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Cui

Distribution area

Area from Qinghe, Hebei to Linqing, Shandong

Historical source

`` Cui '' originated

The surname of Cui (Cuī) comes from two sources: 1. From surname Jiang . The name is Yap. According to the " New Tang Book · Prime Minister's Genealogy Table" and "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and other materials, the descendants of Yan Emperor Shennong , the eldest son Ji Zi, the emperor of the Qi Kingdom in the Western Zhou Dynasty, once eaten in Cui Yi (now Shandong Zhangqiu City), whose descendants take Yi as the clan, and is the surname of Shandong Cui . 2. Named from the minority Cui. ① Among the surnames of the Manchus , there is the surname Cui, and the northern Tieling Jurchen Abdulge Thousand Households Cui bite and Cui Wan uses Cui as the surname. Manchu surnames include : Cui Mulu , Cui Jia , and Cui Zhuke. ② The Yi, Hui, Mongolian and Tu ethnic groups all have the surname Cui.

Migration distribution

During the pre-Qin period, Cui surnamed Qi Qing's doctor and was active in Shandong. During the Qin and Han dynasties, the surname Cui developed rapidly, and became a clan surnamed in the Hebei region. This source was used to relocate around. Everyone seeking the ancestors of Cui surnamed Qinghe and Boling County. Cui surnamed from the Western Han Dynasty to the Song Dynasty. From Wei Jin to the early Tang Dynasty, the surname of the clan was ranked first, and the surname of Cui was the first. Even the surname of the country was surpassed by Li , showing the glory of the surname Cui. Especially in the Tang Dynasty, the surname Cui was the most prominent. Among the prime ministers were 11 from Qinghe and 12 from Boling. After the Song Dynasty , Cui surnames were more widely distributed. During the Song Dynasty, Cui had about 370,000 people, accounting for 0.48% of the country's population, ranking 43rd. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Hebei, Shaanxi, and Henan. The three provinces, Cui, account for about 54% of the total population of Cui, followed by Shandong, Guangdong, Anhui, and Jiangsu. Hebei is the largest province with the surname Cui, and it accounts for 24% of the total population of the surname Cui. At that time, the Ji, Yu and Qin areas were the gathering centers of Cui. During the Ming Dynasty, Cui had about 350,000 people, accounting for 0.38% of the country's population, and was the 66th largest surname of the Ming Dynasty. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanxi, and Hebei. The four provinces, Cui, account for about 73% of the total population of Cui, followed by Jiangxi and Henan. Cui's population in Jiangsu Province accounts for about 24.6% of Cui's total population, making it the largest province of Cui. The population movement of Cui surnamed from the north to the southeast of the country has re-formed the Cui surnamed population gathering areas in the north of Shandong, Hebei, and Shanxi, and Jiangsu in the south.

The contemporary surname Cui has a population of more than 4.2 million and is the 58th surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.34% of the national population. In the 1000 years since the Song Dynasty, Cui's population has been declining. The distribution across the country is currently concentrated in Shandong, Hebei, and Henan. The three provinces, Cui, account for 42% of Cui's total population. Followed by Liaoning, Shanxi, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, and Jilin, the Cui surnames in these six provinces concentrated another 32%. There are two Cui surnamed areas in Guannan, Luji, Henan and Heijiliao, Guanwai. During the 600 years since the Ming Dynasty, the migration of Cui surname from the southeast to North and Central China is very strong, and the Cui surname in the northeast has grown rapidly. Cui is one of the more common surnames in North and Northeast China. The frequency distribution of Cui surnames among the population shows that in Lu Yujin, Ji Jingjin, Hei Jiliao, most of Inner Mongolia, most of Shaanxi, eastern end of Gansu, northern Hubei and Anhui, the surname of Cui generally accounts for 0.6% of the local population. Above, the central area can reach more than 1.4%. The area covered above accounts for about 25.4% of the total land area, and about 7l% of the Cui people live. In most parts of Gansu, Ningxia, the southern tip of Shaanxi, central and western Inner Mongolia, northern Sichuan and Chongqing, most of Hubei, central Anhui and Jiangsu, and central Yunnan, the percentage of the surname Cui generally ranges from 0.3% to 0.6% of the local population. The area occupies about 14.6% of the total land area, and about 14% of the Cui people live in it.

Celebrities

Cui Yun: An Eastern Historian, an Anping County (now Anping County, Hebei Province). Shao was on par with Ban Gu and Fu Yi. He used to be a prince, and later changed the main book. He wrote "Dazhi" and so on. His son Cui Wei, the official to the Jibei phase. As a famous calligrapher, Gongzhang Cao, his book "Small point painting, God can be changed without hindrance", known as "Caoxian" and author of "Caoshu potential".

Cui Hong : The word Yan Yan, Dongqing Hexuan (Xiajin County in ancient times was called Li County). Born about the beginning of Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty (471-499), he died in the year of Xiaochang of the Northern Wei Dynasty (525-527). He was a famous historian during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties . Author of "The Sixteen Kingdoms Spring and Autumn".

Cui Hao : Born in Luzhou (now Kaifeng, Henan Province), a great poet of the Tang Dynasty , and an official from the official to the official. In the early days, there were many boudoir love poems, the poetic style was flamboyant, and the later poetic style was generous and heroic. Later generations edited his poems into "Cui Hao Ji".

Cui Shu: Daming (now Hebei Province), Qing historian, research scholar. The word Chengwu (1740-1816), No. Dongbi, Hebei celebrity. Qianlong raised people. Former Luoyuan, Fujian, Shanghang County. During his tenure, he is well-known for his pros and cons. After 30 years of age, due to the discrepancy between Qunjing's biography and Zhushuduo and the original scriptures, he conducted research based on suspicion to discern the authenticity. He examines the ancient events of the pre-Qin dynasty, and everything is believed. The books below the Warring States Period were considered unbelievable, so they specialized in ancient history. It has influenced the suspicion of ancient books and events in modern history. His books are mainly based on "Cross Test Records", including "Three Generations Test Records", "Feng Gao Test Records", "Shengsi Test Records", etc., which have been printed as "Cui Dongbi's Testament".

Cui Qi: (1939—), a native of Baofeng, Henan Province, winner of the Chinese Nobel Prize in Physics, a famous physicist, and a professor in the Department of Electronic Engineering at Princeton University.

Last name culture