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Hou

Distribution area

Northwest Hebei Province

Historical source

"Hou" comes from:

First, surnamed Ji . The title is title. According to the " New Tang Book · Chronicles of the Prime Minister", in the Spring and Autumn Period, the Jin Dynasty and the brothers were killed by Jin Wugong, and their descendants fled to other countries, using the original title "Hou" as the clan. Hou Yi of Wei State was his descendant. Second, from the surname. According to the "Summary of Surnames" cloud: the descendants of Xiahou Clan were conferred on Hou Guo, and their descendants thought it was Clan. 3. It was changed by the Xianbei's complex surname. According to the "Book of Wei and Officials", in the Northern and Southern Dynasties , the Northern Wei Dynasty had the surnames Hou Nu and Hou Fu of the Beibei . After entering the Central Plains, they were all changed to the single surname "Hou".

Ancestor

The origin of the Hou surname can be traced back to King Zhou Wen. The first surname of Hou, according to the "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" records, in the Spring and Autumn Period, the descendants of the Hou of the Jin Dynasty fled to other countries, taking Hou as the clan. At that time, Zheng Guo had Hou Yiduo, Hou Duoyu, Lu had the Hou Shuxia, Hou Fei, Qi had the Hou Chao, and Wei had the Hou Yi. According to the "Tangshu · Prime Minister's Chronicles", Jin Wuhou was killed by Jin Wugong, and his descendants fled abroad, using the title "Hou" as his surname. According to research, this Hou family is a descendant of King Zhou Wen more than 3,000 years ago and belongs to the authentic source. Therefore, the descendants of Feng Chou Hou were the ancestors of the surname Hou.

Migration distribution

During the pre-Qin period, Hou was active in Henan, Shandong, and southern Shaanxi and Shanxi. During the Qin and Han dynasties, due to the frequent wars in the Central Plains, the Hou family moved north to Hebei and Shanxi, and went west to Gansu and Ningxia. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties of the Jin Dynasty, the surnames of the Xianbei ethnic group were enlarged in the Central Plains, and the surnames of the Inner Mongolia and Liaoning regions increased accordingly. At the same time, the surname of Hou in the northwest region crossed the Qinling Mountains into Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, Guangdong, and the surname of Hou in Central Plains and Shandong went south to Anhui and Jiangsu. By the Tang and Song dynasties, the surname Hou had appeared in Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, and Guangxi. During the Ming Dynasty Yongle reign, Hou entered Taiwan. During the Song Dynasty, there were about 340,000 Hou surnames, accounting for 0.45% of the country's population, ranking 50th. The largest province of Hou surname is Shanxi, which accounts for about 34% of the total population of Hou surname in the country. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Shanxi, Henan, Hunan, and Shaanxi. These four provinces account for about 74% of the total population of Hou, followed by Shandong and Sichuan. The two provinces have another 14%. The population clusters of the two surnames named Qin, Jin, Yu and Lu in the north and Xiangchuan in the south have formed throughout the country. During the Ming Dynasty, there were about 260,000 surnames, accounting for 0.28% of the country's population, ranking 77th. In the 600 years of Song Yuanming's population, the net population growth rate was 20%, and the population growth of Hou surname was negative, with a net decrease of 80,000. In the face of war and massacres, the victims should first be people from the north. Hou surnames are surnames from the north, and they have suffered heavy losses naturally. Shaanxi is the largest province with the last name of Hou, accounting for about 17.6% of the total population of Hou. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Shaanxi, Shanxi, and Zhejiang. These three provinces account for about 44% of the total population of Hou, followed by Shandong, Henan, Gansu, Jiangsu, and Hebei. 33%. In the 600 years of Song Yuanming, the distribution pattern of Hou surname changed greatly, and its population mainly moved from north to southeast and west. In the north, Qin, Jin and Yulu in the north, and Jiangsu and Zhejiang in the southeast, have formed population areas with Hou surnames. The contemporary Hou surname has a population of more than 3 million and is the 77th surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.24% of the country's population. The distribution of Hou surnames in the country is currently concentrated in the three provinces of Henan, Hebei and Shanxi, accounting for about 31% of the total population of Hou surname, followed by Liaoning, Anhui, and Hunan: Guangdong, Sichuan, Shandong, and Heilongjiang. Surnames are concentrated another 36%. Henan has 12% of the total population of Hou, making it the largest province in Hou. Three regions with high ratios of surnames have been formed throughout the country: northern Hebei, Hebei, Shanxi, southern Hunan and Guangdong, and northeast China. The frequency distribution of Hou surname in the population shows that Hou surname is mainly distributed in the area north of the Yangtze River. In Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hebei, Tianjin, Liaoning, Jilin, Ningmenghei, central Gansu, eastern Qinghai, eastern Chongqing and Guizhou, most of Shandong, northern Anhui, most of Hubei and Hunan, northern Guangdong and Guangxi, and southern Yunnan, Hou surnamed the local The proportion of the population is over 0.33%, and some reach over 0.8%. The area covered by the above accounts for about 35% of the total land area, and about 67.6% of the population of the surname Hou. Hou's surname is in the crowd at the northern end of Mongolia, southeast Shandong, central Anhui and Jiangsu, southeast Hubei, eastern Hunan, western Jiangxi, the junction of Fujian and Guangdong, southern Guangdong, central Guangxi, central Yunnan, western Chongqing and Guizhou, Sichuan, and southern Ganning . The distribution ratio is between 0.22% and 0.33%. The area covered by the above accounts for 21% of the total land area, and about 23.7% of the Hou people live in it.

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