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Niu

Distribution area

According to the " Hundred Family Names in the County", the Niu family looked out of Longxi County. Longxi County: Qin Guozhi County during the Warring States Period. The rule is in Didao, and the old city is now in Lintong South, Gansu. Jurisdiction is now east of Dongxiang, Gansu, west of Wushan, and north of Lixian. The Three Kingdoms Wei relocated to Xiangwu, and the old city is now southwest of Gansu.

Historical source

`` Bull '' origin

1. From the surname, descended from Shang Tang . According to the "Tongzhi · Clan Profile", "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and "Tangshu · Genealogy Table", Zhou Wu Wang Feng Weizi (brother of the King Wang Xi) in the Song, in the worship of King Tang, Wei Zizhi After the father of Song Sikou Niu, he took the word of the father as the clan. 2. The last name was changed to the last name of cattle . According to the " Sui Book " and "Road History", Sui Dynasty Niu Hong, his father Xun Yun was the servant of the Northern Wei Dynasty, given the surname Niu (after the Three Kingdoms Wei general General Niu Jin, changed the surname for refuge, to 寮Allowed to restore the original name). 3. Formed in the people. The farmhouse is accompanied by cattle, and they stay with them all day long, and some use cattle as their surname. 4. His family changed his name. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Shijiang, Zhongjiang, and other places in Lijiang Prefecture, Yunnan, had the cattle name as the Naxi ethnic group ; the Qing Dynasty Manchu family name, living in Shenyang, and was lined with yellow flag-coated pipe collars; today Manchu, Tibetan, Tujia, Mongolia, and Dongxiang Ethnic groups such as, Hui, Korean, Yi have this surname.

Ancestor

Cow father. The Niu surname is derived from his surname and is a descendant of the founding emperor Shang Tang of the Shang Dynasty . After King Zhou Wu's extermination, the royal family of the Shang Dynasty was named Song Dynasty (now Shangqiu, Henan) and established the Song Dynasty . After Weizi, there is the father of cattle, who is the official Song Guo Shou (in charge of prison). During the time of Song Wugong, the nomadic people of Xirongdi repeatedly committed Song, and his father Niu led the army to defeat the enemy in Changqiu. Later in a battle, the country was unfortunately heroic. He died because of his country, and his descendants will use his word as the family name, called the cattle surname. They respected the father of cattle as the ancestor of the surname of cattle.

Hall number

Longxi Hall: In fact, it is common to the Niu surname Wangzu county. Longxi is the breeding and development center of the Niu surname. No matter where the later Niu surnames go, as long as the church name is typed, they will be recognized as the same ancestors. They originally came from "Longxi" and mutually Talk, feel kind, help each other, and do my best . Taishitang: Originated from the Tang Dynasty poet Niu Fengji and wrote "Tangshu". Niu Feng and Niu Hong's great-grandson, the servant to the gatekeeper, wrote "Tang Shu", 110 volumes. Because the main achievement of his life is to repair the history of the country, the hall is called "Tai Shi Tang". Not only is it a memorial hall, but it also has the meaning of praising virtue. In addition, Niu's main hall names are: Daya Hall and Weiming Hall.

Migration distribution

The Niu surname originated in Shangqiu, Henan, during the Spring and Autumn Period. In 286 BC, the late Warring States period, Song was divided up by Qi, Chu, and Wei. At this time, the cattle surnames seen in the annals of history are: Qin Guoda, Confucianism, Niu Que, Zhao Guo, General Niu, and Zhao Guoren, cattle and cattle, etc., indicating that cattle surnames have entered Hebei, Shaanxi and other places. The historical figures of cattle surnames in the Han Dynasty include: Zhangye Taishou cattle merchant, Yushi doctor Niu Arrived, Hushou Xiaowei (now Lintong, Gansu province), Niu Han, Waihuang Linglongxi Niu Shu, and Dong Zhuo 's son and daughter Niu Fu and so on. Niu Shang later served in Fufeng. Niu Fu was a close friend of Dong Zhuo (Dong was from Lintong, Gansu). From his experience, the two should also be from Shaanxi and Gansu. It can be seen that the cattle name has begun to take shape in Longxi at this time. During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, warlords clashed and Yi invaded, resulting in social unrest, the people were not talking about life, and the cattle surnames from the Central Plains moved to Jiangnan, but the number was not large. Although Longxi's cattle surname is adjacent to other ethnic groups, it is far from the Central Plains' right and wrong place, so it has not been affected much. Instead, people have flourished and thrived, forming the most important county in the history of the cattle surname--Longxi County. At the time of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the surname of the cattle in Longxi was even better. It was described as celebrities and senior officials such as Niu Hong, a great gentleman, and his granddaughter Niu Sang, the grandson of Niu Sang, and the granddaughter of Niu Sang, and the poet Niu. Niu Xiji, niece's nephew, is well-known in the world and has a history. At this time, Longxi celebrities still have Niu Xianke who was a relative in Tang Dynasty. From the end of the Tang Dynasty to the fifth generation, the people of Central Plains once again fell into the helpless situation of frustration, and had to move away from home and abroad. At that time, the cattle surnames of Shaanxi and Gansu moved to Sichuan in the south, the Yellow River in East Vietnam entered Shanxi, and the cattle surnames of the Central Plains were relocated to Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui. In the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the cattle surname in Shanxi began to flourish. In the early Ming Dynasty , Shanxi Niu surname was one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong in the Ming Dynasty . It was moved to Henan, Anhui, Shandong, Hebei, and Northeast China. In the Qing Dynasty , some cattle surnamed Shanxi went to the west exit to Inner Mongolia, and Henan cattle surnamed Guandong to the northeast. At this time, the cattle surname had spread throughout the country, and there were those who crossed the sea to Taiwan and traveled overseas. Today, the cattle surname is widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Henan. Its population accounts for about 41% of the national Han population. In addition, Shanxi also has such surnames. The cattle surnames in the two provinces account for the Han population. Ninety-five percent of the population.

Celebrities

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