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Liu's

Distribution area

Lintong County, Gansu Province, Dingtao County, Shandong Province

Historical source

`` Liu '' originated

The surname Liu is one of the main surnames in China, and the Liu surname ranks fourth in the country. In Chinese history, the surname Liu is the surname with the largest number of monarchs on the throne. In ancient China, there was a saying of "Liu Tianxia, Li Half", while in northern China, there was a saying of "Zhang Wang, Li Zhao, and Liu everywhere." The surname Liu is also distributed in South Korea . In addition, according to Japanese archives, Takahashi 's third-largest surname in Japan is from the Chinese surname Liu, who is a descendant of Liu Bang . According to Li Dongming, a Chinese historian in 1977, a paper on "surnames" published in "Oriental Magazine" pointed out that Liu is one of the top ten surnames of Chinese in the world.

Source 1: From the Tang Tang family of Qi, after Emperor Yao (Yi Qi Fangxun), he was sealed by Liu (now Tang County, Hebei Province), and the Qi family was named Liu Guo. The descendant of the emperor Qi was sealed in Liu Guo (formerly known as Tang County, Dingzhou, Tang County, Hebei Province), and belongs to the name of the country. According to legend, Tang Yao was the leader of the ancient Qi tribe Tao Tang, named Fangxun. He was good and kind, and later became the leader of the tribal alliance. He was revered as one of the five emperors. According to legend, Tang Yao was born in Yiqi Mountain of Shunping County (formerly Wanxian County). Yiqi Mountain is also known as Yao Mountain. Yao is named Qi because of his geographical name. County), the descendants of the name of the country, then passed down from generation to generation as the Liu family, known historically as the Liu family. It is said that Liu's surname began with Liu Lei (some Liu clan genealogy is "Lei Lei"). In the twenty-ninth year of Zhao Gong of "Zuo Zhuan": "Tao Tang was deteriorating, and then Liu Lei learned to disturb the dragons in the Dragon Dragons' family to confer on Kong Jia . Food and drink. After the summer, Jiashi said, the clan named Yulong, and after the Wei Wei. "" Zhu Shu Ji Nian "cloud:" The first year of Kong Jia, dethroned Weishi , making Liu tired of the dragon. " "Liu Lei moved to Luyang for seven years."

Source 2: Originated from the Jin Dynasty: The Emperor Yao Sun descended from King Xia, Kong Jia, and the Emperor's Royal Dragon. Later moved to Lu County, to the Shang Dynasty Peng Shi and Wei Wei Shi . The Kingdom of the Shang Dynasty was in the Tang Dynasty, and the King of the Zhou Dynasty destroyed the Tang Dynasty . When King Zhou Xuan was killed, his monarch Du Bo was acquitted. His son Du Xun ran to Jin, and his grandson Du Xun served as a judge in Jin Kingdom. His grandson Shi Xuan was sealed in Fan (now Fan County, Henan Province) and his descendants were The name of Fan Yi Fan is called Fan Family . Fanhuizi, a prince of a scholarly society, is a prince of the state; the second son is a prince, and Lishi is a concubine. His son Shi Qin served Qin, Fu Liu, and Han Gaozu Liu Bang were his descendants. The Scholars Association is not only the ancestor of Fan and Sui De, but also the great ancestor of Liu. "The Zuo Zhuan" Xianggong twenty-four years: (Fan Xuanzi said) "The ancestor of Xun, since the Yu Yu is Tao Tang's, in the summer is Yu Long's, in Shang is Wei Weishi, in the week is Tang Du, Jin Xiameng is Fanshi. "Wang Fu praised in" The Husband Theory ":" Liu's since the Tang Dynasty, Han and above, German writing, the most prosperous of Mo Ruo Fan Hui (that is, the Shi Hui). " Zheng Zheng said in the 26th volume of the "Tongzhi" "Clan II": "After Yao divided into six, Tang, Du, Fan, Liu, Wei, Qi are all surnames, Qi Yaozhi "No!"

Source 3: Originated from the surname of Ji , from the fiefdom that was given to his younger brother Ji Jizi by Zhou Ding , and belongs to the name of Fengyi. Around eight years of Zhou Ding's Ji Yu (599 BC), King Zhou Ding sealed Liu Yi (now Henan Yanshi) as his brother Ji Jizi's territory. At this point, the Ji surname Liu Ziguo was formally established within the Wang Zhou of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, and Liu Kanggong became the ancestor of the Ji surname Liu. Ji surnamed Liu has served as Qing Dynasty prince for generations, and has been in charge of internal affairs and foreign affairs for more than 100 years. "Zuo Zhuan" became the eleventh year of the public: Jin actually reached the battle with Zhou, Wang Ming Liu Kanggong, and Shan Xiang publicly litigated.

Source 4: Liu Guo, a general from the late Qin Dynasty who surrendered to the Han Dynasty: According to historical records, "Pingdu Xiaohou Liu arrived, Pingdu. The name of Suoyin County belongs to the East China Sea. With Qi General, Gao Zu surrendered for three years. Qi, Hou, Qianhu. Five years of filial piety and four years of Gengzheng (191 BC) June Yihai, Xiaohou Liu arrived in the first year. Suo Yin died, and all of them were together.

Source five: given or changed surname. 1. From Xiang's : The uncle Xiang Bo , who was given Xiang Yu at the beginning of the Han Dynasty, was Liu's. 2. From the family surname Lou : given Lou Jing as Liu's, and closed the customs. 3. It originated from the etiquette (official office) of the Han Dynasty and came from the Han Dynasty's royal autumn festival-貙 膢 (貙 刘), which belongs to the official name. 4. From the Wang Family : Wang Yang, a Wuyang man from the Eastern Han Dynasty , Ping Wang recklessly made great achievements, and was changed to Liu Xuan by his surname Liu. 5. From the Gong family : After the succession of Song Zhenzong , cousin Liu E was given to the queen (one ex-husband), Gong Mei surnamed Liu, and he was regarded as a younger brother; during the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty, the famous general general Liu Xianyuan was named Gong . Well, change the surname to Liu. 6. From Lu's : Lu Fang, who lives in Sanshui County, claims to be the great-grandson of the Emperor Liu Wenbo, who once established himself as emperor. According to Pingliang and other places, he fled and fled to the Huns. 7. From Kou's : Three Kingdoms Shu general Liu Feng , former surname Kou . For Liu Beiyizi, change the surname Liu. 8. From the Qiu Family: Qiu Shen, a man from Yiyang (now Xinye, Henan) in the Western Jin Dynasty, pretended to be the descendant of the Han clan and changed his surname to Liu Mingni. Was escorted as emperor, built as the god phoenix. 9. From Liu's: Liu's change to Liu's: Houpo Liu's is a family of Yongchun Liu, and his surname was Liu during the turmoil in the late Song and early Yuan Dynasty. Another "Genealogy of Qingyuan Liu's Family" contains: The 39th Liu Tian Lu, recorded on Quanzhou Road, due to serious military situation, no official, re-entered Yongchun, stayed in An's hometown, changed to Liu and became the first ancestor of this branch. 10. After Liu Zongyuan , a Tang Dynasty writer, due to the discord between Liu Zongyuan and the then minister of politics, he provoked many royal relatives, and later he was framed, and fled to Hongtong County, Shanxi Province, and changed his name to Liu. 11. From the Xue family : Emperor Liu Jien of the Northern Han Dynasty , his surname Xue , because Liu Chengjun's nephew and adopted son, changed his surname to Liu. 12. From the He Family : Emperor Liu Jiyuan of the Northern Han Dynasty, his real name He , because Liu Chengjun's nephew and adoptive son, also changed his surname to Liu. 13. After the end of the Yuan Dynasty, Chen Youliang lost his surname to Liu. 14. Official Tang Zhenliang Liu Zhenliang, formerly known as Wenwen Zhen, has no concubine. 15. Ming Dynasty eunuch Liu Jin's surname was Tan (voice dan), and his surname was changed to Liu and Wuyi. 16. From Hou's : Liu Hengzheng (1872-1926), also known as Hou Xiafeng, Zi Tu Qiong, No. Chun Qing, Filipino name Jose Igraxiao Baohua, Fujian Nan'an Wharf, was in the Philippine War of Independence An overseas Chinese general. Other modern and modern names changed to Liu.

Ancestor

Liu Lei, granddaughter of Yao. In his early years, Liu Lei learned the technique of dragons from his father's Dong family. About 1879 BC, when Xia Kongjia Emperor, Tianjianglong was at Longdanggou, southeast corner of Linlong City, Linying County, Henan Province. Kong Jia sent Liu tired to raise dragons for 7 years. Because Liu tired of raising dragons, Kong Jia sealed him as Yulong's. Later, due to a female dragon dying, he tiredly processed the dragon's meat into gourmet food and gave it to Kong Jia. After enjoying Kong Jia, he felt delicious and asked for food from Liu Le. Liu Lei was afraid of the death of the dragon. Kong Jia was held accountable. Convenient for about 1873 BC, migrated to Lushan County, Henan Province to hide, the original name was concealed, renamed "Qiu", known as "Qiu Gong", and the place where the seclusion was called "Qiu Gongcheng". After Kong Jia knew about it, he no longer pursued it. Qiu Gong changed to Liu Lei. The Liu Lei surname returned to the Liu family, and the Chinese Liu surname grew up.

Migration distribution

The surname Liu is based on Yip. According to experts' research, the surname of Liu in the world has more than 70 million people, and it can be called "overflowing (Liu)". Liu established the Eastern and Western Han dynasties and ruled the world, so his descendants were distributed in 14 places in Tianshui, Zhongshan, Nanyang, Pengcheng and Dongping.

Celebrities

Liu Lei: descendant of Yao. About 1879 BC, when Xia Kongjia Emperor, Tianjianglong was at Longdanggou, southeast corner of Linlong City, Linying County, Henan Province. Kong Jia sent Liu tired to raise dragons for 7 years. Due to Liu Lei's success in raising dragons and imperial dragons, Kong Jia sealed him as the imperial clan and acted as monarch Wei Wei.

Liu Kanggong: Ji surnamed Liu Ziguo's first monarch (592 BC-544 BC (49 years in office)), Zhou Wangfeng Liu Yi and Wang Diji Zi, Wang Jizi called Liu Kanggong. Liu Kanggong's family served as Dong Zhou Qingshi for generations.

Liuzhou Dove: Also known as Lingzhou Dove. Eastern Zhou King Wang Shi is in charge of the music officer, and Lao Tzu contemporary figures.

Liu Bang : (Before 256-Before 195) the word season. The founder of the Western Han Dynasty (206-203), Han Gaozu . Word season. Peixian (now [belonging to Jiangsu]) is also called Pei Liu Banggong.

Liu Heng : (born on the 11th of December 203 (December 15th)), is the third emperor of the Han Dynasty (excluding two Han Shao emperors ), and the fourth son of Liu Bang, the high ancestor. Liu Heng personally acted frugally and ingeniously, and eventually created the " rule of literary landscape " for the management of the world . In 157 BC, Emperor Liu Heng of the Han Dynasty collapsed and reigned for 23 years at the age of 47. Buried in Baring. Its temple name is Taizong, Emperor Xiaowen.

Liu Qi : Emperor Han Jing (188 BC-141 BC), 157 BC-141 BC, reigned for 16 years, and Han Jingdi and his father created the "rule of Wenjing" together; The "Hanwu Prosperous Age" of son Liu Che laid the foundation and completed the transition from Emperor Wen to Wudi.

Liu Che: Emperor Xiaowu of the Han Dynasty (156-87 BC), the seventh emperor of the Han Dynasty, a great politician, strategist, poet, and national hero in ancient China. During the reign of Emperor Han Wu, he broke through the Huns, annexed North Korea, and sent an envoy to the Western Regions. Exclusive respect for Confucianism, the first year. He opened up the largest territory of the Han Dynasty and made brilliant achievements. In 87 BC, Liu Che collapsed in the Wusong Palace at the age of 70 and was buried in Maoling. The nickname "Xiaowu" and the temple name were King Sejong.

Liu Xun : (91 BC-49 BC) Han Emperor Xuan Emperor . His real name is Liu Sick , and he was renamed after the throne. The tenth emperor of the Western Han Dynasty reigned from 74 BC to 49 BC.

Liu An: (179 BC-122 BC), King of Huainan in Western Han Dynasty.

Liu Xiang : (approximately 77 to 6) Confucianists, bibliographers, and writers. The real name is Zhengzizheng, a native of Western Han Pei (now Peixian County, Jiangsu Province). He wrote a book called "Bei Lu", which is the earliest classification in China. He has also authored books such as New Preface, Shuo Yuan, Biography of Women, and Five Elements of Hong Fan.

Liu Yan: (approximately 50-23 [1]), Zi Zijun, the founding father of the new dynasty. Feng Hongxiuhou. The "Santong Calendar" compiled by Liu Ye was considered to be the prototype of the world's earliest astronomical almanac, and at that time actively promoted the study of classical scriptures. In addition, he also contributed to the calculation of the pi.

Liu Xiu : Emperor Han Guangwu (6 to 57 years ago), uncle Zi Wen, founder of the Eastern Han Dynasty in China. Historically, its rule period was called Guangwu ZTE . During this period, the country was prosperous, known as "the Jianwu prosperity".

Liu Hong: (circa 130-196), character Zhuo Zhuo, born in Mengyin, Taishan County, Eastern Han Dynasty (presently Mengyin County, Shandong Province), born about four years (129 AD) in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and about fifteen years (210 AD) He was a distinguished astronomer and mathematician in ancient China. It is said to be the inventor (or important promoter) of the abacus, so the folks call it the sage.

Liu Xie : Emperor Han Xian (181-September 19, 234), Zibo He, the last emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty, reigned from 189 to 220. In 220, he was forced to give up the emperor to Cao Yu and was named the Sanyanggong.

Liu Bei : The word Xuande. (150-222), military strategist and statesman of the Three Kingdoms period. The founder of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms, descendant of King Liu Sheng , the king of Jing in Hanzhong. In 221 AD, he became the emperor, the capital was Chengdu, the country was Han, and he was in a state of great competition with Cao Wei and Sun Wu. After defeating Soochow, he died of illness and died for 3 years. Life is based on benevolence and righteousness.

Liu Chan : The son of Zhao Bei, the emperor of Shuhan, the last emperor of Shuhan, reigned from 223 to 263. After the death of Shu Han, he was named Anle Gong and the land was Ange Duan.

Liu Hui: a mathematician from the Wei Kingdom in the Three Kingdoms period. Liu Hui wrote the "Nine Chapters Arithmetic Note" in 263 AD. After the "Nine Chapters Arithmetic", he wrote a note of more than 1,800 characters. This note is the famous "circumcision" in the history of mathematics.

Liu Yan: (approximately 465-532) Zi Yanhe, a critic of Liang's literary theory in the Southern Dynasty. His main book "Wen Xin Diao Long".

Liu Yilong : Emperor Song Wen (407-453), the third emperor of the Song Dynasty during the Northern and Southern Dynasties of China. The third son of Emperor Song Wu Liu Yu , ascended the throne in 424, reigned for 30 years, with the title "Yuanjia", the nickname "Emperor Wen", and the temple title "Taizu".

Liu Ye : (AD 544 to 610 AD) Sui Dynasty astronomer. Focus on studying "Nine Chapters of Arithmetic", "Zhou Xun", "Seven Lunar Calendar", etc .; also authored "Ji Ji" 10 volumes, "Almanac" 10 volumes. Proposed a new law, compiled "Huang Ji calendar".

Liu Yuxi : (772-842) Tang Dynasty writer, philosopher, who claims to be the descendant of the King of the King of Shanzhong in the Han Dynasty, was a supervisor of the Royal History, and is a member of Wang Shuwen's political reform group. The famous poet in the middle and late Tang Dynasty is known as the "Poet".

Liu Shaoqi: (1898 ~ 1969) Ningxiang, Hunan. Great Marxist , proletarian revolutionary, politician and theorist, one of the main leaders of the Communist Party of China and the People's Republic of China.

Liu Bocheng: (December 4, 1892-October 7, 1986) Formerly known as Liu Mingzhao. Founder and leader of the Chinese People's Liberation Army.

Liu Hulan : (1932 ~ 1947) revolutionary martyr. Not to betray the Communist Party.

Last name culture