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Chiu

Distribution area

Henan County: During the Qin Dynasty, it was named Sanchuan County. In the second year of the Western Han Dynasty, Gaozu (Bingshen, 205 BC) was renamed Henan County, and it was governed by Liyang (now Luoyang, Henan). At that time, the jurisdiction was in the lower reaches of Luoshui and Yishui in the south of the Yellow River in Henan, and Shuangyu and Jia The upper reaches of the Luhe River and the area around Yuanyang County in the north of the Yellow River have 22 counties, which are roughly equivalent to today's Henan Province Mengjin, Yanshi, Gongyi, Liyang, Yuanyang, Zhongmu, Zhengzhou, Xinzheng, Xinmi, Linru, Ruyang, Yichuan, Luoyang and other counties and cities. Wuxing County: The county was established in the Zhou Dynasty . During the Three Kingdoms period, Wu Guobao Ding was set up in the first year (Bingji, 266 AD). The governing office in Wucheng (now Zhejiang Wuxing) took the meaning of the prosperity of Wu Guo . At that time, the jurisdiction was in Zhejiang today. From Lin'an Province to Yixing, Jiangsu Province. Fufeng County: The county was established during the Zhou Dynasty. At that time, the jurisdiction was in the areas of Xingping and Xianyang in Shaanxi Province. In the first year of the Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty (Ding Chou, 104 BC), the right Fufeng was set up, which was combined with Jingzhao and Zuo Fengzhang as the three auxiliary, and was governed in Xingping City, Shaanxi Province. At that time, the jurisdiction was west of Changan County, Shaanxi Province. Around Fengxiang County. Liaodong County: In Chinese history, the title "Liaodong" has four meanings: ① the name of the county, the country, the Yanguozhi County during the Warring States Period, and the place of consultation in Xiangping (now Liaoning, Liaoyang). At that time, the jurisdiction was in Daling, Liaoning Province. The area to the east of the river; it was renamed the Liaodong Kingdom in the Western Jin Dynasty; the late Yan Dynasty in the Sixteen Kingdoms Period was placed under Donghai County; the Liaodong County was restored to the western area of Liaoning Province during the Northern Yan Dynasty; it was abolished during the Northern Qi Dynasty; When the Emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Liaodong and Liaoxi counties were located in Liaodong as the capital captain and governed in Changli (Jinyi County). At that time, the jurisdiction was in the middle and lower reaches of the Daling River in the west of Liaoning Province; Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period was changed to Changli County. ② The name of the capital, the Liaoduwei was set in the four years of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (Xinhai, 1371 AD), and the eighth year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (Yiyi, 1375 AD) was changed to the Liaodong capital, and the governing office was Dingliao Zhongwei (now Liaoning Liaoyang) At that time, the area was mostly in present-day Liaoning Province; since the late Ming Dynasty, due to the movement of the Wuliangha tribe to the south, it gradually lost the Liaohe Tao (now both sides of the middle reaches of the Liaohe River); from the first year of the Ming Dynasty to the fifteenth year of Chongzhen (AD 1621 ~ 1642), the whole territory was merged by Hou Jin (Qing). ③ The name of the military town, one of the "nine sides" of the Ming Dynasty, which is equivalent to the jurisdiction of the Liaodong Dusi. It is mainly the chief military officer stationed in Guangning (now Liaoning North Town) in the first year of the Long Qing of the Ming Dynasty (Ding Yi, 1567 AD). Later in winter, he moved to Liaoyang (now Liaoning, Liaoning); it was abolished in the late Ming Dynasty. ④ The area name refers to the area east of the Liaohe River.

Historical source

The Qiu surname has a long history and originated in Shandong. The Qiu and Qiu surnames have the same origin.

Origin of Qiu

1. Originated from the surname of Jiang , from the land of Jiang Mu, the son of Jiang Taigong, the founder of the Qi Kingdom in the Western Zhou Dynasty, belonging to the name of Fengyi. 2. Derived from the surname of Xun, descended from the younger son of Xia Di Shao Kang , who was changed to the surname for some reason. 3. Derived from the place name, from Chen Guowanqiu in the Spring and Autumn Period, belonging to the name of Juyi. 4. Originated from Xianbei ethnic group, from the Liaodong Xianbei Uygur ethnic group in the Han Dynasty , it belongs to Han and changed its surname to the clan. 5. Originated from Xianbei ethnic group, from the Xianbei Topology Department of the Northern and Southern Dynasties , it belongs to the Han Dynasty and changed its surname to the clan. 6. Originating from the Manchu , belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the clan. 7. Originated from other ethnic minorities, and belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the last name. 8. Originated from Gaoxin's , from the ancient emperor's emperor Xianqiu Hei, belonging to the ancestor's name. 9. Derived from the place name, it comes from the name of the residence of the Qiang State in the Spring and Autumn Period, which belongs to the name of Juyi. 10. Derived from place names, from Qi Nationality Hill in the Spring and Autumn Period, belonging to the place name. 11. Originating from the official position, from the ancient military official Qiu Jia, belongs to the official title. 12. Originating from the official position, from the ancient Hujia system official Qiuli, belongs to the official title. 13. Derived from multiple surnames, from many multiple surnames in the Spring and Autumn Period, which are simplified to the family name of the provincial surname.

Ancestor

Ginger wood (Qiu wood), sorceress (gongzi witch). In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Jiang Taigong Lu Shang, as the founding hero, was sealed in Qi, the Qi state was established, and the capital was set to Yingqiu. It is rumored that Taigong respects the customs and customs of the local people, simplifies the courtesy and courtesy, and encourages the people to use local fish and salt resources to develop production. Later, Yingqiu was renamed Linzi, and the son of Taigong missed the capital, so he took the land as the clan, and the descendants of Qiumu followed the name of Qiu, and Fengqiu was the ancestor of the surname. Because the name "Qiu" came from the side of "Qiu" to avoid taboos, it is actually the same origin, so Qiu Mu is also the ancestor of Qiu .

Migration distribution

The Qiu (Qiu) family is a multi-ethnic, multi-source family of surnames, and because of official positions and geographical names, there are far more people than Xueyuan Qiu (Qiu). It is ranked 65th on the surname list today and belongs to the big family The series has a population of about 4,676,000, accounting for about 0.29% of the total population of the country.

Qiu and Qiu are actually one. Qiu is a Qiu (Qiu) clan whose name was changed by the Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty . The Qiu (Qiu) clan originated in Shandong. In the early days, it mainly moved westward and southward. Therefore, the Qiu Mingmen Wang clan was established in Henan very early. During the Qin and Han dynasties, Shaanxi, Zhejiang, and Inner Mongolia all had Qiu's. Qiu Jun, a man from Fufeng in Shaanxi in the Western Han Dynasty, held Jie'an to appease the Jianghuai. Later, due to Wang Mang's usurpation , he left Jiangzuo and lived in Wuxing (now Wuxing, Zhejiang). During this period, Qiu Mu's descendants Qiu Yanfeng moved to Shandong and moved to Shandong; Qiu He settled in Kaifeng Fulin Village; Qiu Mao moved to Shanghang County, Tingzhou, Fujian. The "Han Shu Chu Yuan Wang Zhuan" written by Yinghan of the Eastern Han Dynasty contains "Qiu, surname also." It can be seen that the Qiu (Qiu) clan appeared at the latest in the Han Dynasty.

After the Han Dynasty, the Qiu (Qiu) clan was occasionally avoided by Confucius and changed its surname to Qiu . The number of Qiu celebrities was very few in history. Qiu Guangting, a scholar from the Five Dynasties and the Ten Kingdoms , was one of them. During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Gushi Qiu family in Gwangzhou, Henan avoided the war and went south with Lin, Huang, Chen, Zheng, Zhan, He, and Hu (known as the "Eighth Family of Fujian") to live in Putian, Fujian. After the branch Changting, Shanghang and other places. Qiu Mu passed on to the 47th century Qiu Hongda, moved to Sichuan during the Eastern Jin Dynasty and later, and later moved to Henan and transferred to Ninghua, Tingzhou, Fujian. Then he broadcasted the borders of Fujian and Guangdong. In addition, the Qiu (Qiu) clan in Shaanxi's Fufeng area has become a famous family in this period. During the Tang Dynasty, Chen Zheng, Chen Yuanguang and his sons entered Fujian and Zhangzhang, and the Qiu (Qiu) clan had followers. During the Song Dynasty, there were more Qiu (Qiu) clan people living in Fujian. The above-mentioned Zhongqiu (Qiu) clan of the eight ethnic groups in Fujian has branches in Guangdong and resides in Raoping, Meixian, and Longchuan, Guangdong. In the middle of the Northern Song Dynasty, a branch of Qiu Xiu in Henan moved to Putian, Fujian, and its sons came to fruition and moved to Raoping, Guangdong. During the Ming Dynasty, there were also settlements of the Qiu (Qiu) clan in Guizhou, Yunnan and other places. Later generations of Qiu Xiuxiu moved to Changting, Fujian, Shanghang, and Guangdong to transfer to equal land in Guangdong. Shaanxi, Shandong, Hebei, Henan, Beijing, Tianjin and other places have immigrants from Shanxi Dahuaishuqiu (Qiu). In the early Qing dynasty, many Taiwanese came from Fujian and Guangdong, and the two Qiu (Qiu) clan members belonged to Qiu Xiuxiu. In the three years of Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty, Emperor Yongzheng evaded the name of Kong Qiu, and the Qiu family in the world changed their surname to Qiu. At this point, the Qiu (Qiu) family became a large family.

Today, the Qiu (Qiu) clan is especially composed of Sichuan, Hunan, Guangdong, Hubei and other provinces. The Qiu (Qiu) clan in these four provinces accounts for more than 50% of the population of the Qiu (Qiu) clan in the country.

Hall number

Henan Church: Wangli Church, also known as Sanchuan Church and Hanoi Church.
Wu Xingtang: Yi Wang Li Tang, also known as Wu Cheng Tang and Huzhou Tang.
Liaodong Hall: Wangli Hall, also known as Fuyu Hall, Xiangping Hall, Liaoyang Hall, Ling Dong Hall.
Fufeng Hall: Yili Hall, also known as Xingping Hall, Xianyang Hall, Baili Hall, Chiyang Hall, and Haotang Hall.

Wenzhuangtang: Qiu Jun from Ming Dynasty, Shangshu from the official ceremony department , bachelor of Wenyuange University . He is familiar with contemporary allusions and writes "Yu Yan Yi Bu", which includes political, economic, cultural, educational, judicial, military, and other aspects. He draws on previous discussions and expresses his opinions according to the language. Representative works include "Qiu Wenzhuang Collection".

Rank

The Quzhou family of Chuzhou, Sichuan: "De Zong has Qingru".

Qiu Family, Yixian County, Sichuan Province: "Jie Chengjun will maintain his virginity and worship a sacred method, and it should be true. He should be the one who follows the path. Martial arts glory from Yongmao Bandai. "

Sichuan Qiu's generation: "Feng Zhaolong Zhang Tiandi Yongchang civilization vigorously leads the world in morality".

Sichuan Qiu's word generation: "Zhi Shishao from Shanqi."

Characters of Qiu Family in Wuhan, Hubei: "Benevolence and Enlightenment".

The generation of Qiu in Huangpi, Hubei: "The ancestors inherited the ancestors first and then forever."

Hubei Songzi Qiu Zizi Generation: "Guang Cheng Chuan Moral."

Fujian Qiucheng, Lecheng Guan: "The ancestors, gentry, benevolence, ancestors, thick ze, long cults, and Confucianism have been passed down from Confucianism, and there is an article about the founding of the nation, the loyalty of Zhong Zhongqi."

Fujian Qishui Nan Qiu's character generation: "The ancestors, gentry, benevolence, ancestors, thick ze, long, and long Confucianism have been passed down from Confucianism.

The generation of the Qiu family in Nanjing, Jiangsu: "The ancestor Dehong started the school and continued forever."

The character generation of Qiu family in Yancheng, Jiangsu: "Grand Hall Jin Zhongxiao".

Jiangxi Wanan Qiu's character generation: "Li Kainan Qiwei was first presented to Rui Chongyuan Dafaxiang Family".

The Qiu family of Jiangxi: "You Fa Zhengang Chang Shili heir Sheng Hua Guohuan article".

The Qiu family of Qiongjiang in Hunan Province: "Weiyuan water flows far away from the Longshan Mountains, and the long-time leader was Gao Xiang, Chu Shengmou, Modian Gongye, Long Yiding, and Dingdong, a famous town.

Characters of Qiu Family in Shenyang, Liaoning and Qinghe, Hebei: "Gold and silver pass million ..."

Qiu's generation: "De Gao Guangguo is loyal and heirloom."

Qiu's generation: "Yong Shao Shu Yi Shi Liang".

Qiu's one-word generation: "The morals, the mystery, the truth, and the truth, often keep the Taiqing Yiyang to come in duplicates. Yong Tianming to Lizong.

Celebrities

Qiu Xinggong: (586-665) General of the early Tang Dynasty. Qiu Hezi, Luoyang, Henan. You Yong, good riding and shooting. In the last years of Emperor Sui's great cause, he gathered in the western part of Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi) to protect the old city (now Xian County, Shaanxi), suppress the local "slaves" and collect his soldiers. Li Yuanjin according to Guanzhong, he led the congregation Li Shimin in Weibei and followed Changan. Later, he defeated Xue Ju, Liu Wuzhou , Wang Shichong , Dou Jiande, etc. from the world, and frequently performed battles. In Zhenguan, he set Ping Gaochang from Hou Jun and entered General Wuhou. Gaozong (650) was established, moved to the general, Jizhou (now southwest of Gaoyi County, Hebei), and Shaanxi (now Sanmenxia City, Henan Province). In the battle of the annihilation Wang Shichong, he broke into the enemy line with Li Shimin. Shimin mounted his arrow. He dismounted his horse and pulled out an arrow. He walked the horse with Shiji and walked in front of the horse. In front of Emperor Taizong's tomb, there is a stone carving of his arrow (the stone carving is now in the Museum of Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, the other is a museum). Lin De died in two years (664) and was eighty years old.

Qiu Chuji : a native of Qixia, Dengzhou (now Shandong Province), one of the Taoist Quanzhen Taoist Northern Qizhengs, and the founder of Longmen Taoist. Genghis Khan honored him as a "fairy". His works include "Directing the Great Dan", "On the News of Ingestion", "Shifanxi Collection" and so on.

Last name culture