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Gong

Distribution area

Junling Wuling County: In the Western Han Dynasty, the rule was in Yiling (now Xupunan, Hunan Province), and the Eastern Han Dynasty moved to Lintong (now Changde, Hunan Province). Liugui: Refers to the reputation of "six surnames Lianfang", where the Sui Dynasty ruled Min County (now Fuzhou, Fujian Province), and the Tang Dynasty moved to Jinjiang (now Quanzhou, Fujian Province).

Historical source

Gong Origin

First, changed by Gongshi. According to "Differentiation of Surnames of Ancient and Modern Surnames": the first communist family, refuge, and Gong. It was about the time of the Qin and Han dynasties at the end of the Warring States Period. 2. Tang's "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" cloud: After the work , there are Gong and Gong Ershi. This is the phrase attached to the myth and legend.

Hall number

Zhongyintang: During the Song Dynasty , Gong Zongyuan served as Jurong County Magistrate . He is like a fairy in solving crimes, digging Tibetan prisoners, and hunting down fugitives. On one occasion, Yang Hong (the younger brother of Emperor Sui Wendi ) was ordered to inspect various places for the cruel and harsh government. But when he arrived at the border of Jurong, he said to others, "This place has been well managed by Mr. Gong. I will go there again, shouldn't I bother him with trouble?" So he went elsewhere without entering. Gong Zongyuan's official to the capital member Wai Lang. A "Hidden Hall" was built after retirement. Both the court and the field praised him as "a virtuous character" (a young man with high morality). In addition, Gong 's main hall names are: "Liugui Hall", "Zhongyin Hall", "Gengdu Hall", "Bohai Hall" and so on.

Migration distribution

During the Song Dynasty, Gong surnamed about 150,000, accounting for 0.2% of the country's population, ranking 84th. The largest province of Gong surname is Anhui, accounting for about 19.3% of the total population of Gong surname in the country. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Anhui, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Hunan, Fujian, and Hebei. The six provinces Gong surname account for about 81% of the total population of the country. Secondly distributed in Guangdong, Shandong, Zhejiang, Henan and other provinces. Three clusters of Gong surnames centered around Anhui and Jiangsu in the east, Hebei in the north, and Jiangxi in the south are formed throughout the country. During the Ming Dynasty, Gong surnamed about 300,000 people, accounting for 0.32% of the country's population, ranking 71st. During the Ming Dynasty, Jiangsu was the largest province with a surname of Gong, accounting for about 25.7% of the total population of Gong. The distribution in the country is mainly concentrated in Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Fujian. The four provinces Gong surname account for about 76% of the total population of Gong surname, followed by Hubei, Sichuan, and Hunan. The three provinces Gong surname have concentrated another 17% . During the Song, Yuan, and Ming dynasties, the distribution pattern of Gong surnames changed greatly, and its population moved mainly from north to southeast. Gong surnames, such as Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Fujian, have been re-formed throughout the country. The contemporary Han ethnic Gong surname has a population of 2 million, which is the first surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.16% of the national population. In the 600 years from the Ming Dynasty to the present, the population of Gong surname increased from 300,000 to more than 2 million, nearly 7 times. The population growth rate of Gong surname was lower than the national population. In the 1000 years since the Song Dynasty, the population growth rate of Gong surname has been ^ -shaped. The distribution of Gong surnames in the country is currently concentrated in the four provinces of Hunan, Jiangsu, Hubei, and Sichuan, accounting for about 43% of the total population of the Gong surname, followed by Henan, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Chongqing, and Shanghai. Gong surname has concentrated another 26%. Hunan is the largest province with a surname of Gong, accounting for 13% of the total population of Gong. A high-ratio Gong surname distribution belt has been formed throughout the Yangtze River. In the past 600 years, the degree and direction of Gong's population movement have been greatly different from those of the Song, Yuan, and Ming dynasties. The relocation from the east to Central China, North China, and Sichuan has become the mainstream of Gong's migration. The frequency distribution of Gong surnames in the population shows that in Hunan, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, northeast Yunnan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Jiangsu, Shanghai, northern Fujian, southern Anhui, northwest Guangxi, and eastern Heji, Gong surnames the local population. Generally, the proportion reaches more than 0.3%, and the central area can reach more than 0.5%. The area covered by the above area accounts for about 16% of the total area of the country. About 52% of the Gong people live in this area. In eastern Zhejiang, most of Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Taiwan, most of Yunnan, four JI's north, eastern Qinghai, most of Gansu, Ningxia, southern Shaanxi and Henan, central and western Inner Mongolia, northern Hubei, northern Anhui, southeast Shandong, and northwestern corner of Jiangsu , Central Heilongjiang and eastern Jilin, the proportion of Gong surname to the local population is 0.12%. Between 3% and 27% of the country's total area, about 39% of Gong people live in this area.

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