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Duan

Distribution area

County Wangjingzhao County: In the first year of the Han Tai Dynasty, the right internal history was changed to Jingzhaoyin, which governed Chang'an. The Three Kingdoms Wei changed its jurisdiction to Jingzhao County. Wuwei County: The Han Dynasty set up the county in the former Xiongnu Xiutu King and ruled Wuwei. The ancestor of this branch is the Western Han Dynasty. Fufeng County: Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty placed Fufu in the first year of the first year as one of the three assistants. In the Three Kingdoms, it was changed to Fufeng County, where it was located in Huaili. Western Jin Dynasty moved to Chiyang. Tianshui County: Emperor Wu Ding of the Western Han Dynasty was set up in three years (114 BC), which is equivalent to today's Gansu Province, Tianshui and east of Longxi. The governing body is in Pingxiang (now northwest of Tongwei County, Gansu Province). In the seventeenth year of the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 74), it was changed to Hanyang County. The Three Kingdoms Wei was still changed to Tianshui County.

Historical source

"Segment" origin

There are five origins of Duàn: 1. Ji Ji is the descendant of Zheng Wugong 's son Gongshu Duan in the Spring and Autumn Period. According to "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and " Historical Records of Zheng Shijia" and other materials, in the Spring and Autumn Period, Zheng Wugong's wife, Wu Jiang , had difficulty giving birth to her son Zhuanggong, and her second son uncle Duan went well, so she liked uncle Duan and Don't like Zhuanggong. When Zheng Wugong was seriously ill, she asked Wu Gong to abolish Chang Liyou. Zheng Wugong did not agree. After Zhuang Gong became the emperor of Zheng Guo , Wu Jiang also requested that the production be unsegmented by Uncle Duan. Zhuang Gong did not agree, but sealed the capital to Uncle Duan. Uncle Duan collusioned with Jiang's family and continued to expand his power and prepare for attacks. Zhuanggong. Zhuanggong learned that he dispatched troops to fight against him. Uncle Duan was defeated and fled to the total, known as Uncle Duan. His children and grandchildren later spread around, some surnames , some are uncles, and others are Gong. This is the origin of the Henan Duanshi . 2. From Fengdi, the place name for the descendants of Duan Qianmu. According to "Historical Records of Lao Tzu Biography", the son of Lao Tzu was the general of Wei in the Spring and Autumn Period. He was sealed by Duan Qian, known as Duan Qianmu, and his descendants had a single surname Duan. This is the origin of the Shanxi Duanshi. 3. From the descendants of Xianbei people in western Liaoning. According to materials such as "Family Name Surname" and "Ci Hai", after the Western Jin Dynasty, a tribal leader of the Xianbei, Tan Shihuai, was called Duanwu Muchen, Duan Pishidan, etc., and was named the Liaoxi Gong. It has 30,000 territories and is located in western Liaoning. Occupied by the late Emperor Zhaodi Shihu during the Sixteen Kingdoms , and later mixed with the Han people, they were merged, and most of them were named Duan. Is the surname of the western Liaoning section. 4. There are two surnames originating from the Yunnan section: ① According to "Family Searching for Surnames": "The Yunnan section of Duan, the late Wei period and the Yan Dynasty were the chief commanders. Gansu Province). "The surname was passed down. ② During the later Jin dynasty, the Baiman Duan Shiping built the Dali dynasty (in the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province today), and his surname was Duan. 5. Surnames from other minorities. The West German Dang nationality is Dao Plei, and Man, Mongolia, Tu and Miao all have a surname.

Ancestor

Uncle Duan. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Zheng Wugong's wife Wu Jiang grew up, and she didn't like it because she had difficulty giving birth. When she gave birth to Uncle Duan, she went well, and the uncle Duan was very talented , so she asked Wu Gongli Uncle Duan to be a Prince. Wu Gong did not agree in the order of elder. After Zhuang Gongsheng was enthroned, Wu Jiang requested that the system (now Luoshui, Henan Province) be sealed to his uncle, Zhuanggong disagreed, and the capital city (now Yangyang, Henan Province) be sealed to his younger brother, known as "Uncle Beijing." The uncle and mother-in-law love, and Wu Jiang should openly recruit soldiers to buy horses in an attempt to win the position of brother. Just when he is ready to move, the well-prepared Zheng Zhuanggong preemptively attacked the capital and defeated his uncle. Uncle Duan fled to Gong (now Huixian County, Henan Province), and he was called Gong Shudu. His descendants were different from that of King Zheng's family. He took the word of the prince as his ancestor, and Feng Gong uncle Duan was the ancestor of his surname.

Hall number

Junyao Tang: During the Warring States Period, Duan Qianmu of Wei Kingdom refused to be an official, but King Wenwen thought he was very capable, so he personally visited the door, and Duan Mugan jumped off the wall to hide and refused to meet him. Wen Hou still respects him, standing on the crossbar of the car every time he passes by his door, and says, "Duan Qianmu is a sage, can I not hesitate?" In addition, Duan's main church The numbers also include: "Wuwei Hall", "Jingzhao Hall", "Jin Silk Hall", "Yu Qing Hall", "Doushou Hall", "Ji Feng Hall" and so on.

Migration distribution

According to "Root-seeking and Tracing", there are four origins of Duan: 1. 1. The uncle Duan's escape area is located in Huixian, northern Henan today; Wei Jiangzong, whose country is under the jurisdiction of present-day southeast Shanxi and northern Henan; 3. 3. The place where the Xianbei Duan surname is sealed is located in western Liaoning; Yunnan. In the early period, the surname of Duan was the most prosperous in Shaanxi and Gansu. Later, the surname of Duan was mainly based on these two places, and expanded the Quartet. In the Western Han Dynasty, Duan served as the governor of the north, and Xuansun Duanzhen served as the prince of Wuwei. His descendants lived here, and they became a large family, forming Wuwei County, and respected Duanzhen as the founding ancestor. During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties , the Duan surname was moved to various places because of officialdom or to avoid war. Duan Zhen's descendants Duan Rong served as the assassin of the Northern Weiding and Qin dynasties, Duan Yun served as the prime minister of the Northern Qi Dazhai, Fengyuan Zhongwu King, Duan Yunyuan served as the assassination history of Zhengzhou, Duan Yun served as the Dali division and merged Sui and Shuo assassination history. The surnames of this branch can be described as officials and endless. In addition, the place where the surname of Xianbei Duan lived was destroyed by the later Zhao Emperor Shihu, and the tribe lived with the Han people, and gradually became integrated. The surname of Duan in the Tang Dynasty is still mostly in the northern population. The Duan branch still has more official positions in this period. It mainly resides in Xi'an, Shaanxi, and Henan. It has a thriving population and a large family. Duan Wenchang served as prime minister of Mu Zongshi. Later Jin Dynasty had Bai Man (predecessor of the Bai ethnic group) Duan Shiping built the Dali dynasty, and his descendants successively ruled for 317 years, which led to the rapid development of the surname Duan in Yunnan. Today, Dali is still one of the surnames in Dali. In the Song and Yuan Dynasties, in order to avoid the war disaster brought by the Jin people going south and the Mongolian army into the Central Plains, they went south to inject new power into the development of the south. In the Ming Dynasty , the surname of Shanxi Dahuai Shuji was moved to Shandong, Henan, Hebei, Gansu, Shaanxi, and Hubei. In the Qing Dynasty , there was no large-scale migration of Duan surnames. Duan surnames in various regions reproduced smoothly and covered widely. Today, the surnames of Duan are more common in Sichuan, Shanxi, Hebei, Yunnan and other provinces. The above four provinces account for about 58% of the population of the Han nationality in China . The Duan surname is the eighty-seventh largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.23% of the Han population in China.

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