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Shaw

Distribution area

Boling County: In the first year of the Eastern Han Dynasty (Bingxi, 146 AD), the county was set up, and it was ruled by Boling (now Hebei Xian County). Runan County: Gaozu Liu Bang of the Western Han Dynasty was established in the county for four years (1898, BC BC). At that time, his jurisdiction was between Luan River and Huai River in Henan Province, east of the west line of the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, Cihe, Anhui Province, To the west of the Xiqiao River and to the north of the Huaihe River, including the areas of Tancheng County, Shangcai County, Pingyu County, and Xiangcheng County, it is governed by Shangcai (now Shangcai, Henan). Luoyang County: The Heluo area, centered on today's Luoyang City, is historically known as "Henan" and corresponds to "Hedong" and "Hanoi". It is the earliest political activity center of the Chinese people . Nanyang County: Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. The government of Nanyang is located in Nanyang, namely Wanxian in the Han Dynasty and Nanyang City in Henan Province. Anyang County: The county was established in the Western Han Dynasty, and the government is located in the southwest of Zhengyang, Henan today.

Historical source

Shao is currently the 83rd largest surname in China and has a large population, accounting for about 0.24% of the national population.

The origins of Shao are:

1. Originated from the surname of Ji , from Fengyi, the fifth son of King Zhou Wen, called Zhaogong, belonging to the name of Fengyi. According to the historical book "Tongzhi · Clanlue", the fifth son of King Zhou Wen called the public prince, and the food was in Yuzhao (now Shaanxi Fufeng), and later sealed in Yan, and the kingdom of Yan was built until the Prince of Tang Dynasty. After the destruction, the descendants took Zhao as the clan, and later Jiayi became Shao. Later, the Yan State was perished by the Qin State, and the descendants of Zhao Gongyi called “Zhao” intact, and called the Zhao Family. Zhao and Shao actually have the same surname, but they are written differently. As for the reason why Zhao changed his name to Shao, there are no historical records left in history, and the time for changing his surname was different. According to research by relevant scholars, the time to change Shao's was roughly before and after the establishment of the Qin dynasty. Until the Han Dynasty, there were those who called the Zhaos. Since then, the Zhaos have been changed to the Shao, so the Zhaos have not been among the Hans . See you. 2. Originated from Yi ethnic group , from Yunnan Yi Taoist priests in the late Ming Dynasty . 3. Originated from the surname of Ji, descended from Ji Zai, the tenth son of King Zhou Wen, and belongs to the name of Juyi. According to the historical book "Family Names", Shao was born after the tenth child of Zhou Wenwang. 4. Derived from the place name, from the Shao Ling of the Chu Kingdom in the Spring and Autumn Period, it belongs to Han and changed its surname to Shi. 5. Originating from the Manchu , belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the clan. 6. Originating from other ethnic minorities, it belongs to Hanization and changed its surname to family name.

Ancestor

Calling the public, that is, calling (shào) the public servant (shì), also known as "calling the boss", "Shaobo", surname Ji Mingyi.

Migration distribution

Shao is a multi-ethnic, multi-source family of surnames. It ranks 84th on the surname list today. It belongs to the big surname family, with a population of about 332,400, accounting for 0.21% of the country's total population. about. According to relevant historical records, after the demise of the State of Yan, its descendants of the royal family were mainly scattered in the Central Plains, including today's southern Hebei, Henan, and western Anhui.

The current Shao surname has a population of 2.93 million, ranking eighty-three in the country, accounting for approximately 0.24% of the national population. In the 600 years since the Ming Dynasty, the population of Shao surging from 290,000 to more than 2.9 million, which is about 10 times. So far, the population of the country has increased 13 times. The population growth rate of Shao surname, the population growth rate of Shao surname in the 1000-year-old period of the Song Dynasty has been a "∧" pattern. The distribution across the country is currently concentrated in the four provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Gansu, and Hubei, accounting for about 48% of the total population of Shao; followed by Anhui, Liaoning, and Zhejiang, which account for 23%. Jiangsu has 15.2% of Shao's total population, which is the largest province of Shao and accounts for 0.6% of Jiangsu's total population. There are three Shao settlements in the east: Shandong , Jiangsu, Anhui, Liaoning , and Gansu. In the 600 years since Ming Dynasty, the degree and direction of Shao's population movement have been greatly different from those in the Song, Yuan and Ming periods, and they have moved back strongly from the southeast to the Central Plains and the North.

The area with the highest density in Shao's population per unit area is in the Hexi Corridor area in East, Northeast, and Northwest China. The Shao population per square kilometer reaches 0.35 or more, and the central area reaches 2.1 or more. The density distribution of Shao surname shows that the area with the highest density (above 0.35 people / km2) accounts for only 29.9% of the country's land area. The population of Shao surname is about 22.74 million; areas with less than 0.35 people / km2 Occupying 70.1% of the country's land area, the population of Shao is about 65.6 million.

The name of Shao is widely distributed, but uneven. The schematic diagram of the distribution frequency of Shao in the population shows that in the Hexi Corridor, southern Jiangsu, eastern Jiaodong, Liaodong Peninsula, northeastern corner of Inner Mongolia, and northwest corner of Heilongjiang, Shao generally accounts for more than 0.6% of the local population, of which the central area The frequency is above 1.2%, and the coverage area accounts for 5.6% of the total land area. In most areas of Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Northeast Jiangxi, East Hubei, Southeast Henan, Southeast Shandong, South Guinan, Southwest Guangdong, Hainan, and Gansu , Ningxia, eastern Qinghai, most of northeast China, northeastern Inner Mongolia, the frequency of Shao surname is 0.2% -0.6%, and its coverage area accounts for about 23.5% of the total area of the country; the frequency of Shao surname in other areas Less than 0.2%, its coverage area points to 70.9% of the total area of the country, of which the distribution frequency is less than 0.1% of 42%.

Hall number

Boling Tang: Yi Wang Li Tang.

Runan Church: Li Wang Church.

Luoyang Church: Li Wang Church.

Nanyang Church: Li Wang Church.

Anyang Church: Li Wang Church.

Anletang: Shao Yong during the Song Dynasty was good at Yi, so he named his residence " Anlewo " and named him "Mr. Anle". Gu Yi praised him for his "learning of inner and outer kings"

Rank

Yantai in Shandong, Gao Qing, Fan Yang in Hebei, Luoyang in Luoyang, Henan: "Wen Jingzhen Yuan Huixue Li Shize Changming Pearlescent aura precursory mining wings to restore stability and repair Hongye Zonggong Yongke Changjiaqi is loyal, filial, benevolent and honest. "

Jining, Shandong, Binzhou, Shao family: "Wen Jingzhen Yuan Yuan Shi Shi Chang Ming pearl light show Zong Gong Yong Ke Chang An Ding Xiu Hong Yicai book inherited from the family as loyal and filial piety".

Shandong Zaozhuang, Liaocheng Shao's generation: "Zong Dechun Cheng Chengming training".

The generation of Shaoxing in Xinghua, Jiangsu: "Xia Jiu Lin Feng Yong De Zhong Kai Chun Shu Ming Jin Hong Jian Ping Yuan".

The generation of Shao of Chongqing: "Qianyan Kaiji is bright and upright."

Sichuan Shao family: "Yongzong Yuanyu Shi Zhengqing Tongdalian."

Shao's generation: "The text describes the world's Weiqichu monarch Xingzong branch Deda Lieguang heirship training Baobang Zhongliang Shou was founded to work as a good Zhaoxiang heart to smoothen the heaven and help."

Celebrities

Zhao Bohu: Minister of the West Weekend, Ji Xing , Zhao's name, Tiger, Zhao Gong's descendants. Mu died after his death, so he called Mu Gong. King Li sent his guard to defam the whistle, causing the Chinese to dare not speak. He advised: "The mouth of defending the people is better than waterproofing. Water leeches and smashes will hurt a lot of people; the same goes for the people. It is for the water who decides to guide the people, and for the people to proclaim." Li Wang was After the expulsion, he hid the prince to stay at home and died for his own son. Later he ruled with Zhou Gong (the descendant of Zhou Gongdan's second son). The name is "Republican" (the first year of the Republic is 841 BC). In the fourteenth year of the Republic, King Li died and Prince Zhou Jing was established with Zhou Gong for Xuan Wang. Later "the two complement each other, repairing politics, the legacy of French, Wu, Cheng, and Kang, the princes' rejuvenation week " (" Historical Records · Zhou Benji").

Zhao Ping: (the year of birth and death to be tested), Qin Chaoren , Feng Donglinghou.

Zhao Ou: a famous general at the beginning of Han Dynasty, Yanhou of Fengguang County. In the history, "Guang Yan and Hou Zhao called Europe, from Zhongjui to Qipei, to the supremacy, to Lian Ao, into Han, to ride General Ding Yan, Zhao, General Yan Yan, 2,200 households.

Shao Xinchen: (the year of birth and death to be tested), the word Weng Qing, Jiujiang Shouchun. The famous minister of the Western Han Dynasty, served as Lingling and Nanyang eunuch. During his tenure in Nanyang, he used water springs to build water conservancy projects and organized people to open trenches and build dams dozens of places. He and Du Shi successively had Huizheng in Nanyang. They were called "Father Shao and Du Mu" to express their respect and love for them.

Shao Yan: (about 860 AD), unknown word, Wengyuan, Shaozhou, Guangdong. One of the "Five Talents of Lingnan" in the Tang Dynasty .

Shao Dazhen: Zi Lingyuan, Anyang from Tang Dynasty. At the same time as Wang Bo . Save a poem.

Shao Huan: Chunan (now Zhejiang Province) of the Song Dynasty , a young child prodigy. Song Zhenzong was given the poem "Spring Rain", which was ten years old. Later he ordered the poem "Sleeping Palace E", which was chanted by the people.

Shao Yong: (1011-1077) the word Yaofu, the nickname Kangjie, Mr. Baiyuan, Fan Yang (now Yinzhou, Hebei Province), a famous philosopher of the Northern Song Dynasty. Life is not official, work poems, mostly for leisure. Intensive study of Zhou Yi, founded the science of elephants and numbers. He is the author of "The Emperor's Great Emperor's Classics" and "Yichuan Strikes the Earth". Is the most outstanding scholar of the name of Shao .

Shao Xing: A native of Jiezhou Anyi (now Yuncheng, Shanxi Province), the leader of the Anti-Jin Yi Army in the Southern Song Dynasty, and an uncle named Shaobo, who had defended Shangzhou (now Shangxian, Shaanxi) for ten years, and was poisoned by Qin Yue.

Shao Bao: (1460-1527), Guo Guoxian, No. Quanzhai, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, Minister of the Ming Dynasty . Chenghua Jinshi , tired of the official to the Nanli Ministry Shangshu , scholars call it Mr. Erquan, Li Dongyangmen , and "Rong Qingtang Collection."

Shao Mi: (circa 1594-1642), formerly known as Gao, with the characters Seng Mi and Mi Yuan, No. Guanyuanyuan, Qingmen Yinren, Guagua, Elderly Guazhou, and Fentujushi. Born in Suzhou, Jiangsu, he was a well-known painter active in the art scene in the late Ming Dynasty. He is famous for his landscapes and flowers.

Shao Jian: People of the Ming Dynasty, not phosphorus, Wuxian (now Suzhou, Jiangsu). Good landscape. "Histories of Painting History", "Records of Ming Painting", "History of Silent Poetry"

Shao Guijie: (approximately around 1540 AD) Zibo Ru, Mao Qi, No. Beiyu, Changshu. The birth and death years are unknown. There is a name, and association with Zhai Jingchun, Yan Na, etc., the meeting, when called Shijie, push Guijie as the leader. In the four years of Jiajing (1525 AD), he selected people and chose the German Puritan. In chaos, the city ordered Wang Tiezao to make plans, and the four strategies for building the city depended on it. Later died. Gui Jie lacks alertness for proper poems, but his prose is quite protracted. He has written eight volumes of "Mr. Bei Yu's Posthumous Works" and "The Four Treasuries" lived on the world.

Shao Yuanjie: (1459-1539) a priest in the Qing Dynasty Palace in Longhu Mountain. The word Zhongkang, No. Xueya, Guixi people (or Anren people). Eighteen years of Jiajing (1539) Shao Yuanjie died of illness, and he was awarded Da Zongbo, "Wangkang Rongjing". He is the author of Taihe Anthology. His disciples were Chen Shandao, who was in charge of the ministry, and Peng Yunyi, an apprentice, was right to spirit. According to history, "the Yuan Festival has no other request, because the Emperor is fasting and the Yuan Festival is diligent, and he cares forever."

Shao Jiechun: (?-1641) the word Zhao Fu, Fujian Hou Guan (Fujian Min Hou), Ming general. Wanli Jinshi, Li Jixun Lang Zhong, Zhejiang according to the envoy, deprecated for some reason. Chongzhen placed the deputy envoy of Sichuan, the governor of power promotion, and the imperial envoy of Jindu right. The encirclement of Zhang Xianzhong and Luo Ru failed before arresting and convicting themselves of death. " History of the Ming Dynasty " states that it is "smart and sincere, and governs Shu with benefits." When he left Shu, "the people crying and delivering," There are "Jianjin Collection", "Into Shu Yin" and so on.

Shao Jinhan: (1743-1796) the word Yu Tong, a native of Yuyao, Zhejiang Province today, a well-known classicist and historian. He has participated in compiling books such as "Three Links" and " Eight Banners ". It also edited the " History of the Old Five Dynasties " from the " Yongle Ceremony", and collected books such as "Book House Yuan Gui" and "Taiping Yulan", according to the original title, arranged into volumes, so that the "History of the Old Five Dynasties" was recovered and included. True history. He also grew up in Confucian classics, taking Guo Yan's "Erya Annotation" as a sect, and also collected the old Chinese writings, and wrote "Erya Justice", which became an important work of exegetical studies. Today's " Siku Quanshu " historical classics are mostly from his own hands.

Shao Changzhang: (1637 ~ 1704) a Heng, the character Zi Xiang, a scholar of the Qing Dynasty , Wujin of Jiangsu Province. The nickname is Qingmenshan, who edited "Two Poems".

Shao Qizheng: (1718 ~ 1769) the word 荀 ci, No. Shushan, Zhaowen (now Changshu) of Jiangsu Province, Qing Dynasty writer. Qianlong Jinshi, official editor. Can write the text, there are "Yuzhitang Collected Works", "Yuzhitang Poetry Collection".

Shao Shizheng: the word Friendship Garden, No. Fan Village, and No. Sangzao Gardener. Poet and painter of Qing Dynasty, Wuhu, Anhui province. Shan Li engraved, especially in painting.

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