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Cao

Distribution area

Jiao County in Anhui, Pengcheng County in Jiangsu, Gaoping County in Shandong, and Juye County in Shandong. Yi County: The county was separated from Pei County in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. The governing body is located in Quzhou (now Xian County, Anhui Province). Governance is equivalent to the place between Lingbi, Mengcheng, Taihe, Luyi and Yongcheng in today's Anhui and Henan provinces. Pengcheng County: Set in the Western Han Dynasty and changed to Pengcheng Kingdom in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Governance in Pengcheng (now Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province). The jurisdiction is about Weishan County, Shandong Province today, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, and the southeast of Pei County. Gaoping County: It was set in Jin Dynasty, and it is located in Jinxiang, Shandong Province. The jurisdiction is equivalent to the place between today's Shandong Dushan Lake, Jinxiang, Juye, and Zou County. There have been many changes since. In the Han Dynasty, Juye County was set up, in the southwest of the mountains today, and on the north bank of the Wanfu River. Juye County: It was named for the Onozawa in the ancient times. The county is located in the Western Han Dynasty, and it is now located in Juye, Shandong Province.

Historical source

"Cao"

There are six sources of Cao's surname. When Dayu ruled the water, Lu Zheng's fifth son (also called the sixth son) was at the right time, and he was awarded to Cao Guan for Zuo Xiayu's merit in governing the water. Cao Guan was also a prisoner of "slaying the soil", and he was not a small official in the slave power that had the main function of suppressing slaves at that time. Ann later became an official. This is the beginning of the surname of Cao. 2. The state of Cao Cao was taken from the descendants of Emperor Xi . According to legend, Emperor Xun had a great-grandson named Wu Hui, who wished for the flames during the emperor's eunuch . Wu Hui's son Lu Zhong married Gui Fang's daughter-in-law as his wife and gave birth to six sons. His five sons named An and Cao were sealed in Cao Guo. During the week, King Wu changed the name of Cao An, a descendant of Cao Yu to the State of Qu (now southeast of Qufu, Shandong Province). During the Warring States Period, the Kingdom of Lu was destroyed by King Chu Xuan . After that, some people of the Qiang people changed their country to Zhu 's family; others still use Cao's family, which is Cao 's family. 3, from the surname Ji . According to legend, after Zhou Wu Wang Ke Shang, in order to consolidate the Zhou Dynasty's political power, he implemented the Oita seal. When the former merchant Chen Cao Yuyu was sealed, his brother Zhenduo was sealed in Cao Yi. For Cao Shuzhenduo. It was destroyed by Song Jinggong in 487 BC, and the descendants of Zhenduo used the original country name as their surname. Cao Zhenfeng is the ancestor of the surname of Cao. 4. Cao surnamed Huang Di descended from the southeast of the mountain. 5. After his surname was changed to Cao , there was Cao Song (the father of Cao Cao ) in the Han Dynasty, and his surname was Xiahou . Later, the surname was Cao. 6. Minority Cao surname 1) Xiong Cao surname. 2) Surname of Manchu Cao. 3) Surname of Mongolian Cao. 4) Tibetan Cao. 5) Surname of Cao of Yao nationality. 6) The surname of Cao of the Achang tribe. 7) The surname of Cao of the Bulang ethnic group .

Migration distribution

During the pre-Qin period, Cao's main activities were in Gansu, Shandong and northern Jiangsu. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, the surname Cao was distributed in the provinces north of the Yangtze River and in eastern China. In the early and late Tang dynasties, the Central Plains migrated southward two times, and Cao was one of the Central Plains surnames who entered Fujian. In the late Tang and early Song dynasties, the surname Cao entered Guangdong and Guangxi. In the early Qing Dynasty, the surname Cao entered Taiwan. During the Song Dynasty, Cao had about 630,000 people, accounting for 0.81% of the country's population, ranking 24th. Cao's largest province is Hebei, which accounts for approximately 41.4% of the country's total population. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Hebei and Henan. These two provinces account for about 54% of the total population of Cao. Secondly distributed in Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang and other provinces. In the whole country, there are two Cao surnames in northern Hebei, Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi and Zhejiang. During the Ming Dynasty, Cao had about 610,000 people, accounting for 0.65% of the country's population, and ranked 30th. In Song Yuanming, the net population growth rate of the country in the year 600 was 20%, and the population growth value of the surname Cao was negative. Before the Ming Dynasty, the main body of Cao had been in the Central Plains and Shandong. During the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, there were continuous wars in the North. The people of Cao were naturally severely affected, and the population reduction was obvious. During the Ming Dynasty, Jiangsu was the largest province with the surname of Cao, accounting for about 19.3% of the total population of the country. The distribution in the country is mainly concentrated in the three provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong and Zhejiang, accounting for about 44% of the total population of Cao. Secondly distributed in Jiangxi, Anhui and other provinces. The country has re-formed the population clusters of the surnames Lu, Su, Zhe, Jiang, and Cao.

The current Cao surname has a population of more than 7.3 million, making it the twenty-seventh largest surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.59% of the country's population. Currently it is mainly concentrated in the three provinces of Henan, Hebei and Sichuan, accounting for about 30% of the total population of the country. Followed by Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong, Hubei, and Hunan, Cao surnames in the five provinces concentrated another 31%. Henan is the largest province with the surname of Cao, accounting for about 10% of the country's total population. The high- density residential areas of Cao, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui, Sichuan, Hubei, and Hunan were re-established throughout the country. The frequency distribution of Cao surnames in the population shows that in central and western Sichuan, eastern Qinghai, Ganxi and Hexi Corridor areas, central Inner Mongolia, northern Shaanxi, Shanxi, Beijing and Tianjin, most of Hebei, western Shandong, southern Henan, most of Anhui, In the northern part of Hubei and Jiangxi Province, Cao's share of the local population is generally over 0.88%, and some as high as 2%. This part of the area covers about 20% of the total land area, and about 37% of the Cao people live in it. In eastern Sichuan, Hunan, Chongqing, Guizhou, northern Yunnan, northern Guangdong, southern Shaanxi , Gansu , Ningxia , northern Henan, western and southern Hubei, most of Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Fujian, eastern Shandong, and eastern Hebei: north, Liaoning, most of Jilin, In eastern Inner Mongolia and southwest Heilongjiang, Cao generally accounts for 0.44% to 10.88% of the local population, covering about 32% of the total land area, and inhabiting about 53% of the Cao people.


Hall number

Qing Jingtang: Also known as "Wuweitang", Cao Shen in the Western Han Dynasty, after Xiao He died, succeeded Xiao He as prime minister. He wrote a book about when and how Xiao called "Xiao Gui Cao Sui." "Provincial criminal law, thin tax collection, inaction without action. " The common people therefore praised him and said, "It contains Qingjing, and the people Ningyi." In addition, Cao's main hall names are: "Luo Guotang", "Jingsi Hall", "Chongxiao Hall", "Ningshou Hall "," Wuwei Hall ", etc.

Clan characteristics

1. Cao's name came from a large number of people, from officer generals to literati, from Cao Cao in the Three Kingdoms to Cao Xueqin in the Qing Dynasty . They all left a strong fortune in the development history of Cao and was revered by future generations. 2. In addition to the orderly arrangement of Cao's wording and ordering, it also reflects the family rules and family training of loyalty to the country and diligence. For example, in the "Cao Family Tree" revised by Cao Zhenjia, the behavior of the surname Cao of Jiangsu: "Chun Xianze is balanced, Shanlu Daoxun."

Celebrities

Cao Shen : (? ~ Before 190) the word Jingbo, early Pei people. With Xiao He and Zuo Gaozu set the world, Feng Pingyang Hou, following Xiao He as the phase, followed Xiao rules. He died.

Cao Xueqin : (1719 ~ 1764) name Zhan, the word dream Ruan, No. Qinxi, Qinpu, the Qing Han Army Zhengbai Banner. He wrote " Dream of Red Mansions " for eighty times, without any illness.

Cao Shen: Minister of Western Han Dynasty. Zi Jingbo, a native of Peixian, Jiangsu Province, followed the Liu Bang uprising at the end of the Qin Dynasty. After the establishment of the Han Dynasty , he was named Pingyang Hou and served as prime minister for nine years. Assist Gao Zuping to settle the rebellion of princes of different surnames such as Chen Yi and Ying Bu .

Cao Cao : the word Mende, a native of Luzhou, Anhui, a famous politician, military strategist, and poet during the Three Kingdoms . In the first year of Jian'an, he unified northern China. His son Cao Yu was named emperor, and he was honored as Emperor Wu.

Cao Yong: Wei Wendi. The founder of the Cao Wei regime in the Three Kingdoms, the son of Cao Cao. He was also revered as the leader of the literary world at that time, and was good at poetry creation. His representative was "Yangexing", and he also wrote a book "Theory and Thesis".

Cao Zhi : a famous poet. In the Three Kingdoms, the son of Cao Cao and the brother of Cao Pi were Emperor Wei Ming ; his poetry is well-known in the world, and his "Seven-step Poem" is still widely circulated today.

Cao Rui : Emperor Wei Ming (203-239) was 36 years old when he was in office (226-239). Thirteen years later, Cao Yu's son, after taking the throne, took Sima Yi as the general, and defeated Shu Xiangzhu Geliang 's offense many times. Women. Wei politics began to decline.

Cao Fang : Emperor Wei Shao (232-274) was fifteen years old at the age of 43 (239-254), Cao Cao's great-grandson and Cao Kai's son. Emperor Wei Ming had no sons and was ascended by Cao Fang after his death.

Cao Feng : Wei Gaogui Xianggong (241-260) was 19 years old when he was in office (254-260) for six years, Cao Yusun, Cao Lin's son. Fourteen-year-old ascended the throne and was killed by Sima Zhao in 260 years. Leave the proverb " Sima Zhao's heart , everyone knows ".

Cao Yu : Emperor Wei Yuan (246-302) was 57 years old (260-265) for five years, Cao Caosun, the son of Yan Wang Cao Yu. It was abolished by Sima Yan in 265 and was named King Chen Liu.

Cao Song: Tang Dynasty poet. Word dream sign. Shuzhou (now near Qianshan, Anhui Province). Birth and death years are unknown. In the early years, he avoided chaos and lived in Xishan, Hongdu. After Li died, he drifted into the rivers and lakes and met nothing. In the four years (901) of Guanghua, he was a junior bachelor, and he was over 70 years old. He has written 1 volume of poems and compiled 2 volumes of "Cao Song's Poems" when it was collected. For the deeds, see Chronicles of Tang Poetry and Biography of Scholars of Tang Dynasty.

Cao Duan: Zheng Fu, a native of Wuchi, Henan Province, a famous scholar of the Ming Dynasty . Yongle was raised and awarded Huozhou Xuezheng, and the scholar called Mr. Yuechuan. "Biography of Ming Dynasty . Rulin" said that when he was five years old, he saw "Hetu" and "Luo Shu", that is, he painted the ground to ask his father. When he was long, he focused on the study of sexual reasoning. After reading Zhou Dunyi's "Taiji Illustrated", "Tongshu" and Zhang Zai's "Xi Ming", he sighed: "The word of Tao is 矣!" In practice, he authors a volume of "Taiji Tu Shuo Jiu Jiu", a "Tongshu Shu Jiu" two volumes, and a "Xi Ming Shu Xiu" one volume. The commentator called it "the crown of Neo-Confucianism in the early Ming Dynasty".

Cao Rulin: Shanghainese, former Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Qing Government, and Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Yuan Shikai's Government. He collaborated with Yuan Shikai and signed the " 21 " with Japan, and later served in the traitor organization "North China Provisional Government". , Avoid living abroad.

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