Lankao County, Henan Province, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, Linzi, Shandong Province
The Guan (Guǎn) family name has three origins: 1. It is from the Ji family name, after the King Zhou Wen, the country name. According to "Tongzhi · Clan Profile", "The Origin of Chinese Surnames" and "Guangyun", after the destruction of Shang Zhou, King Zhou Wu established the Zhou Dynasty and sealed his three younger brothers. Zhengzhou), established the governing country. After the death of Uncle Guan, his descendants used his formerly named "Guan" as his surname and called his surname Guan. 2. Department of Ji surname, after King Zhou Mu, with Yi as the clan. According to "Tongzhi · Clan Profile" and "Custom Customs", when Zhou Mu was king, his sister-in-law was enclosed in Guanyi, until Guanzhong appeared in Qi, and the descendants of the next generation took Yi as the clan. 3. Change the surname from another tribe. The Guarjia family of the Xibe ethnic group, the Han family name is the tube.
Guan Zhong. His name is Yiwu, and his death name is Jingjing. A native of Yingshang (now Anhui Province), a famous statesman of the Qi State in the Spring and Autumn Period, after King Zhou Mu. Guan Zhongyuan assisted the son-in-law and shot the son-in-law Xiaobai with an arrow. The son-in-law escaped from the calamity by pretending to be dead. Later the son-in-law returned to the throne, namely Qi Chenggong . Regardless of his previous suspicions, he reused Guan Zhong as a phase, Guan Zhong thanked Dade, and assisted Qi Xiong to implement the reform. He accumulate wealth, honored King Yi, the princes of Jiuhe, and the world, making Qi Xiong the top of the Spring and Autumn Period . Uncle Guan was killed because of the rebellion, and his name was broken. And Guan Zhong was famous and possessed both morality and talent. He also made the surname of Mu Wang Zhixuan famous. Therefore, the descendants of Guan surnamed Guan Zhong as the ancestor of the surname.
It can be seen from the above that the two surnames are the main source of the surname, or after the king of Wen, or after the king of Mu, both are from the surname Ji, and have a common blood relationship. Among the many princely states in the Western Zhou Dynasty, Guanguo was a nation and died early. Uncle Guan was rarely exiled. His offspring scattered and lived in different places. When Qilu was prosperous, most of his descendants relocated to Shandong, and also migrated south to Anhui and northern Jiangsu. And eastern Henan. In the Spring and Autumn Period, in addition to Guan Zhong, there were also Guan Zhifu from the same age as Qi Guo. It can be seen here that the surname still mainly breeds in Shandong. During the Western Han Dynasty, the surnames seen in the annals of history were Mrs. Gao Zufei Guan, Li Lingjun Hou Guangan, Yan Ling Guan Shaoqing, and the Guanjun Plain should be formed during the Qin and Han dynasties. In the Eastern Han Dynasty , the leader of the peasant army was Guan Hai. He was also a Qi man. He served as a tyrant in the middle and a man named Bo in Dunqiu (now Qingfeng, Henan Province). At the beginning of the Eastern Han Dynasty, there was Guan Si, who once served as the military deputy of Shandong Province, moved from Yangzhang Dam, Zhaoxianli, Ningyang, Fujian (now Ninghua Shuiqian Zhangfang Village). In the Three Kingdoms , Zhu Xu (now Lintong, Shandong Province) was in charge of Ninghai, and he lived in Liaodong for more than 30 years. During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, due to social turmoil, surnames to avoid chaos were those who went to Qinlong in the west, and to Xiaoxiang in the south. According to "The Genealogy of Guan Clan ": "Qi Lu has Guan Zhong descendants, Qin Long has Guan Guan descendants, Huxiang has Guan Xi descendants, and Liaodong has Guan Ning descendants." Army chief Guan Chong is from Jinling County (now Changzhou, Jiangsu Province). During the Tang and Song dynasties, Guan surname flourished in Jiangnan. During the Tang dynasty after the Five Dynasties, Guan Si had his descendants, Zhenlang, and returned to live in the Jiangxi belt source. Later his descendants spread to Fujian, Guangdong, and Jiangxi. Song poetry Guan Jian, followed by his father, moved from Longquan to Linchuan (now Jiangxi Province). In the Yuan Dynasty, the Hanlin bachelor managed Kai Kai, Guangshan, Henan. In the early Ming Dynasty, a branch of Guangshan moved to Xincai. At the same time, as one of the migrant surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong, Shanxi, in the Ming Dynasty , Guan was relocated to Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Shaanxi, Tianjin, Jiangsu, and Anhui. According to the "Inscriptions and Tablets of Jinshi Scholars of the Ming and Qing Dynasties", during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there were fifty-five Jinshis and the first, and thirty-five were from Jiangsu, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang. Excluding their unique cultural atmosphere, explain Guan surnames are widely distributed in these three places, and in the south there are two in Hubei and one in Yunnan. In the north, there are Yinzhou (five), Gaomi (two) in Shandong, and Xianning (two) in Shaanxi. The distribution of the surnames can be seen from this period. At this time, the surnames are those who cross the sea to Taiwan and live overseas. Another Shandong surname made a living in Kanto. Today, surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Jiangsu, Shandong and other provinces. The surnames in the two provinces account for about 63% of the Han population in China. The surname is the 140th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.9% of the Han population in China.