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Zhai

Distribution area

In the long-term reproduction and relocation process, the surname Zhai formed the following counties: Runan County: Han Gao Di Zhi, today in the south of central Henan Province and north of Huaihe River in Anhui Province. Nanyang County: Qin Guozhi County during the Warring States Period. It is equivalent to the area of Nanyang City, Henan Province.

Historical source

Zhai originated

Zhai (Zhái, Dí) surname comes from five origins: 1. It comes from the surname of Xun, with the country name. He was originally the last name of the Chidi people of the nomadic people in the northern part of the Central Plains during the Zhou Dynasty. In the spring and autumn, the Chidi people lived between Jin, Wei, Qi, Lu, Song and other countries, and they were called Zhai . At the end of the 6th century BC, the Jin Dynasty attacked Chidi in a large scale and destroyed the Zhai State. Most of the Zhai people became Jin subjects and gradually merged with the Jin people. The descendants of the Zhai people named the surname after the original country. According to the "Mandarin Note", the surname of Xin'an Zhai, after Chi Zhai (that is, Chi Di) in the Spring and Autumn Period, was named after the surname of Di , and later changed to the name of Dí Yin. 2. Named from Qi , a descendant of Huangdi Xuanyuan , with the name of the country. According to "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and "Tongzhi · Clan Profile", in ancient times, there were Zhai in the north (later called Zhai State). Di Guo was established by the descendants of Huangdi in ancient times. In the ancient Spring and Autumn Period, Zhai was destroyed by Jin Dynasty, and then Jin Dynasty was destroyed by Han, Zhao, and Wei . When the Warring States Period, these three countries were destroyed by Qin. In this long-term war, Zhai Guoren fled to various places after surnamed their original country. Due to the different local dialects, the Zhai surname has two pronunciations: those who live in the north (Dí Yindi) and those who move to the south (Zhái Yinzhai). 3. From the surname of Ji , with the name of the country. Zhou Cheng Wang Feng's second son was Yu Zhai (the old city was in South Luoyang, Jinhe Province), and the country was later used as the clan. 4, comes from Zhang surnamed Zhai. According to the "Zhi Ji Zhai Ji", Zhai County, Anhui, surnamed Zhang , the original surname Zhang . 5. The surname came from other clan: ① The Bai clan uses the conch as a totem, and some remember it as the family name Zhai. ② Today Yao, Manchu, Mongolian, Hui and other ethnic groups all have this surname.

Ancestor

Xuanyuan. In the ancient times, Huangdi Xuanyuan's tribe leader (one with Xiong 's tribe) was the organizer of the Yanhuang Tribe Alliance. The tribe originally settled in the northwestern plateau and shared the Shaodian clan with Emperor Yan . Later, they went eastward and defeated Yan Emperor in Banquan (now southeast of Zhuolu, Hebei), and merged into one. Later he sacked Chi You and was promoted to the leader of the Yanhuang Tribe Alliance. At that time, there were many inventions and creations (such as coffins, palace houses, boat cars, silk, medicine, characters, calendars, arithmetic, rhythm, etc.), so later generations praised him for "making life possible" and giving the image of the emperor. Zhai Guo lived in the North during the Spring and Autumn Period, and then died in Jin. The descendants then took the country as the clan and called the Zhai surname. They respected their ancestor Xuanyuan as the ancestor of the surname.

Migration distribution

According to "Yuanhe Surname Compilation", the Zhai surname lived northward in the Spring and Autumn Period (now Yaoxian County, Fuping, Shaanxi Province), and then died in Jin. The descendants of Qin Shi were scattered in Shanxi and Jiangnan. According to historical data, during the Spring and Autumn Period, the state-owned Zhai Louxin and the state-owned Zhai Hou during the Warring States Period, it should be said that before the Qin Dynasty, Zhai surnames had been distributed in today's Henan, Shandong, and Shanxi. In the two Han dynasties, there were many surnames Zhai in the annals of history, such as Zhai Fangjin , Zhai Xuan, and Zhai Yi, who were from Shangcai (now in Henan Province), and Tingwei Zhaigong who was from Xia Guiyu (now Weinan, Shaanxi Province). Mu Weipei (now Jiangsu Province), Jingzhao Yin Zhaiyin was from Nanyang (now Henan Province), Zhai Xifu from the Eastern Han Dynasty was from Guanghan (now Guanghan, Sichuan Province) ... This shows that at the time of the Han Dynasty, Zhai surnamed Shaanxi and went to Sichuan and Jiangsu to the south. During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties , the Zhai surnames who settled in Runan and Nanyang flourished. After the reproduction and development, the Zhai surnames Runan County and Nanyang County were formed. At this time, the Zhai Tang family, which spawned in Xunyang, Lujiang (now Huangmei, Hubei Province), was quite eye-catching. Its sons Zhai Zhuang, Sun Zhaizheng, great-grandson Zhai Faci, and Xuansun Zhai Guang were all famous at that time, and they were named history. During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the Zhai surname continued to flourish in the north, especially in the Henan area. In the Five Dynasties, Ten Kingdoms, and Two Songs, Zhai surnamed many celebrities in the annals of history. Based on their place of origin, Zhai surname is still very strong in Henan and Shandong in the north, and Zhai has settled in Beijing today. The southern Zhai surnames in Anhui, Jiangsu, and other places have begun to take shape. It is particularly worth mentioning that Zhai Fengheng, a scholar from the Northern Song Dynasty, Huizhou Guishan (now Huiyang, Guangdong Province), indicates that Zhai has settled in Guangdong at the southern end of China. province. At the end of the Song Dynasty and the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, because the North had been ruled by the Mongolians, the arms on both sides of the Yangtze River raged, and the relatively stable Zhai surnames in Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, and other places were relatively stable. The Zhai surnames in Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang were Avoiding the fire, he moved to the southern provinces, so that the two lakes, Guangdong and Guangxi and other places have surnamed Zhai. In the early Ming Dynasty, as one of the migrant surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong, Shanxi Zhai was relocated to Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Shaanxi, and Anhui. During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, the surnames of Zhai in Hebei, Shandong, and Henan were those who broke through the Guandong and moved to the three eastern provinces, and the Zhai surnames along the coast crossed the sea to Taiwan, and sailed to other foreign countries such as Nanyang. Today, the Zhai surname is widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Hebei and Shandong. The Zhai surname in the two provinces accounts for about 48% of the population of the Zhai surname in the Han nationality. The Zhai surname is the 108th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.15% of the Han population in China.

Hall number

Chuanshitang and Chongweitang: "Chuanshitang" originated from Zhai Fu in the Han Dynasty , and taught the Book of Songs in the fourth century. The emperor favored the foreign relatives , and Zhai Fu tried hard to get up. Although the pet minister hates him, he is afraid of him, so he is also called "pet fear church". Zhongxiaotang: During the Ming and Wanli years , General Jiang Zhairu, a Funan general in Jiangnan Town, went to Yunnan's frontiers to commit rebellion and die for his country . In addition, the main hall names of Zhai surname are: "Bo Gu Tang", "Nan Yang Tang", "Yu Gu Tang", "Qing Yuan Tang", "Shi Zuo Tang", "Du Cheng Tang" and so on. V. Clan Features 1. The first sound of the Zhai surname was "Di", and then it was changed to the "Zhai" sound. In fact, the two are the same surname, and they have the same source. 2. The allusions between Zhai Gong and Menko Luoque are astounding. When the Emperor Wendi of the Han Dynasty was Zhai Gong, the guest was overweight and dismissed, and the guests were few. Mencolo bird (you can catch a bird on the net in front of the gate). After the court captain, the guest wanted to go. Zhai Gong wrote on the door: Knowing friendship; one poor and one rich, knowing friendship; one expensive and one low, seeing friendship. "

[General couplet in Zhai surnamed ancestral temple ]

〖Four Words General Union of Zhai Surname Ancestral Hall〗

Hongcai is sufficient; Gaoxing Suzhuan. ——Anonymous author Zhai Xun's ancestral general couplet code refers to Han Zhai Jun, the fourth poem "Poem", good " Laozi ", You Shantuwei, astronomy, calendar calculation, test first, worship the book, and later Jiuquan obedience, slashed the rebellion, became famous. The Xialian Code refers to Jin Zhai Tang, being pure and vegan, benevolent and honest, Yongjia and Kou harm one after the other, smelling Tang Deming, dare not commit it, and the villagers rely on it.

〖Six-Common Union of Zhai Family Ancestral Hall〗

Feng Hou can testify to the bones; ——Anonymous Zhuan Zhai Ancestral Hall General Union Shanglian said that in the Western Han Dynasty Cai Zhai Fangjin, the word Ziwei, was an orphan when he was a teenager, he was a clerk in Taishoufu, and Runan companion Cai Fang said that he had "Houhou bone" Should rely on suspense to be a great official. Later, he went to Beijing to study "Spring and Autumn" with his doctor for more than ten years. He used shooting strategy A as the Lang, and also went through official Shuo Fangshi, Jing Zhaoyin, and Prime Minister, and Gao Lingling. The Xialian Code refers to Zhai Gong of the Western Han Dynasty, the court captain of the Emperor Wen, and the guests all day. After the dismissal, Mencoro was spoiled. Later, as the court captain, many guests wanted to go to his house. Therefore, he signed his door with a big character: "One death and one life, knowing friendship; one poor and one rich, knowing friendship; one is expensive, and one is cheap, seeing friendship."

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