai, scattered among the nations."

During the Han Dynasty: During the Han Dynasty, there were successive battles between Chu and Han , the rebellion of Wang Mang , and the Yellow Turban Uprising . The turbulent social environment led to frequent population migration. Right-handed Prime Minister Yin Hui during the Han dynasty and Emperor Yin Zun during the Han Dynasty and Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty. Yin Sui fought around and settled in no place. Such frequent precipitating activities expanded the geographical distribution of Yin's, making it spread throughout Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, and Shandong. In the early Eastern Han Dynasty, the four major surnames of Long, Fu, Yin and Dong were formed in the area of the Han Dynasty. According to " Hou Han · Xi'an Biography of the Southwest" records: "When Gongsun wrote, the big surnames were Long , Fu, Yin, Dong and Gong Cao Xie. "Siam protects the territory for Han", these migrant Han people have contributed to the unification of the southwestern region of the Eastern Han Dynasty.

Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties : During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, the surnames Yin in Tianshui and Xizhou (now central and northwestern Gansu) flourished and became local clans, with many characters emerging, such as Mrs. Yin of the Western Liang Dynasty, Qin Yinwei, and ancestor Longyou Tianshui, after Qin Shangshu shot, Qinghe Zhongchenghou. Since his childhood, he had great ambitions, and the world was in chaos after the Battle of Luoshui. He encouraged Yao Kun to become independent and become the post-Qin founding father. The wife of Emperor Li Hao , the emperor of the Xiliang Dynasty , was Madam Yin, the daughter of Yin Wen in Tianshui County, and later moved to Gu Zang (now Wuwei) with his father. She is beautiful and versatile. In the achievements of Xiliang created by Li Hao, she was given a lot of hard work and wisdom. At that time, she called it "Li Yin Wang Dunhuang ", so she had the look of Tianshui County. Southern Song Dynasty Liu Song's Tiger Prison Guanyin General Yin Chong, General Xiao Yin Dynasty General Yin Zheng , Shang Shou of the Tang Ministry of Industry , Yin Sizhen of Tianshui County, Di Gonglang, and Jia Zhifeng Doctor Yin Zhizhen, their ancestors are called Tianshui. The Pingping Yin family in North Korea also originated from Tianshui, China, and moved to North Korea from the end of the Tang Dynasty.

Sui and Tang Dynasties: During the Sui and Tang dynasties, Yin Wei VI and Sun Yinhui first lived in Jiangling. In the seventh year of the emperor's reign, Emperor Sui Wen summoned Xiao Xun into the dynasty, and Yin Xuan followed Chang'an. In the great cause of Emperor Sui , Sima of Ningzhou. Tang Gaozu raised the matter, Yin Ying rushed home, and later became the doctor of the royal history. In order to avoid Gao Zuyuan Zu Li's taboo, his name was changed to Yin Hui, and his son Yin Sizhen served as the servant of the second house. Another scholar, Yin Min, came from Nanyang to Duyang. Later generations moved to Hebei and developed into a large clan family in the Sui and Tang Dynasties. Therefore, there was Hejian County, Yin Xu, a prince in Zhaozhou, Northern Wei Dynasty, and Yin Yuanzhen, who fought against Xu Jingye's rebels. Between the rivers. During this period, the name of Yin contained in the annals was relatively small, but the social environment of Zheng Qingmin and Harmony put Yin in a period of reproduction and stability.

During the Song Dynasty: In the early years of the Song Dynasty, the political center of the whole country was moved to Henan in the Central Plains because the northern Liao State occupied the " Yunyun Sixteen States ". Later Jin Youwei General Yin Hui moved to Luoyang, which became the foundation of the Yin family in Luoyang. Ancestor. At the end of the Song Dynasty, as the Jin soldiers descended south and Mongolia's Tieqi smoked, the northern Han people migrated southward, and the Yin clan also migrated to Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other places at this time. Among them, there were many tragedies and horrible deeds, family history. There are detailed records and no examples are given here.

Yuan, Ming and Qing: In the late Song and early Yuan and early Yuan and Ming dynasties, Jiangxi Yin's continued to move to Hunan, Hubei and other provinces. During the " Huguang Filling Sichuan " immigration movement in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, Hunan and Hubei Yins moved to Sichuan and Chongqing in large numbers. This large-scale immigration, combined with individual migration in each situation, reached the middle of the Qing Dynasty, and Yin surnames began to spread widely in the southern provinces.

Celebrities

Yin Jifu: Minister of Zhou Xuan Dynasty, Xi Family, Mingjia, Zibo Jifu, Yin is the official name. When the Western Zhou Dynasty declared king, the northern puppet moved to Jiao and attacked the northern bank of Laishui. The invasion was very dramatic. Yin Jifu was ordered by the king of Xuan Xuan to conquer the conquest and achieved a complete victory . He led the army to return to Taiyuan and stationed in Pingyao, Shanxi. He has authored the Book of Songs , Daya, and People, Daya and Jianghan.

Yin Min: A native of Duyang, Nanyang, a well-known scholar, from the official to the order of Changling, and author of The Book of Modern Literature.

Yin Yun: The governor of Henan government, a famous writer. The content of his articles mostly discusses military affairs in the Northwest . The style is simple and ancient, and he got rid of the Chinese culture in the early Song Dynasty.

Last name culture