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Zhang

Distribution area

Qinghe County: Han Shizhi County, located in Qingyang (now southeast of Qinghe, Hebei Province). Fanyang County: In the seventh year of the Three Kingdoms Wei and Huang Dynasty (AD 226), the county was changed to Zhi County, and the county was ruled by Yi County (now Hebei Province). Taiyuan County: The county was set in the Warring States Period, and it was located in Jinyang (now southwest of Taiyuan City). Jingzhao County: Han Shizhi County, governing Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi Province). Dunhuang County: Emperor Hanwu was separated from Jiuquan County and was located in Dunhuang County (now west of Dunhuang County, Gansu Province). Anding County: Zhihan County in the Western Han Dynasty, which was located in Gaoping (now Guyuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region), and moved to Anding (now Beichuan, Gansu Province) in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Xiangyang County: Xiangyang County was set up in the Han Dynasty and Xiangyang County was set up in the late Eastern Han Dynasty . Luoyang County: Qin always set the county, East Wei set the county. Han and Wei Shizhi lived on the north bank of Dongluoshui, Baima Temple in Luoyang today; Sui and Tang dynasties relocated to West Shibali in Seoul. Hedong County: Qin Shizhi County, located in Anyi (now northwest of Xia County, Shanxi Province), east of the Yellow River in Shanxi Province, and Xia County. Shixing County: Wu of the Three Kingdoms was separated from Guiyang County and governed by Qujiang (now south of Shaoguan City, Guangdong Province). Its jurisdiction is equivalent to that of Lianjiang, Qujiang, and Shaoguan of Guangdong Province. Fengyi County: Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty left Fengyi, and the Wei of the Three Kingdoms was changed to Fengyi County, and it was located in Linjin (now Dali, Shaanxi Province). Wu County: It was located in Huiji County in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. It is located in Wu County (now Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province) and governs the area south of the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province. Plain County: It was set up in the early Western Han Dynasty. It is located in the Plain (now southwest of Plain County), and its jurisdiction is equivalent to that of Plain County in the northwest of Shandong Province. Hejian County: Originally Zhao Di during the Warring States Period. Henkel County. Governance in Lecheng (now Xianxian County, Hebei Province). Administered in the area of Hejian County in central Hebei Province. Zhongshan County: During the Warring States Period, it was Zhongshan Country , and Han Gao Dizhi County. Governing in Lu Nu (now Dingzhou, Hebei Province). The jurisdiction is equivalent to the northern area of Hebei Province today. Wei County: Initially set by Emperor Henkel. It is equivalent to the area between Wei County, Hebei Province, Jun County, Henan Province, and Guan County, Shandong Province. Governance is located in Yi County (now southwest of Linzhang, Hebei Province). Shu County: Set in Qin Dynasty during the Warring States Period, it was located in Chengdu (now Sichuan Province), and it governs the area of Chengdu, Sichuan Province. Wuwei County: Western Han Dynasty. It is equivalent to the area west of the Yellow River in Gansu Province and the area to the east of Wuwei (now northeast of Minqin County, Gansu Province). 犍 is a county: It was built in the sixth year of the Western Han Dynasty and belongs to Yizhou. It is located in the southwest of Yibin County, Sichuan Province, and it is located in Tongyi County (now Zunyi City, Guizhou Province). Pei County: Emperor Han Gao changed Surabaya County to Pei County, and in the Eastern Han Dynasty to Pei Country, governing the county (now northwest of Xixi County, Anhui Province). Liang County: Emperor Han Gao set Liang Kingdom, which was changed to Liang County in the Southern Song Dynasty , which is equivalent to the area between Shangqiu in Henan Province and Laoshan in Anhui Province. Ji County: It was set up in the first two years of Western Jintai, and it will soon be abolished. It will be located in Ji County (now southwest of Ji County, Henan Province). Hanoi County: Set at the time of Chu and Han . It is equivalent to Wuyi County, the northern bank of the Yellow River in Henan Province, and it is located in Huai County (southwest of Wuzhi County, Henan Province). Gaoping County: In the first year of the Western Jin Dynasty, the original Sanyang County was changed to Gaoping County. It is located in Juye County, Shandong Province, and is located in Changyi (now South of Juye County, Shandong Province). Shanggu County: Set in the Warring States Period, Qin Shizhi is located in Juyang (now Huailai, Hebei Province).

Historical source

"Zhang" comes out

One; from "Ji" surname, according to "Tong Zhi. Clan slightly. In the Words, the Zhang Family , Shi Jinshi generation, Jin is divided into three, and Shi Han generation, and later become Wangwang. Second; change the surname, the original surname of the Three Kingdoms Wei Zhang Liao "Nie", change the surname "Zhang". In addition, the Three Kingdoms Shu Zhuge Liang gave the Southern Man Chief Long You that "Zhang" family. 3. The "Zhang" family has been increasing in number since the Han Dynasty , which is related to the rise and popularity of Taoism at that time. Taoism claims itself to be the source of the Yellow Emperor , and the popular saying that "the Yellow Emperor gave the surname Zhang " is popular among Taoism leaders such as Zhang Jiao and Zhang Lu . Four; according to the "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" Yun Yun, "The fifth son of the Yellow Emperor Qingyang sang, for Gong Zheng, watching the lone star, starting Gong Ya, the main sacrifice to Zhang Xing, because of the surname Zhang".

Ancestor

Zhang Hui. The birth of Zhang is very old, with a history of about five thousand years. In the era of the earliest human ancestor Huangdi, Huangdi had a son called Shaohao Qingyang, and the son of Shaohao was clever and intelligent at an early age. Once, he watched the night sky, inspired by the combination of stars, and after research, invented the bow. At that time, humans basically hunted for a living. The invention of the bow was a great event, so Huang Difeng waved the official who specialized in making bows called "Gong Zheng", also known as "Bow Length", and combined the official name into Give him the "Zhang" surname. Zhang Wei became the ancestor of Zhang.

Migration distribution

"Shuowen Jiezi" said: "Zhang, Shi Gongxian also. From the bow, long sound." "Guang Ya · Shi Yan San": "Zhang, Shi Ye." There is another meaning, see "Zhou Li · Qiu "Official": "Luo fetches birds and beasts and says Zhang." In the note of " Zizhi Tongjian · Hanming Emperor's Seven Years", Hu Sanxing also said: Also, set it as a machine trap to serve birds and beasts, said Zhang. "Zhang also has a family name based on the ancestor's name. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the state of Jin resolved to use Zhang, the word Zhang Hou, and later took the grandfather's name as the surname. Since then, the Jin Dynasty has had the surname Zhang. In 403 BC, after Zhao, Han, and Wei divided the Jin Kingdom, the population of the surname Zhang also spread among the three vassal states. Both of these statements explain the origin, reproduction and even the third largest surname of today. First, the surname Zhang has a long history and is one of the earliest surnames in China. In primitive clan society, hunting is an extremely important means of making a living for people, and Gongya's status and role can be imagined. And at that time, the tribe of the Dongyi tribe was very prosperous and spread throughout the vast area between the present Shandong Peninsula, northern Jiangsu and Jianghuai; according to legend, the Shang Dynasty tribe was its direct descendant. Second, the surname Zhang is widely distributed. The Jin family has this surname. With the division of the Jin family, it spread to Zhao, Han, and Wei, which is now the vast area of North China and the Central Plains. Many people were given surnames Zhang; for example, in the Three Kingdoms, Zhuge Liang gave Longyou the name of Zhang; General Cao Wei Zhang Liao, native Nie, changed his name to Zhang. Many non- Han people changed their surname to Zhang. The King Jia of the Jin Dynasty lived in Zhang Huangbao for generations, so Zhang was the surname. In the Yuan Dynasty , many Mongolians and Semu people changed their surnames to Han. They often chose the Han family name to change it, which also expanded the population for Zhang. According to records, during the Jin Dynasty , the Zhang family of the Central Plains moved to Fujian; during the years of the Emperor Gao Zong of the Tang Dynasty , Chen Zheng and Chen Yuanguang were ordered to enter Fujian, accompanied by the Zhangyuan military academy in the Central Plains; later Wang Chao and Wang Junzhi entered Fujian, and Zhang from Henan Gushi Mu went with him to Jugu Meixi, and was later named Liang Guogong. The Zhang family in Fujian is roughly divided into Jianhu, Jinpo, Banyu and other schools based on their place of residence, and some have since moved to Guangdong. They all say that their ancestors came from Gushi, Gwangzhou, Henan. Since the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, people from the Zhang families in Fujian and Guangdong have moved to Taiwan, and many people have made a living abroad. The majority of the Zhangs are people from the north, mainly Han, but many people have also merged with ethnic minorities in many ethnic integrations. Zhangs who have emigrated overseas are mainly distributed in Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, the United States, Britain, France, Australia, Panama and other countries and Hong Kong. Huang Di, the ancestor of Zhang, is recognized as the leader of the Huaxia tribal alliance in the ancient legend era. He ruled the world with virtues, benevolence, and faith to govern the world.

Hall number

Bai Ren Tang: During the Tang Dynasty , Zhang Gongyi IX lived together, which had a great influence on the prevailing world style. Tang Gaozong went to his house and asked him to introduce his experience of living in harmony with each other. Zhang Gong picked up a pen and wrote 100 words of "forbearance" to Gaozong. Gaozong was very impressed and rewarded Zhang Gong for 100 feet of satin. In addition, Zhang ’s main hall names are: “Qinghe Hall”, “Jin Jiantang”, “Xiaoyou Hall”, “Qinmu Hall”, “Guan Ying Hall”, “Yan Yi Hall”, “Dun Mu Hall”, “Zong "Yuetang", "Jingyitang", "Yuanliutang" and so on. Clan Features 1. Earn a surname and have a long history .

Celebrities

Zhang Yi (former? ~ 309) Wei during the Warring States Period. Xiang Qin, the king , persuaded the six kingdoms to use the tactics to make the six kingdoms betray Qin. The king of Hui died, and the Six Kingdoms reorganized the Qin Dynasty, and the ministers sang it. He went to Qin and became Wei Xiang , and died a year later.

Zhang Liang (front?-Front 186) with ovary. A famous minister in the early Han Dynasty. Originally a South Korean son, Qin destroyed Han, and his good intentions were revenge, but he caused the emperor to strike the Emperor in Bolangsha. However, he changed his name and was hidden from the concubine. Later, he set the world for Gao Zu policy, Feng Liuhou , good old Huang Lao, and learned the art of the valley. Puppet Wencheng.

Zhang Daoling (34 ~ 155) is the true founder of Taoism . His real name is Ling, a native of Pei Kingdom of Eastern Han Dynasty (now northwest of Suxian County, Anhui Province). To confuse people with the Fushui banning curse, scholars must make five buckets of rice, which they call the five buckets of rice. Also known as Zhang Tianshi.

Zhang Fei (? ~ 271) is a character of Yi De, a wing virtue, and a native of Shu Han County (now Xian County, Hebei Province) of the Three Kingdoms . Shao and Guan Yu were all involved in Liu Bei , the enemy. The officer went to the vehicle to ride the general and sealed the Xixiang Hou. Liu Bei cut Wu, Fei led his soldiers to meet, killed by his men before sending troops. Alas. Zhang Lihua, the queen queen of the Southern Dynasties, was charming and intelligent, and the queen often held her lap to discuss military affairs. The country died, and the late master entered the well, and Sui Jun captured it. After worshiping as the October hibiscus flower god.

Zhang Guozheng Zhang Juzheng (1525 ~ 1582) is the uncle with the name Taiyue, who is from Mingjiang. Mu Zongshi joined the cabinet, Shenzong was the chief assistant, comprehensive verification of reputation, rewards must be punished, Ji Gang rectified, the implementation of a whip law, for ten years, ruled at home. Puppet Wenzhong. Author of Tai Yue Ji, Emperor Jian Tu said.

Zhang Jian (? ~ Before 114) Ziwen, Chenggu (now Chenggu County, Shaanxi Province) in the Western Han Dynasty. Emperor Wu enshrines Wang Wanghou with military merit, pays homage to General Zhonglang, sends envoys to Wusun, and dispatches deputy envoys to Dawan, Kangju, and Daxia. Asia-Pacific exchanges, and opened the two north-south routes to the western region, introducing excellent horse breeds, grapes and alfalfa.

Zhang Xu : Zi Bo Gao, born in Wu of Tang Dynasty (now Suzhou, Jiangsu). The date of birth and death is unknown. He is a famous calligrapher, most famous for cursive script, and known as Cao Sheng. Its calligraphy is eccentric and revolving, with a new style. Together with Li Baige's poems and Pei Yue sword dance, they are also called Sanjue. According to legend, he often shouted and drove away, drunk pens, and sometimes wrote books with a fascination, which he called Zhang Bian and Shu Bian.

Zhang Shicheng (1321 ~ 1367) was a small print of the ninety-four, and was from Taizhou (now Taixian, Jiangsu Province) in the Yuan Dynasty . One of the heroes at the end of Yuan Dynasty. Ben was engaged in the salt industry. Later, according to Wu Zhong, he claimed to be King Wu, and was later captured by Xu Ming and Chang Yuchun , who committed suicide.

Zhang Sanfeng : The date of birth and death is unknown. Song Wu became a Taoist priest and created Taijiquan. It was famous at that time, and his method was passed on in later generations. It is called Neijiaquan, also known as Wudang school. Or as Zhang Sanfeng. Mingquan, a Junbao, No. Sanfeng, was born in Quzhou, Liaodong in the Ming Dynasty (now in Heishan County). The date of birth and death is unknown. Because it is not trimmed , it is also called Zhang Jian. History claims that it will not be hungry for several months. It can be known in advance, neither the ancestors nor the ancestors can ask for it. Yingzong presented it as a micromanifested real person.

Zhang Zuolin (1875 ~ 1928) Yuting Pavilion, Fengtian Haicheng. Officials from the Republic of China visited the three provinces in the east, held military and political power in the three provinces, and served as leaders of the department. Two straight wars , defeated before victory. In the sixteenth year of the Republic of China, he was called Grand Marshal and organized the government in Beijing. In the seventeen years, the National Revolutionary Army arrived in Hebei, defeated by military forces, returned to customs, and was wounded by the Japanese army in Huanggutun. He died of a few injuries.

Last name culture