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Shi

Distribution area

Wuxing County: The county was established in the Zhou Dynasty . During the Three Kingdoms period, Wu Guobao Ding was set up in the first year (Bingji, 266 AD). The government was located in Wucheng (now Wuxing, Zhejiang), taking the meaning of the prosperity of Wu Guo. From Lin'an, Zhejiang Province to Yixing, Jiangsu Province. In the early years of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (Yiyi, 405 AD), it moved to Wuxing (now Wuxing, Zhejiang). At that time, the jurisdiction was in the northwest of Lin'an City, Huzhou City, Yuyao City, Hangzhou City, and Deqing County. County in Yixing, Jiangsu. In the second year of Renshou of the Sui Dynasty (Reign, 602 AD), it was renamed Huzhou because of its location near Taihu Lake. During the Tang Dynasty , Huzhou was also changed to Wuxing County.

Historical source

"Shi" originated

There are five origins of Shi (Shī): 1. After the surname of Ji , the son of Lu Hui in the Spring and Autumn Period, the ancestral word is the clan. According to the "Tongzhi · Clan slightly · Taking the word as the clan" and "Yuanhe surname compilation", etc., in the Spring and Autumn Period, Lu Huigong (Ji, after the Yellow Emperor ) gave birth to a son and gave his father a word, and his descendants took the ancestor as the surname , Passed down from generation to generation, known as Shi's . 2. It was born in the summer time, and after the public clan in the summer time, it was named after the country. According to "Summary of Surnames", the princes in the summer time had the Shi family (the old site is in the current area of Enshi, Hubei Province). After the country's death, the descendants of their ancestors named the family name , and the family name was passed down from generation to generation. 3. From the child's surname, Shi is one of the seven ethnic groups of merchants. According to "Zuo Zhuan", at the beginning of the week, Uncle Kang, the brother of the King of War, was named Weihou, and he was divided into "Yinmin Seven Clan": Dow , Shi, Fan (one name), Shi, Hung , Fan's and Zhongkui's. Shi is a banner-making craftsman, and his descendants have passed on the surname Shi, which is called Shi. 4. Fang's surname is Fang Xiaofang's concubine Fang in the Ming Dynasty , and changed his name to Shi when he took refuge. According to the note in the Dictionary of Surnames: "The family name was changed. After Fang Xiaoyu was killed in the Ming Dynasty, his family fled, fearing that Zhulian changed the family name. The word" Shi "was split into" Fangren also. "5. From other clan changed surname. For example, the Bai people in Yunnan take the conch as a totem clan, and the Han family name is Shi; in the Ming and Qing dynasties, there was a Shi family name in Yunnan; the Manchu people who lived in Shenyang had this family name; today Jing, Yi, Miao, Mongolia, Dai, Nuo, Nu, Naxi, Dai and other ethnic groups have this surname.

Ancestor

Shi Fu. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the son of the monarch Hui Gong of Lu Kingdom , the name is born, the word is father, and the person is called father. He served as a doctor when he was a grandfather of Lu Ying. It is said that he was proficient in music, and had observed the changes in the attitude of visiting Prince Cao Guo's music appreciation, asserting that Cao Bo (King Guo Cao) would soon be dead and fruitful. Xiong Gong respected Shi Gong's talents and entrusted them to reuse. When it was passed to Shi Gongzhi's uncle Sun Xiaoshu, his ancestor name was used as a surname to show that he was different from other families. Therefore, the name of the father of the father was formed. They respected the father as the ancestor of the surname.

Migration distribution

In the pre-Qin period, Shi began to move around Shandong and Anhui. He was then forced to move west to the north of Henan, then south to the Shi'en area in Hubei and south to Hunan and Guizhou. Formed the main habitat of the Southwest Shi surname. The south branch of the ancient Shi Kingdom in Anhui is the most important of immigrants. During the Tang Dynasty , the Shi family was formed in Wuxing County, Huzhou, Zhejiang. By the Tang and Song dynasties, the surname Shi had spread to all parts of Jiangnan. During the Song Dynasty, Shi surnamed nearly 130,000, accounting for 0.17% of the country's population, ranking 93rd. Zhejiang and Sichuan are big provinces with surnames, accounting for about 17% of the total population of the country. The distribution across the country is mainly concentrated in Zhejiang, Sichuan, Jiangsu, Anhui, and Hubei. These five provinces account for about 70% of the total population of Shi, followed by Shandong, Fujian, and Hebei. At that time, the distribution of Shixing formed two major gathering areas centered on Sichuan, Hubei, and Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Anhui in the east. During the Ming Dynasty, Shi surnamed nearly 250,000 people, accounting for 0.26% of the country's population, ranking eighty-first. Zhejiang is the largest province with a surname of Shi, accounting for about 41% of the total population. The distribution is mainly concentrated in Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, and Jiangsu. These four provinces account for about 8l% of the total population of Shi. For more than 600 years in the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, the population of Shi Xing mainly migrated to the southeast region. Su, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, and Fujian gathered together at that time.

The current Shi family has a population of more than 2.1 million, which is the 97th surname in the country, accounting for about 0.17% of the national population. In the 1000 years since the Song Dynasty, the population increase rate of Shi surname has been on the rise. Currently, the surname of Shi is mainly concentrated in the three provinces of Jiangsu, Fujian, and Zhejiang, accounting for about 51% of the total population of Shi. Secondly, it is located in Shanghai, Hubei, Anhui, Taiwan, Yunnan, and Guangxi. These six provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities account for another 28%. The country still uses Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Fujian as the center for collecting surnames. The distribution frequency of surnames in the population shows that in Zhejiang, Shanghai and Taiwan, most of Jiangsu, southeast Anhui, east Jiangxi, most Fujian, Yunnan, southern Sichuan, and Guizhou In the southwest, the western and southern parts of Guangxi, northeastern Inner Mongolia, and northwest Heilongjiang, Shi surnames generally account for more than 0.3% of the local population, and the central area can reach more than 1%. The land area covered by the above areas accounts for about 13.3% of the total area of the country. The area is populated by about 55% of the surnamed population. In the northern part of Jiangsu, southwest Anhui, most parts of Jiangxi, Hubei, most parts of Sichuan, Guizhou, southern Chongqing, most parts of Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, eastern Qinghai, central Gansu, northwestern Ningxia, eastern Shandong, Heijiliao, eastern Inner Mongolia, Surnames generally account for between 0.1% and 0.3% of the local population. The area covered by the above areas accounts for approximately 29.8% of the country's total area, and about 35% of the people living in the region live in this area.

Celebrities

Shih Tzu : Beauty in Spring and Autumn. Birth and death years are unknown. Born in Yueguo (now south of Zhuji County, Zhejiang Province). Originally a raccoon girl, Shi Yue ’s Wang Jujian was defeated by Wu. Wanting to offer beautiful women to chase their politics, Fan Xi offered Xi Shi, Wu Wang Yue, confused and forgotten, and later destroyed by Yue. See "Han˙ Zhao 晔 ˙Wu Yue Chunqiu˙Volume Nine Haiku Jian Conspiracy". Also known as Xizi , Xianshi.

Shi Naihuan: (1296 ~ 1371) The name Zi'an (a name of the ear), also known as Zhao Rui, the word Yanduan, the name Naihuan. Hometown: Xinghua, Jiangsu. His ancestral home was in Hailing County, Taizhou, and he lived in Shijia Lane outside Suzhou Jianmen. He later moved to Baijuchang, Xinghua County (now Baiju Town, Dafeng City, Jiangsu Province). Identity: A famous ancient Chinese writer, a person from the late Yuan Dynasty to the early Ming Dynasty, and the author of " Water Margin ", one of the four classic Chinese classics .

Shi Lang : The word Zun Hou, No. Zhuo Gong, was born in Jinjiang in the Qing Dynasty. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, Zheng Zhilong was a general general. After the Qing Dynasty, the platform bay, the Zheng family , Feng Jinghaihou, died and died.

Last name culture