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Gui 's

Distribution area

Tianshui County: The first county of the Western Han Dynasty. Equivalent to today's Gansu Province Tianshui, east of Longxi. Youzhou: One of the thirteen states set by Emperor Hanwu . The Eastern Han Dynasty ruled thistle, and today Daxing County, Beijing; the Jin Dynasty prefecture was ruled by Jiu, and today in Hebei Province. Tang Tianbao was Fanyang County during his years. Yan County: This county name does not exist in history books. The northern part of Hebei Province today is known as the Yan State in the Zhou Dynasty, also known as the Northern Yan.

Historical source

"Gui" originated

Gui (Guì) is pure in origin and has one origin: from the surname Ji , a descendant of Zhou Wangxun, who changed his name to avoid accidents. According to the "Sequence of the Gui Family", Ji Jisong, a descendant of the former royal family Zhou King, once served as a doctor of Qin Guo after the death of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. Ji Qin was killed when Qin Shihuang burned the book and Confucianism . To avoid the fate of Zhulian, Ji Jizhen's younger brother Ji Jizhen changed the names of Ji Jizhen's four sons to avoid misfortune according to the pronunciation of his name "眭". The eldest son was named Yi Yi, who changed to Gui Yi and lived in the tomb of Youzhou; the second child was called Baotu and moved to Zhuxu, Jinan; the third child was called a prize and lived in Qi Guoli Mountain; the fourth child was called acetylene and moved to Yangcheng, Henan . So there are four homonyms of gui, 昋, 炅, and acetylene. The surname of Gui is the descendant of Ji Jiyuan's eldest son, Gui Yi, and has been passed down from generation to generation. Although the four surnames mentioned above are different, the sounds are the same and they are the same origin. In the fifth generation, the four surnames went to Guangxin and Shangrao to escape the war.

Ancestor

Ji Yi (Gui Yi). The surname of Gui is derived from the surname of Ji. His ancestor Ji Jisong was a weekender and was Dr. Qin. He was framed. His younger brother Ji Jisong was afraid of being implicated, so he let his four nephews follow the homonym of "眭" Change the surnames to Gui , Xi, Xi, and acetylene respectively. One of his eldest sons was renamed Gui Yi. Later descendants of the three surnames of silkworm, pupa, and acetylene all acknowledged their ancestors and changed their surname to the Gui family of Dafang. In addition, "Summary of Surnames" points out that Gui surnamed Ji is the descendant of Ji Jiyu of Lugong tribe. Regarding the distribution of the descendants of the surname Gui, according to historical data, the first surname is Gui Yi, the eldest son of Ji Jiyu's surname. According to the "Gui Family Multiplication Order," it is recorded in the tomb of Luzhou in his hometown. The second child moved to Zhu Xu, Jinan. The oldest mistress moved to Lishan, Jinan. Lao Siyne moved to Chengyang, Henan. In order to flee, the brothers went their separate ways and found footnotes for the Gui family throughout the country. The Wangs live in Tianshui County (now southwest of Tongwei County, Gansu Province). Therefore, the surname of Gui surnamed Ji Yi.

Migration distribution

The surname Gui is not among the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland or in Taiwan. Gui surnamed from Ji surname. At the end of the Zhou Dynasty, Qin State-owned doctor Ji Ji was a descendant of the Zhou Dynasty royal family. Later, when Qin Shihuang burned the book and Confucianism, Ji Jishang's was also killed. Ji Jisong had a younger brother Ji Jisong, who was worried that Ji Jishang's four sons would be affected. They were asked to change their names to surnames and leave for a different place. Among them, Ji Jishang ’s eldest son took the uncle Ji Ji ’s “眭” homonym “gui” as the surname, and because the “古代” and “gui” characters were commonly used in ancient times, they are called the Gui family and have been passed down from generation to generation. Gui's surname. In the fifth generation, the four surnames went to Guangxin and Shangrao to escape the war. Gui's early performance was relatively quiet. After the Song and Ming dynasties, the situation was completely different. The Gui family in Cixi, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, was even more glorious in the Ming Dynasty. The Gui family from the north soon became the famous surname in Jiangnan. For the foundation of the Gui family in Ningbo, Zhejiang, it should be inferred that Gui Yanliang, who was praised by the Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty as "the Jiangnan is in Confucianism, is one man". Shi Zai, when Zhu Yuanzhang was conquering the North and the North, Gui Yanliang was the head of Baoshan Academy, and he heard the world with his full name. When Zhang Shicheng and Fang Tongzhen were hired into the shogunate, they were rejected. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, he came out of the mountain and was known for his "consultation and righteousness". Shi Yanliang's nephew Zong Ru, Zong Fan, who is good at literature, and is the editor of " Yongle Ceremony ". Sun Guigong, a famous filial son; Yan Liang's younger brother Gui Mengcheng, Guanhe Yuanzhi County, has governance. Outside of Yan Liang, Cixi Guiboliang, Guiye, etc. are also very famous. The Wang family surnamed Gui lives in Tianshui (southwest of Tongwei County, Gansu Province today).

Hall number

Folk Sacred Hall: In the Song Dynasty , there was Gui Qing, who originally worked as a doctor of Yin Guanglu in the Southern Tang Dynasty , and was the chief envoy of Jin Sikong and Qingbian. After entering Song dynasty, he added to the inspection of the Guozijian Jiujiu, and served as the imperial prince in the palace. He was an official of two dynasties, and he loved the people honestly, and the people built temples to worship him.

[General couplet of Gui Ancestral Hall ]

〖Guilian Ancestral Hall Four Words General Union〗

Looking out of Tianshui; surname Qi Guiyi. ——Anonymous Articles of Gui Gui Ancestral Hall General Union Code refers to the origin and county of Gui surname (see the introduction of “First and Last Name Surname” and “Four and County Prefectural Halls”).

Tangyin compares things; ——Anonymous Gui Gui surnamed ancestral ancestors general couplet guide guide Song Cixi people Gui Wanrong, the word dream association, Jinshi in the first year of Qing, Guan Yugan county captain, to the strong and strict and treat the people. Later, he joined the army with the official Jiankang Secretary, a doctor from Chaosan, a bachelor from Baozhangge, and Changde prefecture. Collected the cases of ancient people's judgments, compiled a book called "Tangyin Bishi". "Tangyin" refers to the case when the Zhou Dynasty called the Gongnan to tour south, and he handled the case under the Gantang tree, and later used the "Tangyin" as a metaphor for Huizheng. The Xialian Code specifies Guiren, who is an Anren benevolent, with the word Zishi, No. Gushan, and a scholar in Zhengde. In the early years of Jiajing, he was promoted from Cheng'an County to Nanjing's Criminal Department . At that time, he and his colleague Zhang Ye and the two of them agreed to discuss the ceremony, saying, "If you are not a god, you cannot discuss the ceremony; there is a way for the world, rites and music must come from the emperor." (Uncle) was called "Huang Bo Kao", and Xingxian Wang Zhu Kuhang (Sejong's father) was called "Huang Kao". He won King Sejong's favor, and was soon promoted to the official ministry and the scholar of Wuying Dian University (Prime Minister). After the death of Wu Wenxiang. There are "Guilin Xiangxiangyiyi", "narrative maps", "Civil Records of the World". Sinology refers to the academic culture inherent in the country.

〖Guixing Ancestral Hall of Six Languages General Union〗

The court used can be called a good official; the Bank of China has a blue sky. ——Anonymous Gui Gui Ancestral Hall General Union Shanghai Shangdian Code specifies that Guizhou Guiting will be used on behalf of Hongwu Wuchao County . It is self-sustained by the festival of winds, popularized in culture, and popular in Xianfu. The Xialian Code refers to the central government of Hunan in the Qing Dynasty , who was a native of Linchuan. Hygiene. Xianfeng to the county to join the army. He has had sound performances. You are more cautious about breaking prison. The nickname says blue sky. Eighth Book of Goodness, You Gonghua Lan.

Jiangnan Great Confucianism in the Ming Dynasty; Mr. Cixi Guxiang. ——Anonymous Gui Gui surnamed ancestral hall general couplet joint code specifies that the prince on behalf of the orthographic Gui Yanliang, name virtue, Qingxi, Cixi people. Knowledgeable, Emperor Hongwu once said: "The great Confucianist in the south of the Yangtze River, but one (Qing Yan)." The Xialian Code specifies the surnames Confucius, Guihuai, and Cixi. Known as erudition. Fang Xiaoru admires his name, and scholars respect him as "Mr. Guxiang." He has authored "Sang Yu Manuscript."

The principal discusses a great gift; ——Unknown name Gui Gui Ancestral Hall General Union Shanghai Shangdian Code indicates that Gui Ye was the principal of the Ministry of Penalty during the Jiajing year. The next couplet code states that Gui Yanliang tasted: "On the rule of governance lies in the heart, and the heart is punishing the impotence." Taizu said: "Jiangnan Great Confucianism, but Qing Qing alone."

〖Gui Gui Ancestral Hall with more than seven words〗

Breaking the prison into a book, Tangyin compares things; ——Anonymous Guide to the Commons of the Gui Clan Ancestral Hall of Commons, Gui Wanrong Song Cixi , Gui Wanrong (see "Four Words of the Gui Clan Ancestral Hall of Commons, Tangyin Bishi; Guoxue Yingsheng" joint release). The Xialian Code refers to the mother Gui of Song Xiedai, and You Xianda of Gui, who has been broadcast since Xiedai, and the woman and Sun You are far away, and there is no complaint. When asked, he said: "Of course, righteousness." People are called virtuous mother clouds.

The pirates have high merits and stick to the festival of retreating from Tibet; Yimin keeps administration simple and elegant and clean. ——Anonymous Zhuan surnamed ancestral hall general couplet couplet code refers to the Song Dynasty Guozi Jiu Jiu Qing, with Huizheng, the village has a temple worship (see the above heading "four, county Wangtang No. 2, the introduction of the hall number) . The Xialian Code refers to the Guinan Shengshi Code, a good official of the Song Dynasty.

Participated in the Yongle ceremony, with great achievements; ——Anonymous Gui Gui Ancestral Hall General Union Shanghai Shangdian Code indicates that the modern scholars Gui Zongru and Gui Zongfan are the descendants of Gui Yanliang, all good literature, and have participated in the compilation of "Yongle Grand Ceremony". "Xialian Code" refers to Gui Wencan of Qing Dynasty, Zhixian County, Shexian County, with white characters and long research texts.

Appendix: [Allusions and Fun Facts]

〖Gui Wanrong's "Tangyin Bishi" and Ancient Detective Wisdom〗 " Sun Tzu's Art of War " reads: "The soldiers, the tricks are also." Li Zhi of the Tang Dynasty said: "The army is not tired of cheating." The reason lies in deceit, so that the other party cannot understand the details. " Han Fei Zi Nan Yi" also has the saying "Being warring, don't tire of fraud". In the novel "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms", Luo Guanzhong used Cao Cao 's mouth to summarize the four-character idiom "Bing is not tired of cheating." The way of using soldiers is not tired of fraud; the way of detecting is the same. Some cases of "Tangyin Bishi" compiled by Gui Wanrong of the Song Dynasty reflect the wisdom of the ancients in this regard. "Tangyin Bishi" is another book about litigation activities after the "Suspense Collection" compiled by the five generations of He Ning and He × father and son, and the Song Dynasty Broken Turtle Book compiled by Zheng Ke of the Song Dynasty. Gui Wanrong has no biography of history books, so it is difficult to check his life. According to his post title in "Tangyin Than After the Order", it is "Chao San Doctor, Xin Chu Zhi Bao Zhang Ge, Zhi Changde Mansion". It was the first year of Li Zong Duan Ping in the Southern Song Dynasty, which was 1234. . The time of writing the book, according to "The Order of Tangyin Bishi", was "year-old in reconciliation", which refers to the age of Xin Wei, that is, the four years of Ningzong Jiading in the Southern Song Dynasty, which was 1211 . Twenty-four years have elapsed between the writing of the Foreword and the Foreword. As for the other aspects of Gui, we know very little. Regarding the naming of "Tangyin Bishi", "Tangyin" means "Tang Yin", which is taken from the Book of Songs · Zhaonan · Gantang. The three chapters of his poem, three sentences each, are a poem praising Zhaobo for hearing the lawsuit. Gantang, that is, Du pear, also known as Tang pear, has round and pointed leaves, flowers are water-red, fruits are round and small, and the branches are full of sweet and sour. Because Gantang branches are tall, they were often planted in front of the society in the ancient times, which is called Shemu. The ancient society was a place to hear the case and to worship the god of the earth and the god of the grain. Legend has it that Zhaobo once heard the case in the shade of the Gantang tree in front of the society, and was fair and selfless. People loved him and sang this "Gantang", saying that he wanted to care for the trees in front of the society, and used it to nostalgia for Zhaobo. The word "bi Shi", according to Gui's "Preface", means "bi Shi gen word", which is the meaning of the platonic genus and the meaning of concatenated rhetoric. In "Tangyin Bishi", the cases reflecting the wisdom of detection are very prominent, such as "Yan Chao virtual thief", "the way to conceal the prisoner", "Liu Shebang list", "Yang Jin won silk", "Pei Ming urgent vomiting" and so on. Let's do some introduction and analysis on the above five cases.

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