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Yan

Distribution area

According to "Summary of Surnames", there are three main surnames of Yan County: Tianshui County: Han Tianshui County is located in Pingxiang (now northwest of Tongwei County, Gansu Province). The Eastern Han Dynasty was once changed to Hanyang County and moved to Ji County (now southeast of Gangu). Wei restored Tianshui's original name. West Jin moved to Shangbang (today's water market). Tianshui County of the Sui and Tang Dynasties is Qinzhou. Fengxun County: Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty placed Fengxun Zuo, and the Three Kingdoms Wei changed Fengxian County to govern Linjin (now in Dali County, Shaanxi Province). Huayin County: Ancient county name. It was the land of the Jin Dynasty in the Spring and Autumn Period, and Huayin County was set in the Han Dynasty (named Huayin because it was north of Huashan). The government is located in the east of Huayin County, Shaanxi Province, and the northwest of Mian County, Shaanxi Province in the Song Dynasty . In the first year of Tang Tianbao (742), Huahua County was reorganized in Huazhou, and it was ruled by Zheng County (now Huaxian County, Shaanxi Province). It was restored to Huazhou in the first year of Qianyuan (758). The old city is now southeast of Huayin County, Shaanxi Province.

Historical source

"Yan" originated

There are six origins of the Yan surname : 1. From the Zhuang surname , in order to avoid the taboo of Emperor Liu Zhuang , the surname was changed to Yan . According to the "Tongzhi · Clan slightly · Taking Yi as the clan", in the Eastern Han Dynasty , the surname of Zhuang was changed from strict to avoid the taboo of Emperor Liu Zhuang of the Ming Dynasty . By the Wei and Jin dynasties, some of the surnames had their original Zhuang surnames restored. In this way, the situation of Zhuang and Yan surviving. Therefore, there is a saying that "Zhuang and Yanben cannot be married with the same surname". 2. From the surname of Xun, after the king of Chu Zhuang during the Warring States Period, the name of Xun. According to the "Yuanhe Surname Compilation": "The surname of Xun, the grandson of the king of Chuzhuang, takes Xun as the surname." The Xuan surname can be traced back to Huangdi's descendants. 3. From Qin Youjun during the Warring States Period, the name was Fengyi. Qin had Yan Junji, and he was called Yan Junji by Yap County in Fengshu County, Yandao County (now Sichuan Sutra), and his descendants passed on the surname Yan as the Yan family. 4. Since ancient times, there was a strict state. According to the Surname Test, there was a strict state in ancient times, and the Chinese people used the state as their clan. 5. The surname from Dingling is Yan. According to the " Book of Jin ", Hou Yan Murong Sheng had Ding Ling as a clan. 6, from ethnic minorities have Yan surname. Manchu, Yi, Tu, Xibe, Korean and other ethnic groups have strict surnames.

Ancestor

Strictly prohibited. Strictly abstain. The surname of Benzhuang is a university scholar and Ci Fu family with full names in the Western Han Dynasty. His writings are very rich, with twenty-four pieces of fu, but there is only one piece of "Times of Mourning" circulated so far, which is a sad work of Qu Yuan . Shi Zai, in the Eastern Han Dynasty, due to the Ming Emperor Liu Zhuang, he ordered the Zhuang surname to be changed to his surname (the name of the ancient emperor was not used by the subjects). Strictly surnamed Yan is also a matter after death. The Yan family clan their reputation for dignity, and they are regarded as the ancestors of the surname Yan.

Migration distribution

Yan surname was mainly changed from Zhuang surname, so it was widely distributed from the beginning. Shi Zai, in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Yan surnamed mostly in Shandong, Hubei, Anhui and Zhejiang. In addition, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou also have the surname of Yan. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Yan in the north mostly lived in northern regions such as Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, and Gansu. Among them, Yan was the strongest in Shaanxi, Gansu, and the three major counties in the history of Yan's development: Tianshui County, Fengyi County, and Huayin County. Ground. It can be seen that the development of Yan in the north in this period is a grand event. However, with the subsequent wars in the future, the generations changed, which led to the Yan's surname being moved south. The Yan's surname in the Central Plains gradually became quiet, while the southern Yan surname became more and more exposed. After the Tang Dynasty , despite surviving the war and suppressing the development of the Yan family in the north, there were still names of Yan Maolin in the annals of history, such as the Qing Dynasty in the Tang Dynasty, and Tingzhi came out of Huayin (now Huaxian County, Shaanxi). The names of Yan Yan from the south came one after another, and there were Yan Ren, Yan Yu, and Yan Shen from the Song Dynasty, all of whom were from Shaowu (now Fujian). During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Yan lived mostly along the coast of Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Fujian. In addition, Yunnan, Guangdong and other places also have a small number of residents with the surname Yan. In the Ming Dynasty , there was a Shanxi surname Yan moved from Dahuaishu to Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Anhui and other places. During the Kangxi reign of the Qing Dynasty, Yan surnamed people who came to Taiwan from Fujian, Guangdong, and other places. During the Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns, the number of entrants gradually increased, mostly in Taipei, Miaoli, and Nantou. Today, Yan surnames are mostly in Hubei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other provinces. Yan surnames in the three provinces are more than half of the national Han surname. The surname Yan is the 112th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.14% of the Han population in China.

Hall number

Tianshuitang: According to Qian Family Name , the ancient Yan family was in Tianshui County. In addition, Yan ’s main hall names are: “Fuchun Hall”, “Tiaoshan Hall”, “Guqiu Hall”, “Sheshan Hall”, “Yiya Hall”, “Silu Hall”, and “Shakugo” Hall "," Haiyun Hall ", etc. V. Clan Characteristics 1. Yan surname is a typical southern surname . 2, Yan name person, literary talent, martial arts strategy. Among them, scribes saw the history with Qinggao and filial piety. For example, in the Western Han Dynasty, there was strict observance of reading Lao Tzu behind closed doors, and in the Eastern Han Dynasty, there was a hermit Yan Guang. The generals had Yan Yan of the Three Kingdoms and Yan Wu of the Tang Dynasty .

[General couplet of Yan's Ancestral Hall ]

〖Inscription on the gate of Yan Clan Ancestral Hall〗

Fuchun Liufang "Fuchun Liufang" has a story about Yan Guang. The clan of the Yan clan contains: "Yan Guang, Ziling, Yuyao, Shao and Guangwu, and Emperor Guangwu ascended the throne (that is, Emperor Liu Xiu of the Eastern Han Dynasty ), Gong Nai changed his name invisibly, and thought of him, and visited it. Later Qi Kingdom There was a man in the sheep's clothing, and was hired by Bei'an Che Yuanzhang. He came back three times, leading the light into the old. Because of his lying on his back, the light and the emperor's abdomen were light. The star guilty of the emperor. The emperor laughed and said: Lian and the acquaintance Yan Ziling were lying together. Except for the doctor, unyielding, go. Farming and fishing in Fuchun Mountain. Today the fishing platform is Hanfuchun County. Xing Gaojie's spiritual style is highly valued by literati in the past. Fan Zhongyan wrote "Mr. Yan's Ancestral Hall", praising his people and things: "... to make greedy husbands and priests stand up to the great teachings." And sing: "Yunshan Cangcang, Jiang Shuiyu "Mr. wind, mountains and rivers ."

〖Four Words General Union of Yan Clan Ancestral Hall〗

Tianshui Shize; Fuchun's family. ——The first name of "Tianshui" county Wangtang, with the surname of Yan, was written in the common name of Yan Clan Ancestral Hall and General Union.

Family name: Yuan Shi; looking out at Huayin. ——Anonymous wrote the surname of Yan surnamed ancestral shrine General couplet code, the origin of surname Yan surname.

Hueiji Xianshou; swaying fisherman. ——Anonymous and ancestral ancestral ancestral temple general couplet code refers to the Western Han Dynasty Wu Yan Yan Zhu, Xian Xianliang, Wudi, official doctor, good at debate. During the year of Jianyuan, he served as eunuch of Hueiji and had virtue. The Xialian Code refers to Yan Shengsun, a literary scholar in the early Qing Dynasty, the word 荪 you, the old man borrowed from a fisherman, Wuxi people. In his early years, he was also called "Jiangnan Three Cloths" with Zhu Yizun and Jiang Yiying. During the Kangxi reign, he learned a lot of macro words, reviewed the officials, and allowed to participate in the revision of " History of Ming Dynasty ." His poems chant more landscapes and idyllic landscapes, and he can also paint and write "Autumn Water Collection".

The elder Han has a long history; a sir. ——Anonymous ancestral hall of Yan surnamed General Union This is the Yanzi Tombs Association of Tonglu County, Zhejiang Province.

Translation Tianyan; Bu Yi Chengdu. ——Anonymous, Yan, Ancestral Hall, General Couplet, and Code refers to Yan Fu, an enlightenment thinker and translator in modern times. After graduating from the first session of the Fuzhou Shipbuilding Academy, he also studied at the British Naval School. During the Guangxu years, he served as the general training and general office of the Beiyang Marine Division School. After the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War , the translation of "Evolution of the Heaven", calling on people to save their lives with the view of "the choice of nature, the survival of the fittest", had a great impact on the ideological community at that time. After the Reform Movement of 1898 , he translated "Yuan Fu", etc., disseminated Western political and economic thoughts, and for the first time proposed translation standards of "faithfulness, elegance, and elegance." The Xialian Code refers to the hermit of the Western Han Dynasty, Yan Junping , with the name Zun, the word Junping, and a native of Shu. When he became an emperor, in Chengdu, he received hundreds of dollars a day to support himself, so he taught "Lao Tzu" behind closed doors and wrote. He was reluctant to be an official and was respected by Yang Xiong , a famous writer at the time. Author of thirteen volumes of "Four Points of Morality."

Chengdu traces; Fuchun is famous. ——Anonymous, the ancestral hall of Yan surnamed General Lianxixi was permanently stationed at Sheshan Hall, referring to Tang Yanwu, who is Chengdu Yin, who used the Tutu power to seal Zheng Guogong . The Xuanlian Code refers to Han Yanguang, hidden in Fuchun Mountain, and the end of farming and fishing, Yanziling Diaotai wins.

Yutai Shize; ——Anonymous, Yan surnamed Ancestral Hall, General Union, All-Union Code, Yutai, belongs to Shandong Province. Ruyu is called Lushui in ancient times. The descendants of the surname Yan Qiaoju are useful for this couple.

遁 居 剡 曲; sell Bu Chengdu. ——Anonymous Yan Clan Ancestral Hall General Union Code refers to the Eastern Han Dynasty Yan Guang (Ziling), fishing in Yin Fuchun. The Xialian Code refers to Western Han Yan Junping, a hermit, who sells divination in Chengdu, and teaches Lao Tzu behind closed doors when he gets a hundred dollars. He is the author of "The Guidance of Moral True Scriptures".

〖Five Words General Union of Yan Surname Ancestral Hall〗

Five-colored shocking phoenix; ——Yan Wei composes the ancestral hall of the surname Yan with the general couplet of the Tang Dynasty Jinshi Yan Wei's poems.

The son is said to be a doctor; ——Anonymous Yan Clan Ancestral Hall General Union Shanghai Code refers to Yan Pengzu, the founder of the “Yan Family” in the Spring and Autumn Period of the Western Han Dynasty, and the son of a character, who was a doctor when he declared Emperor Xuan. Xialian Code refers to the Qing Dynasty writer Yan Kejun, No. Tieqiao, who is proficient in the study of phonology.

〖Seven Words General Union of Yan Ancestral Hall〗

The translation complies with Xindaya; the Wizards are good at portraying poetry. ——Anonymous Yan Clan Ancestral Hall General Couplet Code refers to the modern thinker Yan Fu, who advocated the translation standard of “trustworthiness, elegance, and elegance”. The Xialian Code specifies that the poetry and seal engravers of the modern era can be poems, good paintings, and craftsmen.

Several long-time studies on the heavens; Jiexi will be permanently stationed at the Sheshan Hall-Anonymous writings of the ancestral hall of Yan surnamed general couplet code refers to Yan Fu, a few words, and has translated "Tian Yanlun". The Xialian Code specifies that Dai Song , the prince of the Hongzhi dynasty, Yan Song , No. Jiexi, has "Sheshantang Collection." Xingyao Chen Yuan Zheng Zheng; Merry Secretary auxiliary Code. ——Anonymous wrote the ancestral hall of the surnamed General, and the Confederate Code refers to Tang Jiannan's Jiedushi Yan Wu and his success as Zheng Guogong. The Xialian Code refers to the strict association laws of celebrities in the Tang Dynasty.

Spring warm smoke waves people go fishing; late at night, the moon is hanging. ——Anonymous written by the surname of Yan Clan and General Union full-fledged code refers to Yu Guangren Yan Guang (native surname Zhuang , avoiding Ming emperor to change the surname Yan) in the early Eastern Han Dynasty. Renamed to live in seclusion. Liu Xiu sent people to look around, then summoned to Luoyang, Beijing, as a doctor, he accepted it, and went to Fuchun Mountain. Later, people called the places where he fished on the Fuchun River "Yanlingse" and "Yanziling Diaotai".

Water, light, and wind are all timid; stars like smoke and clouds like republics. —— Yan Fu wrote Yan Fu's Ancestral Hall General Union.

Chiaki Daya Rotary: a cold spring recommended Juxin. ——Anonymous ancestral hall of Yan surnamed General Union This joint is Yan Yu Temple Federation of Shaowu County, Fujian Province.

〖Yuan surnamed ancestors with seven words or more〗

Thousands of stone magpies, Xianyang East China Sea; three-story layman, lying high in the forest. ——Anonymous, the surname of Yan Clan Ancestral Hall, the General Union and the United Nations Code refers to Yan Yannian 's mother, who is a descendant of Xia people in the East China Sea in the Western Han Dynasty. Yan Yannian, Zi Ciqing, studied law when he was young, declared the emperor's official service, and impeached Sima Huoguang to greet the king of Changyi, Liu He, as emperor. He was abolished 27 days later, and the Korean and Chinese teachings were afraid of him. When the prefecture of Renxian County, the repressed East Gao and West Gao. Ren Henan Taishou, destroying powerful and killing many people, was called "Bo Tu". His mother came from the East China Sea and was facing a executioner, so he refused to enter the house and rebuked him: "God is god, you can't just kill people. I don't want to see young people being tortured by old people!" Donghai went. Five of Yan Yannian's brothers have become senior officials. The Donghai people call his mother "Stones of Ten Thousand Stones. The Xialian Code refers to the Yan people of the Song dynasty , the word Shaolu, and the spirit of dynamism, and cut off the association with others. Some people advised him to make friends, but he Cover your ears and don't answer.

Tian Lu talked about the scriptures, and clarified the purpose of the rams; ——Anonymous, Yan surnamed ancestral hall general couplet code refers to Western Han Yan Pengzu. The Xialian Code refers to the Eastern Han Dynasty.

Famous articles in autumn, splendid articles Mian Shize; fishing in spring mountains, talking about bamboo and bamboo. ——Anonymous Yan Clan Ancestral Hall General Union This joint is the Yan Clan Ancestral Hall of Shangyou County, Jiangxi Province. The Quanlian Code refers to Zhuang Zhou, a writer and philosopher during the Warring States Period. Due to the strict change by the Zhuang surname, Zhuang Zhou was also regarded as the ancestor. The "Autumn Waters" and "South China Chapter" are articles by Zhuang Zhou.

Department of Chuzhuang, opened in the Western Han Dynasty, since the surname was given, separated from the currents and ceremonies of the world; the sect was born from the trance, traced back to Tonglu, Zhaoji, and then the air of Hunchun Mountain, representing the humanities. ——Anonymous Yan Clan Ancestral Hall General Union This joint is the Yan Clan Ancestral Hall of Shangyou County, Jiangxi Province. The Quanlian Code refers to the origin of Yan.

Addendum: [Allusions and Survival of Yan]

[The Case of Yan Yazhao] At the beginning of 1826 (six years of Qing Daoguang ), the Chinese teenager Yan Yazhao in Macau was killed by Portuguese major Favacho. His mother, Yan Xu, accused the murderer of Xiangshan County. The Xiangshan County Government requested the Australian and Portuguese authorities to send the defendant to the Xiangmen County for trial. The Australian and Portuguese authorities falsely claimed that the “murderer” was Timorese slave Manuel, claiming that the murderer should be convicted under Portuguese law. Yan Xu's appeal came to Guangzhou. The governor of the two provinces, Ruan Yuan, sent the prefect of Guangzhou, Gao Tingyao, to Macau for investigation. Gao Tingyao repeatedly asked the Australian and Portuguese authorities for the culprit, but he was still refused. He only allowed Chinese officials to face "criminals" in Macau prison. As a result, Chinese officials confirmed that the person had been killed by intoxication, and the Australian and Portuguese authorities insisted that the criminals be executed in accordance with Portuguese law. On March 13th, when the Timorese slave was hanged in Macao, there was a riot in the Macao residents living in Macao. They believed that the executed person was not guilty, but the murderer was at large. They also used bricks and stones to throw Chinese and Portuguese officials, smash the house of Favacho, and even prepare to attack the large battery. The Governor of Macau dispatched troops and gunboats equipped with field guns and killed a Chinese resident before reluctantly calming down the situation. The Chinese living in Macao also demanded that the food supply to the Portuguese in Macau be interrupted, but failed due to the obstruction of the Chinese government.

Celebrities

Yan Sui: from the Warring States Period of Poyang (now southwest of Poyang, Henan). Shi Zai's early career in South Korea , due to tired enemies with Han Xiangxia, then voted together.

Yan Zun: Chengdu, Sichuan (now Sichuan), a Western Han philosopher. Hao Laozhuang, the "Da Yi", follows Lao Tzu 's thought of being born of nothing, and believes that nothingness is the origin of the world. With "Laozi's Guigui".

Yan Zhu: A native of Wuxian County (now Suzhou, Jiangsu) in the Han Dynasty , with virtue. When Emperor Wu of Wuxi asked for talent, Shao offered help, and Emperor worshiped as the doctor, and later served as the eunuch of Hueiji.

Yan Guang: Ziling, a native of Yuyao (now Zhejiang), Hueiji County. Shao traveled with Emperor Guangwu Liu Xiu and was famous. Hou Xiu was named emperor, and he wanted to call Guang as a doctor, and Guangyin was buried in Fuchun Mountain, Zhejiang Province, and he fished himself.

Yan Yan: Shu of the Tang Dynasty (now Sichuan), Guan Zhishangshu shoots right, Taifu. For the generosity of politics, the territory under its jurisdiction is local and peaceful, and the territory is peaceful.

Yan Ren: Shao Wu (now Fujian), a poet of the Song Dynasty , is very ancient and elegant, and there is a collection of "Qing Jiang Yan Ai Nai Ji".

Yan Yu: Shao Wuren, a literary theorist in the Song Dynasty, authored two volumes of Canglangji, and one of the current works is Canglangshihua.

Yan Song : Yuanzhou Fenyi (now Jiangxi), a scholar of Ming Hongzhi years. Teaching and editing, from the official to the prince and the teacher , more than 20 years of dictatorship, framed a lot of loyalty. His poems are written in ancient literary works, and he has authored "The Collection of Sheshan Hall" and engraved "Volumes of Calendar Officials" in twelve volumes. After the death of Yan Song, his son Yan Shifan monopolized the dynasty, sold officials and lords, squandered lavishly, and was executed by Lin Run.

Yan Cheng: Changshu (now Jiangsu), a musician of the Ming Dynasty , a representative of the "Yushan School". His playing style is light and distant, and he writes "Songxianguan Qinpu" and so on.

Yan Ku: a person from Changshu, an engraver of poetry and painting in the Ming Dynasty, and a scholar of Chongzhen during the year. Can poetry, good painting, craftsmanship, when people call it "literature and military strategy."

Yan Fu: Fuzhou, Fujian, enlightenment thinker and translator in the Qing Dynasty . Former professor of Beiyang Naval Academy and president of Beijing Normal University. He has translated "Tian Yan Lun" and "China Education Proposal", as well as "Hou Guan Yan's Series" and "Yan's Translation of Famous Works Series", and many of them have been translated into other languages and spread abroad.

Yan Pengzu: a native of Xiahuang (now Zhouzhou, Jiangsu) in the East China Sea in the Han Dynasty, and he served as the prince and prince of the East County of Henan. In his early years with Yan Anle and Yu Yumeng, he refined the "Four Books" and "Five Classics" and explained the "Gongyang Spring and Autumn" extremely well.

Yan Kejun: a native of Wucheng, Zhejiang (now Huzhou), a literary scientist in the Qing Dynasty, and raised people during the Jiaqing period. He has conducted in-depth research on the phonology of the characters, writing "Sounds of Wenwen", "Draft of the Iron Bridge", etc., and also has a book "All Ancient Three Dynasties, Qin and Han, Three Kingdoms, and Six Dynasties".

Yan Shengsun: a native of Wuxi, Jiangsu, a writer in the Qing Dynasty. Kangxi was fashionable and learned great words, gave review, and participated in the compilation of " History of Ming Dynasty ". Working in poetry, he can also paint, and he has "Autumn Collection".

Yan Suicheng: a native of Wucheng, Zhejiang Province, a poet of the Qing Dynasty, authored eleven volumes of "Haishan's Poems", two supplements, four volumes of "Miscellaneous History of the Ming Dynasty", two volumes of "The Book of Songs' Preface and Suspects" and other great works.

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