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Dong's

Distribution area

Longxi County: In the 28th year of the Warring States Period, King Qin Zhaoxiang set up the county in 279 BC, governing Didao (now Lintong South, Gansu Province). The Western Han Dynasty is now the middle reaches of the Luanhe River east of Dongxiang, Gansu, the upper Weihe River west of Wushan, the upper reaches of the Western Han River north of Li County, and the eastern part of Tianshan City. During the Three Kingdoms , Wei moved to Xiangwu (now southwest of Gansu Province). The Northern Wei Dynasty is now near Longxi County. Jiyin County: In the sixth year of Han Dynasty Emperor Hanjing (144 BC), the state was divided into Liang Guo, and later changed to a county, governing Dingtao (now northwest of Dingtao County, Shandong Province). Compared with Heze, Shandong Province today, it reaches Dingtao in the south and Wucheng in the north.

Historical source

Among today's top 100 Chinese surnames ranked by population, Dong is ranked 29th.

"Dong" originated

There are three surnames derived from Dǒng: 1. Name your own. According to the "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and "Ancient and Modern Surname Book Dialectics" and other materials, the descendants of the descendant Dong Fu is very good at feeding dragons, and is highly appreciated by Emperor Shun. Dong Wei 's. 2. From the official name. According to "The Surname Anxious Notes", there are doctors in the Zhou Dynasty . The second son is in the history of Jin Dynasty , Dongdu Jin Dynasty Books and Records of Historians, hereditary descendants, and the official surname is called Dong . 3. Other sources and streams. According to the "Dong Family Tree", the descendants of Emperor Lu eventually had a son named Shen Hu, surnamed Dong, and the descendants of Shen Hu had Dong as their surname. In addition, Koreans and other people also have Dong surname.

The ancestor of the surname: Father Dong.

After Emperor Yun's own surname, Liao Shuan had a son named Dong Fu, who studied the dragon's habits very well. So Emperor Shun appointed Dong's father to be a dragon , specializing in raising dragons. With the careful training of Father Dong, many dragons learned to perform dance. Emperor Shun was very pleased, he named Dong Fu as Xichuan (now Dingtao North, Shandong Province), and gave him the surname of Dong, and his descendants used Dong as their surname. Dong was also regarded as the ancestor of Dong.

Migration distribution

Dong's surname is from the same source, all descendants of Gao Yang's Emperor. According to historical sources, the birthplace of Dong's surname is three places in the north of Dingtao, Shandong, southwest of Shanxi, and the plain of Shandong. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, Dong was more concentrated today in Shanxi, Gansu, Hebei, and Henan. In addition, Shaanxi, Shandong Dingtao, Gao Qing, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Sichuan Ziyang, Deyang, Zhejiang Yuyao, Hubei Xiangyang, Zhijiang, Fujian Fuzhou, Henan Yuzhou, Yichuan, Nanyang, Kaifeng, Qixian, Xinyang, Lingbao and other places There are also people of the Dong family. Later, in the process of continuous reproduction, the surnames of Dong in Gansu and Shandong developed into local Wangs. During this period, according to the history books, the reproduction and migration of Dong surnames are as follows: The descendants of Xin Hu, descendants of Dong Fox from the Taishi branch of the Jin Kingdom, were named King Zhai and Du Gao (now Yandong City, Yan'an City, Shaanxi Province) Hedong bank), later descendants moved to Longxi (now Lintong, Gansu); Dong Zhongshu of the Western Han Dynasty was from Guangchuan (now Zaoqiangdong, Hebei), and his great-grandson moved from Guangchuan to Longxi, and later he moved to Hedong (now Xia County, Shanxi Province) northwest). During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, the society was turbulent, the people were scattered around, and they moved to the south in large numbers. There were people from Dong, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Hubei, and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The Sui and Tang dynasties were a period of prolific reproduction of Dong, and there were also people who moved to Dong in Fujian and Guangdong. In the Tang Dynasty, Gushi (now Henan), Chen Yuanguang and his sons opened their homes in Fujian and Wang Chao, and Wang Xunzhi joined the family when they entered Fujian. During the Song and Yuan dynasties, Jin Bing's entry into the Central Plains and the Mongol army's southward movement forced Dong to move south again. At this time, Dong family members appeared in Yuhang, Zhejiang. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Taiwan, the Nanyang Islands, and some countries in Europe and the United States were inhabited by the surname of Dong. During this period, the surname of Dong was spread all over the world. Today, Dong is most concentrated in Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, Yunnan, Liaoning, and Zhejiang provinces. The three provinces of Hebei, Henan, and Jin accounted for 31% of the total population of Dong, and the provinces of Yunnan, Shandong, Liaoning, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Hubei, and Hubei accounted for another 38%. Eleven percent of the population is the largest province with the last name of Dong. Dong is the twenty-ninth largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.61% of the Han population in China .

Hall number

Zhibitang and Liangshitang: In the Spring and Autumn Period, Dong Hu was a historian of Jin Dynasty. He wrote history to seek truth from facts, and was not afraid of power. Jin Linggong was exiled, and Dong Hu wrote in the history book: "Zhao Dun strikes his prince." Confucius praised him as "good history." In addition, Dong's main hall names include "Longlong Hall", "Longxi Hall", "Zhengyi Hall", and "Sance Hall".

Celebrities

Dong Zhongshu: Western Han philosopher, master of literature studies today. Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty raised a scholar of good literature. He put forward the suggestion of " three strategies of heaven and man " and " dismiss one hundred schools and respect Confucianism", which was adopted by Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. For more than two thousand years, Confucianism was the orthodoxy of orthodox society. sound. His study centered on the Confucian patriarchal ideology, mixed with the yin and yang five elements theory, and linked the divine power, monarch power, patriarchal power, and husband power together to form a feudal theological system. Put forward the theory of "individual induction" and " three outlines and five constants ".

Dong Biwu: (1885-1975) was from Huang'an (now Hong'an) in Hubei, one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party, a great proletarian revolutionary, and one of the party's and state's outstanding leaders.

Last name culture