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Wenshi

Distribution area

County Wang Wuxing County: Wu Zhi during the Three Kingdoms . Comparing Lin'an, Zhejiang Province to Xuanxing, Jiangsu Province.

Historical source

Smell

Wen (Wén 闻) surname is pure and pure, with one origin: from the surname of Wen Ren, who is the descendant of Shao Zhengyi in the Spring and Autumn Period. Shao Zhengzheng is from Yelu in the late spring and autumn. He is knowledgeable and famous. Some of his ideas were not in harmony with Confucius . He had gathered to give lectures and sang a stage show with Confucius, which led many disciples of Confucius to Shao Zhengzheng to give lectures. Later, Confucius used his authority to kill Shao Zhengxiong. Because Shao Zhengzheng was a person with a great reputation at that time, he was known as the "Wenren", so some of his descendants supported his sons and grandsons instead. Later, part of the people's surname was changed to single surname Wen, which is called Wen surname .

Ancestor

Shao Zhengzheng (see above). Some pre-Qin classics mention that Confucius killed Shao Zhengzheng, while others did not record it. In this way, whether Confucius killed Shao Zhengzheng became a question for future litigation. According to "Zou Zi · Xun Zuo", "Confucius is taking a photo with Lu, and he is facing the seventh day, but Xi Shaozheng is the one. The doorman asked," Fu Shaozheng is the same as Lu Zhiwen, and the master starts for politics. " First of all, let's get it right? 'Confucius said:' Home! My language girl (Ru) is the cause. There are five evil people, but theft is not related to the crime: One heart is dangerous and the other is dangerous. Jian, three days of false and arguing, the fourth is remembering the ugly and broad, and the fifth is saying that it is not fair. The five are one to the other, but they are not free from the gentleman's concubine. Also. " Sima Qian's " Historical Confucius Family "cloud:" (Lu) Dinggong for fourteen years, Confucius was fifty-six years, and the princes took part in the affair ... So Dr. Lu Lu, the rebellious politician of Shaozheng. "Also That is to say, it was only seven days that Confucius was acting as prime minister on behalf of the prince in Lu State, and he killed the then doctor Shao Zhengzhang of Lu State at that time. The reason was that Shao Zhengzhang had five kinds of evil deeds, and he gathered in the family, advocating evil doctrines, and arrogating. , Is the hero of the villain, so it is necessary to kill. Later books, such as Yin Wenzi, Shuo Yuan, and Confucius' Family Language, all quoted "Xunzi" , saying that Confucius killed Shao Zhengyi. However, Zhu Xi of the Southern Song Dynasty believed that Confucius did not kill Shao Zhengzheng. After saying this, many scholars agree. The main reasons are: First, there are many fables in the hundreds of works of scholars, which are not believed. The book was written earlier than "Zuo Zhuan", "Mandarin", "The Analects", and " Mencius " of "Xunzi", which did not mention this matter, and "Zuo Zhuan" and "Mandarin" tended to be confusing to Confucius. Not to mention this, it can be seen that there was no such thing as Confucius killing Shao Zhengzheng in history. Second, it was only seven days after Confucius acted as prime minister on his behalf, and it was impossible to kill another doctor as a doctor. Third, Confucius advocated benevolence and resolutely opposed easy killings. When Dr. Lu put forward the idea of "killing without the right word," Confucius objected. The killing of Shao Zhengzheng did not coincide with Confucius' consistent thinking. The above two theories have their own reasons and have been passed down to this day. So, did Confucius kill Shao Zhengzheng? The academic community is hotly debated on the truth of this matter, and each has its own opinions. Both sides have considerable arguments and it is difficult to draw convincing conclusions.

Migration distribution

Wen's surnames are not among the top 100 surnames on the mainland or in Taiwan. In the Spring and Autumn Period, a well-known scholar in the State of Lu was called Shao Zhengyi, who taught and learned. He was a well-known person at that time, and was called "Wen Ren" (Sen means "Wen Da" in ancient Chinese, meaning famous). His descendants take pride in him, so "Wenren" as his surname, called Wenren. Later, Wen Ren's family name was reduced to Wen, which was passed down from generation to generation. According to ancient books such as "Customs and Customs" and "Mingxian Clan Words and Acts" and other ancient records, the name of the surname was changed to the name of the later, and then changed to the name of the single. It can be seen from this that the surname of Wen and the surname of the surname are actually the same family from the same father, but the Wenren's first and the Wen's later. In other words, Wen is a branch of Wen Renshi. So, does the surname Wen come from time to time? According to research, it is estimated that it was formed in the late Tang and early Song dynasties, because before going through the relevant annals of history, there was no record of Wen Xing and the footprint of activities. The Wangs live in Wuxing County (now in Wuxing County, Zhejiang Province). The other one is the surname Wen. After the defeat of Wen Tianxiang ( Protector of the State ), his twenty-four sons and his descendants moved from Ji'an, Jiangxi, to Lishui (Macheng), Hubei Province, and changed the text to Wen. The difference between people is that the descendants of this branch are taller. "Wen" was changed from "Wen" by the earliest forty-six years of Qing Dynasty (1781). "The Genealogy of Wen Family" edited for the first time: "My surname is Wen Family and lives in Luling, Ji'an, Jiangxi. In the two years of Song Jingyan (1277), the Xinguo Army was defeated in an empty pit, and the founder Liangsuke He was absconded, and was absconding in Lanqingyi, Xiong, and changed the word “wen” to “wen” because of his family. ”The letter Guogong mentioned here is Wen Tianxiang, and Xi is today ’s Hubei Province Lishui County. For more than 700 years, the Wen family genealogy has adopted this statement, and the Wen family also considers themselves descendants of Wen Tianxiang, and Wen Yiduo's research community has mostly accepted this statement. However, in 1992, Wen Liming, the author of Wen Yi Duo Zhuan, questioned this issue with the rigorous attitude of historians. He said: "This kind of statement is difficult to test, and records the time to go 500 years (1277-1781)", "the genealogical line is true, yet to be confirmed." Because "Wen" was originally a surname. Wen Yiduo has also been interested in this issue. He had wanted to write a "Wen Shi Xian De Kao" while studying in Tsinghua University, but due to lack of information, he only wrote in the diary an "undesirable" conclusion without conclusion.

[General couplet of Wen Ancestral Hall ]

〖Wenxing Ancestral Hall Four Words General Union〗

From smelling people; looking out at Wu Xing. ——Anonymous wrote the ancestral hall and the general couplet code, which refers to the source and county of the surname. (See the introduction of the headlines "First, Last Name" and "Four, County Wangtang")

Right to the Tiger Festival; ——Anonymous wrote that the surname of the ancestral hall and the general couplet specified that Wen Liangfu, a person of the Deqing dynasty , had outstanding talents and morals. He was the supervisor of Hongshi during the years of Hongwu, and later he was an official of Dali Shaoqing and Guangdong Ancha. Envoyed to Siam (now Thailand). The Xialian Code refers to the people of the Song Dynasty , Wen Shao, and the governor of the official Xiangshan County.

Juren Xiaoyou; ——Anonymous wrote that the surname of the ancestral hall of the general couplet indicated that the representative of Wenxian County, Wenxi, was honest, inherited the legacy of his father, Wen Xinxin, honest and kind, and the family was wealthy. Anyone who borrowed from him would agree, even if there were no repayments. He didn't blame it and lent it back. The filial piety at home is frugal. The Xialian Code refers to Wen Zhe's grandson Wen Ze, with the words US and China. He was a jinshi during Zhengde years. He was the chief of the Ministry of Military Affairs and Jiangxi Chief Secretary. He had been sentenced to death for the patrolling of Emperor Wuzong's south. He is a filial piety at home and is an official Zhongqin. People say that he can inherit the virtues that have been passed down from generation to generation in his family.

The article is famous; ——Anonymous wrote that the surnamed ancestral hall was universally approved by Songlian Wenjianchang. The next couplet code states Wen Keqi.

〖Five Words General Union of Wenxing Ancestral Hall〗

The disciples had high brothers; ——Anonymous, written and heard surnamed ancestral hall General couplet This couplet is an analysis couplet in which the word “wen” is inlaid with a crane top inlay.

Brothers two Jinshi; father and son are both benevolent. ——Anonymous wrote that the surname of the ancestral temple and the general couplet specified the couplet on behalf of Wenze and Wenyuan brothers (both from Shexian County), both of whom were scholars. The Xialian Code pointed out that the nominee Wen Yi and the people of Shexian County, adhering to his father's trustworthy style, were generous and candid, and they were called "duking gentlemen".

〖Seven Words General Union of Wenxing Ancestral Hall〗

Looking at Beidou from a distance, often hitting Da Lu Ying and Huang Zhong. ——Anonymous and Common Names Ancestral Hall General Union This couplet is a well-known modern scholar and poet Wen Yiduo.

〖Wen Xing Ancestral Hall with more than seven words General Union〗

Huaguo article, surname Yanta; ask questions about the gains and losses of the government; ——Anonymous wrote that the surname of the ancestral hall and the general couplet's joint code refers to the famous celebrities in the Song Dynasty when they heard about the event. The Xialian Code refers to the new event code named Yan Wenke.

Since the beginning of his life, he moved for more than 300 years. From Ming Dynasty, he was born in the 17th century. ——Anonymous and common surnamed ancestral shrine ancestral couplet This joint is the Wenshi ancestral shrine confederation of Guzhen County, Anhui Province. The Wenzhi of the Shanglian Code was relocated from Gushi, Henan (the town of Lingzhi County in the Ming and Qing Dynasties). "Ge Ge" is a metaphor for lush foliage, which can shelter the roots. The Xialian Code refers to the seventeenth generation of the Wenzhi family since the Ming Dynasty.

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