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Qi

Distribution area

Taiyuan City, Shanxi, Chang'an County, Shaanxi.

Historical source

Qi surname is one of the Chinese surnames , ranking 105th in " Hundred Surnames ". The Qi family name is the 145th surname in China today, with a population of about 1.28 million. It is widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Jiangsu.

Qi comes from

The Qi (Qí) family name has six origins: 1. It is from the Jin clan in the Spring and Autumn Period. According to the "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and "Ciyuan", in the Spring and Autumn Period, Jin Xianhou Hou IV was the grandson of Sun. , Then Yi as the clan. 2. From the surname of Ji , after Huangdi . According to "Guangyun", twenty-five of Huangdi's sons were given twelve surnames, including Qi surname. 3, from Tao Tang's , is a descendant of Yao. According to "Summary of Surnames", there is Qi surname after Emperor Yao Yi Qi. 4. According to "History of Road", there is Qi after Shao Hao . 5. After the father of Sima Qi in Zhou Shi, the name was Shi. One said that Qi's father was an official in charge of the affairs of Bingjia. 6. From other races. The surname of Manchurian in Qing Dynasty lived in Shenyang; the surname of Qidili in the Eight Banners of Qingmanzhou was changed to single surname Qi; in the Qing Dynasty, the toast of Gansu Xining (now Qinghai Province) and Nianbo County (now Ledu, Qinghai Province) were The Qi surname is a Mongolian; the Tu ethnic Qi Ga family, the Han surname is Qi; today the Tujia, Yi, Man, Baoan, Dongxiang, Hui and other ethnic groups have this surname.

Ancestor

Qi Yan . Word yellow sheep. Jin Dynasty doctors in the Spring and Autumn Period. Jin Menggong served as the Chinese Lieutenant, and later resigned because of his old age. He first recommended his enemies to relieve orphans and died, and died because of unsolved loneliness. He also recommended his son Qi Wu to replace him. Confucius praised him: Resentment, not to avoid relatives, can be described as Shang Gong . "After Jin Pinggong ascended the throne, he was appointed a doctor of the clan. The original name was Ji, and Duke Jinping made food for one year (556 BC). Then he changed his name to Qi. The descendants of later generations respected Qi Qi as the ancestor of his surname.

Migration distribution

The Qi surname originated from Qi land, which at that time included almost the entire Jinzhong Pingchuan. In the twelve years of the Jin dynasty (the first five years and fourteen years), Qi Ying's grandson, Qi Ying, was killed for crimes, and Yiyi was confiscated. Thereafter, the descendants of the surname Qi were scattered in Jindi. After the three families were divided into Jin , the surname Qi originated from Qi Di lived in Shanxi, Hebei, Henan and other provinces. In the Western Han Dynasty, the surname of Qi as seen in the annals of history was Yang Wang, Sun You, Qi Hou (one of Qi Hou), and Xinfeng (now Weinan, Shaanxi, south of Qi) a rich man, Tai Bo Qi. It can be seen that Qi has settled in Shaanxi at this time. During the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, Qi surnames were rarely seen in the annals of history, but according to "Hundred Family Names in the County" and "Summary of Surnames", Qi County had two counties: one for Taiyuan County and one for Fufeng County. It shows that from this time to the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the Qi family had multiplied in the above two places for a long time, and the people thrived and the reputation was loud. In the later period, the Qi family from other places also derived from these two places. This period is a time of great social turmoil, great ethnic integration, and the migration of the North People's Congress. Due to the large number of northern clans moving to the south, it is imperative to move the surname of Qi to the south. For example, Qi Geng, a man from Wu Youhuiji Shanyin (now Zhejiang Shaoxing) during the Three Kingdoms . ) People Qi fiber. During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Qi surnames were more widely distributed in the north. Today, Qi surnames have settled in Shandong and Gansu. During the two Song dynasties, especially after the Southern Song dynasty , the Qi surname in the south gradually prospered. Today, Qi surnames have settled in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and other places, and the number of southerners who have been recorded in history has gradually increased. The social turmoil in the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties led to a sharp decline in population in the Central Plains, East China, and Central South. In the early Ming Dynasty , as one of the migrant surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong in the Ming Dynasty , Shanxi Qi was relocated to today's Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Shaanxi and other places. After the middle of Ming Dynasty, Qi surname was more widely distributed throughout the country. After the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the surname Qi from the coast moved to Taiwan and the countries of the South Ocean. Today, Qi surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Jiangsu, which account for about 44% of the population of Qi surnames of the Han nationality. The Qi surname is the 145th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.8% of the Han population in China.

Celebrities

Qi Shun: Guangdong-Dongguan, Zhizhihe, No. Chuanchuan, Minister of the Ming Dynasty . Tianshun Jinshi , awarded the chief of the army, into the Lang. Tired officials to the governor of Jiangxi left. There are "Shiqianfuzhi", "Xichuan Collection".

Qi Yunshi: Shouyang, Shanxi Province, Qing Dynasty official, geographer. In the sixteenth year of Jiaqing , he was the lecturer of Lanzhou Sanshan College. Familiar with Manchu, and enthusiastically study the history of the mountains and rivers in the northwest and the various tribes. There are "Biography of the Prince of the Mongolian Ministry of the Hui", "Ili President's Strategy", "Fan Ministry's Strategy" and so on.

Qi Cuizao: Shouyang, Shanxi Province, Minister of the Qing Dynasty. Jiaqing Jinshi. Former Secretary of the War Department , Secretary of the Department of Warcraft , Minister of Military Aircraft . At the beginning of Tongzhi, he was a university bachelor and minister of rituals (same prime minister). He advocates Pu Xue, likes words, and is good at calligraphy. There are "Mashou Nongyan", "Qin Xuezhai Notes" and so on. His younger brother Qi Suzao was a jinshi in the Daoguang reign, and served as the chief of the Hunan and Jiangning chiefs. His son Qi Shichang also enters the ranks and ranks, the official to the Ministry of Industry and Shun Tianfu Yin. Author of "Hanlin Calligraphy Tips", "Chronicle of Qi Wenrui".

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