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Shi Shi

Distribution area

West of the Yellow River in Gansu Province, east of Wuwei, Hebei Province, Liaoning Province, along the Bohai Bay coast

Historical source

`` Stone '' comes out

First, surnamed Ji . According to "Yuanhe Surname Compilation", it was after the patriarch Shi Jing in the Spring and Autumn Period. And "Spring and Autumn Sons Spectrum" cloud, followed by Shi Jizhong. 2. According to "Tang Shu", it is one of "Zhaowu nine surnames". At that time, there was a Kangju country in the North Zhaowu City of Qilian Mountains (now in Linze County, Gansu Province). After being defeated by the Huns, they moved to the river basins of Amu and Xi'er in Central Asia, and established Kang, An, Cao, Shi, Mi, He, Nine small countries such as history, fire, hunting, and lands were called "Zhaowu nine surnames". During the reign of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty, the nine surnames belonged to the mainland. Among them is Shi's . The country of Shi Guo is in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Third, the Northern and Southern Dynasties changed their surnames. According to "The Book of Wei and Officials", the Northern Wei Dynasty had a surname of Wu Shilan, which was changed to a single surname after entering the Central Plains. According to " Hou Zhaolu ", Ran Min changed his surname to Shi Min . " North History " contains, Lou has changed his surname to Shi.

Distribution of Shixing

The contemporary surname of Shi has reached more than 3.6 million, making it the 71st surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.35% of the country's population. In the 1000 years since the Song Dynasty , the population growth rate of Shi surname is V-shaped. The current Shi surnames are mainly concentrated in the five provinces of Sichuan, Hunan, Shandong, Henan, and Hebei, accounting for about 4l% of the total population of Shi surnames, followed by Guizhou, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Hubei, Shanxi, and Jiangsu. It has a population of 28%. Sichuan I lives 9% of Shi's total population, making it the largest province in Shi's name. There are two stone surname gathering areas centered on Sichuan, Guixiang and Lujiyu. The frequency distribution of Shi surnames in the population shows that Shi surnames are one of the more common surnames in the north and southwest of the Yangtze River. In Yungui, southern Sichuan, most of Chongqing, western Hunan, northwest Guangxi, southwest and northwest corners of Hubei, southeast Shaanxi, most Gansu, eastern Qinghai, most Hebei, Beijing and Tianjin, northern Shandong, eastern Shanxi, northern Henan, and central Inner Mongolia With the northeast, northern Liaoning, and the northern end of Heilongjiang, the proportion of the Shi surname generally accounts for more than 0.44% of the local population, and the central area reaches more than 1.5%. Its coverage area accounts for about 24% of the total area of the country, and about 38.5% of the population lives in Shi. Last name crowd. In most of Sichuan, northwest of Chongqing, most of Shaanxi, Ningxia, southern Gansu, western Shanxi, western and eastern Inner Mongolia, most of Henan, and south of the mountain. , Wan. Northern Nu'ersu, central Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, western and southern Liaoning, western Jilin, northeastern and northern Heilongjiang, the proportion of Shi surnames in the local population generally ranges from 0.33% to 0.44%, and its coverage area accounts for about 13.4%, living in about 33.5% of the Shi family.

Celebrities

Shi Shen: Wei nationality, astronomer and astrologer in the middle of the Warring States Period. The date of birth and death is unknown, and lived around the 4th century BC. Author of "Astronomy" 8 volumes, this book was revered as " Shi Shixing Jing" after the Western Han Dynasty. The famous "Gan Shi Xing Jing" entrusted future generations with names Gand and Shi Shen.

Shi Jinglian : Born in the first year of Tang Jingfu (892), Jintianfu seven years (942) after death, Taiyuan Shatuo , founder of the Jin Dynasty in the fifth generation, later Jin Gaozu , reigned from 936 to 942.

Shi Shouxin : (928-984), general in the early Northern Song Dynasty. Kaifeng Junyi (now Kaifeng, Henan). And Zhao Kuangyin became brothers of the righteous society.

Last name culture