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Guo

Distribution area

Taiyuan, Shanxi, Huayin County, Shaanxi, Dali County, Shaanxi

Historical source

The surname Guo is the 18th largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 1.1% of the Han population in China .

`` Guo '' originated

1. "Yu Cheng Er Long, Guo Zhizhi", according to legend, Dayu has two guards and control hands named Guo Ai and Guo Zhi. They are the earliest Guo surnames recorded in history . "Summary of Surnames": "Xia You Guozhi, see" Baopuzi ". Shang You Guo Chong, see" The Trinity Scriptures ", the beginning of the Guo family." So, Guo surnamed as early as more than four thousand The Xia Dynasty had it a few years ago. 2. From the surname Jiang . Take the residence as the clan. Rejected "Customs and General Meaning" records: "Clan in residence, city, Guo, garden, pool is also." Guo, the word meaning is outside the city, that is, because of living outside the city, and Guo as the family. 3. From the surname of Ji , the ancient Chinese characters "Guo" and "虢" are the same. Guo is the Ji and is the descendant of Huangdi Ji. 4. Out of surname or surname. For example , Houliang had Chengna, and his surname was Guo ; later Jin had Guo Jinhai, a Turkic , and changed his surname to Han; later Zhou Taizu Guowei, a son of Chang , and his mother adapted to the Guo, so he changed his surname to Guo. 5. From Gu Guoguo. 6. Korean family Guo family, Korean family Korean family origin, belongs to Han family name.

Migration distribution

The original birthplace of the Guo surname is today's Henan, Shanxi, and Shaanxi. During the pre-Qin and Han dynasties, the breeding place of the Guo family was mainly Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Henan. "Taiyuan" Junwang formed during this period and became the main branch of the reproduction and migration of the Guo family in the later years. Feng Yan, Huayang, Jingzhao (now near Xi'an, Shaanxi Province), Zhongshan (now Hebei Province), Pengcheng (now Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province), Guan Tao (now Hebei Province), Quwo (now Shanxi Province), In Hanoi, Guangping, Handan, Hedong, Wenxi, Dunhuang and other places, the Wang family formed; during the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, with the large number of migrants to the south to avoid the scourge of war, Guo surnames began to scattered in Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other places. There are many surnames of Guo in Taiyuan; in Sui and Tang Dynasties, Shanxi and Shandong took Guo as the largest surname. In this period, in addition to the war, Guo surnamed Fenyang (now in Jingle, Shanxi Province) with the origin of Huayin Guo Ziyi , in addition to the surnames Guo who lived in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Hubei. The descendants of Guo surnamed Fenyang became the ancestor of Fujian surnamed Fujian. From the Five Dynasties to the Song and Yuan dynasties, as Jin Bing entered the Central Plains and the Mongolian army moved south, forcing Guo to move south again. The north and south of the river are large ; in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, the Guo family of Fujian moved to Taiwan, then scattered to counties such as Changhua, Chiayi, and Kaohsiung, and later developed into one of the top ten surnames in Taiwan; and some people traveled to Europe, America, and Southeast Asia. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the surname Guo was scattered all over the country. Today, the surnames Guo are the largest in Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Hubei, Sichuan and other provinces. The five surnamed Guo surnames account for about 46% of the Han population in the country. The surname Guo is the 16th largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 1.1% of the Han population in China.

Celebrities

Guo Yan: He Dong Wenxi (now Shanxi Province Wenxi), Eastern Jin writer, exegetologist, knowledgeable . As the representative of "Famous Poetry", he has written "Fu Jiang" and other works. And annotated "Erya", "Mu Tianzi Biography", " Shan Hai Jing ", " Chu Ci " and other classics, for the next generation of Zhu Shujia emphasized.

Guo Shoujing: a native of Xingtai, Shunde (now Xingtai, Hebei Province), a famous writer, hydraulician, astronomer, and mathematician in the Yuan Dynasty . He presided over the preparation of the "Time Grant Calendar", which has been in operation for 360 years and is the oldest calendar in Chinese history.

Guo Moruo (1892-1978), formerly known as Guo Kaizhen, also known as Guo Dingtang, No. Shang Wu, alias Wu Cheng, Ding Ruchang, etc. Born in Shawan Town, Guan'e Town, Leshan County, Sichuan Province. Writer, poet, playwright, historian, archeologist , paleographer, calligrapher, national leader and social activist.

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