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Shang

Distribution area

1. Jingzhao County, governing the Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi); 2. Ji County, governing the Jixian (now Henan); 3, Qinghe County, governing Qingyang (now Qinghe, Hebei); 4, Shangdang County , Qin Zhi is located in Huguan (now north of Changzhi, Shanxi), the eldest son of the Western Han Dynasty (now the west of Shanxi eldest son).

Historical source

"Shang" originated

1, from the surname Jiang . According to "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and " Wan Surname Genealogy" and so on, after Master Tai Zhou was still his father, the descendants of later generations will use their characters to name the family.

2. Originated from the Qin Dynasty, taking the official position as the clan. After the emperor unified the world, there are six official positions (still managing, responsible, and in charge) with Shang Yi, Shang Shi, Shang Guan, Shang Xi, Shang Mu, and Shang Shu, and future generations will have their ancestral official duties. People.

3, the family name. The members of the Xia tribe are still black, and later generations have surnames in their names.

4. The surname changed from other clan. According to "Summary of Surnames", Tang Shishu, You Fushe, and Feng Shangjun Wang Shang Kegu , are other species of Xianbei Yuwen in the east. According to "Tang Book", there is a surname in Tubo during the Tang Dynasty, that is, Xuanzong descended Tang The chief of the Shang Yanxin tribe; the surname of Qing Manchu, who lives in Shenyang; the Han surname of Mupo of Jingpo ethnic group is Shang; today, such ethnic groups as Manchu, Mongolian, Baoan, Dongxiang, Tujia, and North Koreans have this surname.

Ancestor

Father. Namely, Jiang Taigong, Ming Shang, Zi Zi Ya (a word of word hope), was named Lu Hou and established Lu State because his ancestor Shang Boyi once assisted Dayu to govern the water, so he was also named Lu Shang and descended from Yan Emperor . He was a famous military strategist and politician in the late Shang and early Zhou dynasties. He once fished at the shore of Weishui and was hired by Zhou Wen as the assistant minister. When the King of Wu was in charge of business, he served as the commander of the army (referred to as the division), and was respected as the master and the father. In the Battle of Makino, the annihilation of the enemy was the first founding hero of the Zhou Dynasty . When the emperor became king, he was established in the capital, and the capital was built, and he was granted the privilege of seeking the five princes and nine uncles. At the end of the Spring and Autumn Period, after the Tian family replaced the Qi, the former Qi family had a family name with a family name and a surname. They honored their father as their ancestor.

Migration distribution

From the above, we can see that the surname Shang originated from Qi Kingdom of the Zhou Dynasty. In 386 BC, King Zhou An was forced to recognize Tian He as Qihou. At this point, Jiang Jiang, whose surname is Jianguo Qi, was replaced by Tian, who was historically known as Qi on behalf of Qi. Because Tianshi Daiqi did not have a large-scale bloody conflict, which was a peaceful evolution, most of the surnames still remained in Qi State. Although the surname is still very early, it has been covered by clouds in the later development, so its early history has been difficult to tell. This was the case in the pre-Qin and Han dynasties, as well as in the Wei, Jin, and the Northern and Southern Dynasties . The surname Shang is scattered in the annals of history, and it is rare, and it is difficult for people to peer into its true face. In Tang dynasty, Shang Shangren was an official Li Shang Shangshu who served as the imperial prince Shangyang Heng, and Weizhou Ji (now Henan Ji County) Ren Shangxianfu, as well as the peasant uprising leader Shang Junchang and Shangrang Brothers (from their experience, they should be from Henan or Shandong). At this time, the surname Shang performed well on the one hand, and on the other hand joined the fresh force of changing the surname from Yuwen's , making the entire surname family huge and strong since then.

"Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and "Summary of Surnames" said that Shang surnamed Wang Jingzhao, Qinghe, Shangdang and Jijun. Wang is the county or the land, which refers to the noble family in each county from Wei Jin to Sui and Tang dynasties. It means that a county in the world lives in the county. This shows that in the Tang Dynasty and before, the Shang family had once flourished in Xi'an, Shaanxi, Qinghe, Hebei, Changzhi, Shanxi, and Jixian, Henan. The fifth generation of Fujian king Wang Xi had favored Shangfei, indicating that Shang had already moved to Fujian at this time. After the Southern Song Dynasty , families with surnames gradually appeared in various parts of the South. In the Yuan Dynasty , Shang Wen emigrated from Qizhou Shenze (now Hunan) to Baoding, Hebei, and Shang Ye moved to Mancheng, Hebei from Baoding. In the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties, peasant uprisings fought four times, both to overthrow the Yuan rule and to fight for imperial power. As a result, the population of the Central Plains, East China, and Central South plummeted. After Zhu Yuanzhang unified the world, due to the special location of the mountains and rivers in Shanxi, The impact was not large, so immigrated from Shanxi, and the surname was one of the migrant surnames in Hongdong, and was relocated to Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu and other places. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Shang surname began to develop in various parts of the south, and went to Taiwan to cross the sea and broadcast overseas. Today, surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Hebei, Henan, Qinghai and other provinces. The surnames of the three provinces account for about 63% of the surnames of the Han nationality in China .

Hall number

"High Normal School", "Ren Shou", "Qinghe", etc. "Lian Jie Tang": Lian is pure and honest, and Jie is unique in character and behavior. In the Yuan Dynasty, he was still wild, with great interest, an elegant dictionary, and a stepmother to filial piety. Compiled for the National History Museum, as a judge in Ruzhou, clean and innocent, and different in character and behavior.

Clan characteristics

1. The surname is a typical northern surname . It originates from the north and flourishes in the north. According to the "Inscriptions Index of Jinshi Titles of the Ming and Qing Dynasties", there are thirty-seven Jinshis and surnames in the Ming and Qing dynasties. In addition to Huguang and Zhejiang (both two), Anhui and Sichuan (one each) There are only six people from the South. Among the northern provinces, Henan is the largest, with a total of ten, six of whom are from Luoshan. This was followed by Shaanxi (eight) and Shandong (five). Also worth mentioning is Fengtian (now Liaoning), three of whom were shortlisted. 2. The family name Shang has grown since the Tang Dynasty.

Celebrities

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