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Yan

Distribution area

Shanggu County: In 222 BC, after the destruction of Qin Dynasty, Zhao was set up in Shanggu County, and the government office was Juyang (now Southeast of Huailai County, Hebei Province). Fanyang County: During the Three Kingdoms , Wei changed the county to Fanyang County. It is equivalent to the current Yi County of Hebei Province, Changping County and Fangshan County of Beijing.

Historical source

`` Swallow '' comes out

The name of Yan (Yān) comes from three sources: 1. It is from Ji , which is the descendant of Emperor Huang . It is named after the country. The Emperor Huang was abandoned, and was the ancestor of the Zhou Dynasty . After the King Zhou Wu destroyed the business, he called the public to sacrifice Yan, and established the State of Yan, and the capital was established in Ji (now Beijing). Historically, it was different from the state of Yan in the Yanjin area, and was called Beiyan. Zhao Gong sent his eldest son to manage the state affairs of Yan State, and he stayed in Guo Jing, the capital. The descendants of Zhaogong's eldest son are hereditary forty-three generations. After the Yan state was destroyed by the Qin, the descendants of the Yan state were named after the original state. 2. It is from the surname of Li and the name of the country. One of the descendants of the Yellow Emperor was Bo Yi, who was sealed in Yan during the Shang Dynasty (now northeast of Yanjin County, Henan Province), and established the Yan Kingdom, which is historically different from the Jiyan Bird Kingdom and is called Nanyan . Later, Nan Yan annihilated the country, and the descendants of Bo Yi were named after the original country, called Yan. 3, from the ancient northern Xianbei have Yan .

Ancestor

Call the public. China's Yan family is named after the country, and the country is named after Yanshan. According to the historian's testimony, more than 3000 years ago, Zhou Tianzi sealed the princes, sealed the minister who had contributed to the Zhou room in Jidi, and was called by the magnificent and beautiful Yanshan when he called on his land. Just named his country "Swallow". The kingdom of Yan was not destroyed by the Emperor Qin Shihuang until the end of the Warring States Period. From then on, the people of the kingdom of Yan took the name of the old country as the family name, and the name of the family was Yan. Yan's surname has a history of about 2,200 years. The origins of the Yan family, according to the "Mingxian clan's words and deeds" records, Yan family is from the compilation of surnames, is the descendant of Zhaogongyu recorded in " Historical Records ", is the same surname of Zhou, was sealed in the Yan kingdom, a total of four In the twelfth century, the generation of Wang Xi was destroyed by the Qin Kingdom, and the descendants of the later generations took the Kingdom as their clan. In the Han Dynasty, there were heroes in Yicheng, Hou Yancang, and later in the Han Dynasty, there was Zhonglang Jiangyan, and the Wangs came from Shanggu and Fanyang. Therefore, the descendants of Yan surnamed Gongyu as the ancestor of the surname of Yan.

Migration distribution

The surname Yan was not included in the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland or in Taiwan. Yan's surname is Ji. After Zhou Wu Wang Jifa defeated Shang Yang and won the world, he divided the princes. Among them, a noble named Ji Shuang was sealed to Yandi (now northern Hebei Province and western Liaoning Province) as king. Later in the end of the Warring States Period, Yan State was destroyed by Qin State. The descendants of Ji Shuang took the country name as the surname, called Yan, and formed a surname of Yan. There is also a surname Yan dating back to the Shang Dynasty. At that time, an aristocrat named Boyao was sealed into Yandi (now in Yanjin County, Henan Province), and the Yan State was established. Bo Yan's descendants also use Yan as their surname, which is another source of Yan's surname today. In ancient times, the Wang family with the surname Yan mostly came from Shanggu. It should be noted that in the Zhou Dynasty, there were actually two swallow kingdoms. The history of the swallow kingdom passed down from the public was called north swallow, and there was another south swallow, located in the west of Jixian County, Henan Province. country. In the pre-Qin period, Nan Yan and Bei Yan were two different countries. One was descended from the descendants of Zhou Wen, the son of King Zhou Wen, and the other was from Huangdi Xuanyuan . But their origins, traced back to their roots, are descendants of the Ji surname of Huangdi. However, Nanyan has not been as long as Beiyan. According to the records in "Tongzhi · Clan Profile", the descendants of Zhaogongyu have the kingdom as the clan and the descendants of the Yellow Emperor. The Wangs live in Fanyang County, which is now the Ji County of Hebei Province. When Yan surnamed on the stage of history, he performed more prominently. In the Spring and Autumn Period, one of the Confucian disciples was Yan, who had been consecrated as a Yuyang Bo by later generations; the Han Dynasty first discovered Shangguan's conspiracy and was later named the heroic hero Yancang of Xuancheng; in the late Han Dynasty he was classified as a traitor Hou's great migration, Yan's surname has since moved south, making Tu, an ancient surname originating from Hebei and Henan, gradually becoming stronger in southern China, like the Northern Song artist Wen Gui, who is Wu Xing (now Jiangsu). General Yan Feng from Zhenyuan in the Northern Wei Dynasty, Yan Chong, the ward of Hanoi, Yan Song from the Sui anal general, Yan Da from the Wuxin Army of the Song Dynasty , painter Yan Wengui, and metrology inventor Yan Su are all celebrities in the surname of Yan. Hall call on the hall: In the Warring States Period, King Yan Zhao wanted to rejuvenate the kingdom of Yan, and he recruited the world with good treatment. He worshiped Guo Yan as a teacher and built a golden platform for him, so many sages rushed to Yan State from all directions , and Yan State was rejuvenated.

[General couplet of Yan's Ancestral Hall ]

〖Four Words General Union of Yan's Ancestral Hall〗

Yan Guoqi's surname; Fan Yang valve read. ——Anonymous The Common Couplet Code of Yan Clan Ancestral Hall refers to the prefecture and origin of the surname Yan (see introductions in the heading "First, Surname Family" and "Four, County Wangtang").

Love with soldiers first; ——Anonymous Zhuan Yan Ancestral Hall General Couplet Couplet Code refers to Yanda, a Kaifeng man in the Northern Song Dynasty, with the word Fengchen, an army background, good at riding and shooting, and a fond of reading. Shenzong asked him what he should use first, and he said that love should come first. Shenzong asked again, "Can love be more than Wei?" He replied, "It is not impossible for Wei to be, but love must come first." The second joint code specifies that Yanshan , a Germanized person in Jiangxi, will be lifted during the Yongle period, and ordered by the government tombs. Houguan Taifu Temple. Guan Rong guards himself; The Shanglian Code refers to Song Yandashan riding and shooting, and to choose defenders with his talents. Xialian Code refers to Chunqiu Yanji, a disciple of Confucius. Lan Zhengye dream; Lotus leaks on time. The Shanghai United Nations Code refers to the fact that Chun Yan and Zheng Wengong's sister-in-law Yan Mengtian gave birth to Mu and gave birth to Mu Gong. The Xialian Code refers to the time when Song Yansu made the lotus, which is not bad.

〖Seven Words General Union of Yan Clan Ancestral Hall〗

In the Spring and Autumn Period, the sacred gate is the younger brother; ——Anonymous Zhuan Yan Ancestral Hall General Couplet Couplet Code means that in the Spring and Autumn Period, Confucius' proud disciples had Yan Ji, thinking. The next couplet code indicates that Yanshan was lifted by Yanshan on behalf of Yongle, and Wuling was awarded as Xunliang.

Make every effort to cross the sea chart; Juxian builds a golden platform. ——The common couplet of the ancestral temple of the surname Yan wrote the name of Yan Wengui and Wu Xingren. Painting landscapes and figures have their own family, known as the "Yan family scenery". The ancient book said that the "ship crossing the sea chart" painted by it, "It is a big deal, a boat is like a leaf, a person is like a wheat, and a man is sailing, and he is talking about Fenzhen. Thousands of miles away, especially the material. "The Xialian Code refers to the story of King Yan Zhao during the Warring States Period. Yan was defeated, King Zhao was enthroned, and he was a thick coin to recruit wise men and build a golden platform for Guo Yan, a teacher. Scholars strive for prosperity, and the country becomes prosperous.

Carved wood to remove chasing; as a lotus leak to silence morning faint. ——Anonymous The Common Scriptures of Yan's Ancestral Hall General Couplet Code refers to Yan Su, the minister of the Ministry of Rites in the Song Dynasty, the inventor of measurement. Shandong Yidu people. It is very precise to make a scholar , to make a guide, to record a drum, and to calculate the direction and mileage. The lotus leak method was also created to time, which is very accurate.

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